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  1. While Arab countries showed an impressive decline in child mortality rates during the past few decades, gaps in mortality by gender and socioeconomic status persisted. However, large socioeconomic disparities ...

    Authors: Marwan Khawaja, Jesse Dawns, Sonya Meyerson-Knox and Rouham Yamout
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:24
  2. As China re-establishes its health insurance system through various cooperative schemes, little is known about schoolchildren's health insurance. This paper reports findings from a study that examined schoolch...

    Authors: Jane M Zhu, Yiliang Zhu and Rui Liu
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:23
  3. Trafficking in women and children is a gross violation of human rights. However, this does not prevent an estimated 800 000 women and children to be trafficked each year across international borders. Eighty pe...

    Authors: Christine Joffres, Edward Mills, Michel Joffres, Tinku Khanna, Harleen Walia and Darrin Grund
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:22
  4. In many diseases men and women, for no apparent medical reason, are not offered the same investigations and treatment in health care. This may be due to staff's stereotypical preconceptions about men and women...

    Authors: Jenny Andersson, Pär Salander, Marie Brandstetter-Hiltunen, Emma Knutsson and Katarina Hamberg
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:21
  5. Earlier studies have mainly reported the use of antithrombotic drugs, beta-blockers and statins among hospital patient populations or MI patients. This study aimed to describe the use of these drugs among midd...

    Authors: Kristiina Manderbacka, Ilmo Keskimäki, Antti Reunanen and Timo Klaukka
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:16
  6. Equitable financing is a key objective of health care systems. Its importance is evidenced in policy documents, policy statements, the work of health economists and policy analysts. The conventional categorisa...

    Authors: Chai Ping Yu, David K Whynes and Tracey H Sach
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:15
  7. Large inequalities of mortality by most cancers in general, by mouth and pharynx cancer in particular, have been associated to behaviour and geopolitical factors. The assessment of socioeconomic covariates of ...

    Authors: José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Carme Borrell, Glòria Pérez, Antonio Fernando Boing and Victor Wünsch-Filho
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:14
  8. Social networks and social support are supposed to contribute to the development of unequal health within populations. However, little is known about their socio-economic distribution. In this study, we explor...

    Authors: Simone Weyers, Nico Dragano, Susanne Möbus, Eva-Maria Beck, Andreas Stang, Stephan Möhlenkamp, Karl Heinz Jöckel, Raimund Erbel and Johannes Siegrist
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:13
  9. As pharmaceutical expenditure continues to rise, third-party payers in most high-income countries have increasingly shifted the burden of payment for prescription drugs to patients. A large body of literature ...

    Authors: Marin C Gemmill, Sarah Thomson and Elias Mossialos
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:12
  10. User fees were introduced in public health facilities in Cambodia in 1997 in order to inject funds into the health system to enhance the quality of services. Because of inadequate health insurance, a social sa...

    Authors: Sokrin Khun and Lenore Manderson
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:10
  11. This paper highlights the socio-economic impacts of HIV/AIDS on women. It argues that the socio-cultural beliefs that value the male and female lives differently lead to differential access to health care serv...

    Authors: Pamella A Opiyo, Takashi Yamano and TS Jayne
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:8
  12. While the importance of promoting equity to achieve health is now recognised, the health gap continues to increase globally between and within countries. The description that follows looks at how the Cape Town...

    Authors: Vera Scott, Ruth Stern, David Sanders, Gavin Reagon and Verona Mathews
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:6
  13. Perceived racial discrimination is one factor which may discourage ethnic minorities from using healthcare. However, existing research only partially explains why some persons do accept health promotion messag...

    Authors: Ann Carroll Klassen, Katherine C Smith, Salma Shariff-Marco and Hee-Soon Juon
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:5
  14. Use of psychotropic drugs is widespread in Europe, and is markedly more common in France than elsewhere. Young adults often fare less well than adolescents on health indicators (injury, homicide, and substance...

    Authors: Nearkasen Chau, Michèle Baumann, Bruno Falissard and Marie Choquet
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:3
  15. This study examines associations between female participation in a microcredit program in India, known as self help groups (SHGs), and women's health in the south Indian state of Kerala. Because SHGs do not ha...

    Authors: KS Mohindra, Slim Haddad and D Narayana
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:2
  16. Health insurance coverage for all citizens is often considered a requisite for reducing disparities in health care accessibility. In Germany, health insurees are covered either by statutory health insurance (S...

    Authors: Markus Lungen, Bjoern Stollenwerk, Philipp Messner, Karl W Lauterbach and Andreas Gerber
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:1
  17. Until 2005, the Malawi National Tuberculosis Control Programme had been implemented as a vertical programme. Working within the Sector Wide Approach (SWAp) provides a new environment and new opportunities for ...

    Authors: Bertha Nhlema Simwaka, George Bello, Hastings Banda, Rhehab Chimzizi, Bertel SB Squire and Sally J Theobald
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:24
  18. In recent years, interest in the study of inequalities in health has not stopped at quantifying their magnitude; explaining the sources of inequalities has also become of great importance. This paper measures ...

    Authors: Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Lynette LY Lim, Gordon A Carmichael, Alexandra Sidorenko and Adrian C Sleigh
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:23
  19. In Africa, national governments and international organizations are focusing on rapidly "scaling up" malaria control interventions to at least 60 percent of vulnerable populations. The potential health and eco...

    Authors: Don P Mathanga and Cameron Bowie
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:22
  20. Malnutrition is a major public health and development concern in the developing world and in poor communities within these regions. Understanding the nature and determinants of socioeconomic inequality in maln...

    Authors: Ellen Van de Poel, Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Caroline Jehu-Appiah, Jeanette Vega and Niko Speybroeck
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:21
  21. Based on previously reported differences in fracture incidence in the socioeconomic less affluent Oslo East compared to the more privileged West, our aim was to study bone mineral density (BMD) in the same soc...

    Authors: Kari Alver, Anne J Søgaard, Jan A Falch and Haakon E Meyer
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:19
  22. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians experience widespread socioeconomic disadvantage and health inequality. In an attempt to make Indigenous health research more culturally-appropriate, Aborigina...

    Authors: Emma Kowal, Wendy Gunthorpe and Ross S Bailie
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:18
  23. There has been a growing interest in the role of the private for-profit sector in health service provision in low- and middle-income countries. The private sector represents an important source of care for all...

    Authors: Edith Patouillard, Catherine A Goodman, Kara G Hanson and Anne J Mills
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:17
  24. Notions of equity are fundamental to, and drive much of the current thinking about global health. Health inequity, however, is usually measured using health inequality as a proxy – implicitly conflating equity...

    Authors: Daniel D Reidpath and Pascale Allotey
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:16
  25. As reducing socio-economic inequalities in health is an important public health objective, monitoring of these inequalities is an important public health task. The specific inequality measure used can influenc...

    Authors: Tanja AJ Houweling, Anton E Kunst, Martijn Huisman and Johan P Mackenbach
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:15
  26. In many developing countries, out-of-pocket payment remains a primary mechanism by which patients infected with HIV access treatment. In India, this has been changing as the National AIDS Control Organization ...

    Authors: Duncan Smith-Rohrberg Maru, Deepika C Khakha, Mohammad Tahir, Sanjay Basu and Surendra K Sharma
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:14
  27. Several measures have been implemented at international level to ensure that there is a greater focus on sex differences in health research. This study evaluates the effect of various formal incentives that we...

    Authors: Debby G Keuken, Joke A Haafkens and Niek S Klazinga
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:13
  28. This paper reports on health inequalities awareness-raising workshops conducted with senior New Zealand health sector staff as part of the Government's goal of reducing inequalities in health, education, emplo...

    Authors: Louise Signal, Jennifer Martin, Papaarangi Reid, Christopher Carroll, Philippa Howden-Chapman, Vera Keefe Ormsby, Ruth Richards, Bridget Robson and Teresa Wall
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:12
  29. In 2001, the Government of Thailand introduced a universal coverage scheme with the aim of ensuring equitable health care access for even the poorest citizens. For a flat user fee of 30 Baht per consultation, ...

    Authors: Sophie Coronini-Cronberg, Wongsa Laohasiriwong and Christian A Gericke
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:11
  30. The association between area deprivation and health has mostly been examined in cross-sectional studies or prospective studies with short follow-up. These studies have rarely taken migration into account. This...

    Authors: Fredrik Niclas Piro, Øyvind Næss and Bjørgulf Claussen
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:10
  31. Bangladesh is committed to the fifth Millennium Development Goal (MDG-5) target of reducing its maternal mortality ratio by three-quarters between 1990 and 2015. Since the early 1990s, Bangladesh has followed ...

    Authors: Simon M Collin, Iqbal Anwar and Carine Ronsmans
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:9
  32. Although the prevalence of diabetes is three to five times higher in UK South Asians than Whites, there are no reports of the extent of ethnicity recording in routine general practice, and few population-based...

    Authors: Michael A Soljak, Azeem Majeed, Joseph Eliahoo and Anne Dornhorst
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:8
  33. Although health equity issues at regional, national and international levels are receiving increasing attention, health equity issues at the local level have been virtually overlooked. Here, we describe here a...

    Authors: Henry B Perry, Leslie W King-Schultz, Asma S Aftab and John H Bryant
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:7
  34. Communities of extreme poverty suffer disproportionately from a wide range of adverse outcomes, but are often neglected or underserved by organized services and research attention. In order to target the first...

    Authors: Martin Casapia, Serene A Joseph and Theresa W Gyorkos
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:6
  35. Implementation of known effective interventions would necessitate the reduction of malaria burden by half by the year 2010. Identifying geographical disparities of coverage of these interventions at small area...

    Authors: Lawrence N Kazembe, Christopher C Appleton and Immo Kleinschmidt
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:5
  36. Although there are wide variations in mortality between developed and developing countries, socioeconomic inequalities in health exist in both the societies. The study examined socioeconomic inequalities of ne...

    Authors: Abdur Razzaque, Peter Kim Streatfield and Dave R Gwatkin
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:4
  37. The pace of redressing inequities in the distribution of scarce health care resources in Namibia has been slow. This is due primarily to adherence to the historical incrementalist type of budgeting that has be...

    Authors: Eyob Zere, Custodia Mandlhate, Thomas Mbeeli, Kalumbi Shangula, Kauto Mutirua and William Kapenambili
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:3
  38. There is a growing body of literature highlighting inequities in GP practice prescribing rates for a number of drug therapies. The small amount of research on statin prescribing has either focussed on variatio...

    Authors: Paul R Ward, Peter R Noyce and Antony S St Leger
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:2
  39. It is well known that unemployment is a great problem both to the exposed individual and to the whole society. Unemployment is reported as more common among young people compared to the general level of unempl...

    Authors: Lars Axelsson, Ingemar H Andersson, Lena Edén and Göran Ejlertsson
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:1
  40. Household food insecurity and under-nutrition remain critically important in developing countries struggling to emerge from the scourge of poverty, where historically, improvements in economic conditions have ...

    Authors: Rathavuth Hong, James E Banta and Jose A Betancourt
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2006 5:15

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