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  1. Content type: Research

    Health care provision in rural and urban areas faces different challenges. In Sweden, health care provision has been predominantly public and equitable access to care has been pursued mainly through public pla...

    Authors: Linn Kullberg, Paula Blomqvist and Ulrika Winblad

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:123

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  2. Content type: Research

    Childhood immunization is one of the most cost-effective interventions for child health. Still, many children are not able to receive completed immunization status. Wealth – related inequality in immunization ...

    Authors: Owais Raza, Fahad Saqib Lodhi, Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae and Reza Majdzadeh

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:122

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  3. Content type: Research

    Psychosocial factors shape the health of older adults through complex inter-relating pathways. Besides socioeconomic factors, time use activities may explain gender inequality in self-reported health. This stu...

    Authors: Nicholas Kofi Adjei, Kenisha Russell Jonsson and Tilman Brand

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:121

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  4. Content type: Research

    In Malaysia, refugees and asylum-seekers are a vulnerable group that often face circumstances in which their health and wellbeing can be compromised. This qualitative study sought to examine the key health con...

    Authors: Fiona Leh Hoon Chuah, Sok Teng Tan, Jason Yeo and Helena Legido-Quigley

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:120

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  5. Content type: Research

    In Bangladesh, India and Nepal, neonatal outcomes of poor infants are considerably worse than those of better-off infants. Understanding how these inequalities vary by country and place of delivery (home or fa...

    Authors: Erik de Jonge, Kishwar Azad, Munir Hossen, Abdul Kuddus, Dharma S. Manandhar, Ellen van de Poel, Swati Sarbani Roy, Naomi Saville, Aman Sen, Catherine Sikorski, Prasanta Tripathy, Anthony Costello and Tanja A. J. Houweling

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:119

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  6. Content type: Systematic review

    Indigenous peoples of the United States disproportionately experience chronic diseases associated with poor nutrition, including obesity and diabetes. While chronic disease related health disparities among Ind...

    Authors: Jinan Banna and Andrea Bersamin

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:116

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  7. Content type: Commentary

    Life expectancy initially improves rapidly with economic development but then tails off. Yet, at any level of economic development, some countries do better, and some worse, than expected – they either punch a...

    Authors: Fran Baum, Jennie Popay, Toni Delany-Crowe, Toby Freeman, Connie Musolino, Carlos Alvarez-Dardet, Vinya Ariyaratne, Kedar Baral, Paulin Basinga, Mary Bassett, David M. Bishai, Mickey Chopra, Sharon Friel, Elsa Giugliani, Hideki Hashimoto, James Macinko…

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:117

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  8. Content type: Systematic review

    Patient safety is a quality indicator for primary care and it should be based on individual needs, and not differ among different social groups. Nevertheless, the attention on social disparities in patient saf...

    Authors: Carlotta Piccardi, Jens Detollenaere, Pierre Vanden Bussche and Sara Willems

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:114

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  9. Content type: Research

    Mental disorders are a major cause of disability with impacts on daily functioning and quality of life, which has been associated with socioeconomic disadvantage. The present study aims to assess how socioecon...

    Authors: Ana Antunes, Diana Frasquilho, Sofia Azeredo-Lopes, Manuela Silva, Graça Cardoso and José Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:113

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  10. Content type: Research

    In Germany and Chile, substitutive private health insurance has been shaped by its co-existence with statutory social health insurance. Despite differences in the way choice is available to users in the health...

    Authors: Andres Roman-Urrestarazu, Justin C. Yang, Stefanie Ettelt, Inna Thalmann, Valeska Seguel Ravest and Carol Brayne

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:112

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  11. Content type: Research

    Ischaemic heart disease (IHD) remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality for both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians. Patterns of primary and specialist care in patients leading up to the firs...

    Authors: Tiew-Hwa Katherine Teng, Judith M. Katzenellenbogen, Elizabeth Geelhoed, Anthony S. Gunnell, Matthew Knuiman, Frank M. Sanfilippo, Joseph Hung, Qun Mai, Alistair Vickery and Sandra C. Thompson

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:111

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  12. Content type: Research

    Fear of crime is not solely an individual concern, but as a social determinant of health structured by gender it also poses a threat to public health. Social inequalities are thought to represent a breeding gr...

    Authors: Beáta Vivien Boldis, Miguel San Sebastián and Per E. Gustafsson

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:110

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  13. Content type: Research

    After economic reform, China experienced rising public health services inequality between the eastern developed and mid-west undeveloped provinces. The fiscal transfer payment system which aims to shape the di...

    Authors: Tianxiang Chen, Ying Wang, Xiaoyi Luo, Yuxuan Rao and Lei Hua

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:108

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  14. Content type: Research

    Previous studies in developed countries have found that living in rapidly urbanizing areas is associated with higher risk of mental illness and that social capital had a protective effect on individual mental ...

    Authors: Ruoyu Wang, Desheng Xue, Ye Liu, Hongsheng Chen and Yingzhi Qiu

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:105

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  15. Content type: Research

    Most of the nearly 104 million underweight children in the world lived in South East Asia and sub-Saharan Africa in 2010. According to the 2014 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) report, 24 and 7% ...

    Authors: Getnet Nigatu, Solomon Assefa Woreta, Temesgen Yihunie Akalu and Melaku Kindie Yenit

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:106

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  16. Content type: Research

    Previous research has produced evidence for social inequalities in multimorbidity, but little is known on how these disparities change over time. Our study investigates the development of social inequalities i...

    Authors: Juliane Tetzlaff, Jelena Epping, Stefanie Sperlich, Sveja Eberhard, Jona Theodor Stahmeyer and Siegfried Geyer

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:103

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  17. Content type: Research

    Maternal mortality is a global public health problem. Statistics show that in 2013, 289,000 women died from complications during pregnancy, childbirth or the postpartum period worldwide. Between 2010 and 2015,...

    Authors: Katia M. S. Figueiredo, Gleice A. A. Gonçalves, Hermes M. T. Batista, Marco Akerman, Woneska R. Pinheiro and Vânia B. Nascimento

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:104

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  18. Content type: Research

    Socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular disease seem to widen or endure in Sweden. However, research on inequalities in antecedent cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs), and particularly what underpins them...

    Authors: Paola A. Mosquera, Miguel San Sebastian, Anneli Ivarsson and Per E. Gustafsson

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:102

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  19. Content type: Research

    China has seen rapid socio-economic changes and epidemiological transitions in the last few decades. Previous studies often fail to examine how wider macro-level forces contribute to changes in health inequali...

    Authors: Nan Zhang

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:101

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  20. Content type: Research

    The 2015 Global Burden of Disease Study estimated that oral conditions affect 3.5 billion people worldwide with a higher burden among older adults and those who are socially and economically disadvantaged. Stu...

    Authors: Alexander Kailembo, Raman Preet and Jennifer Stewart Williams

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:99

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  21. Content type: Research

    The Nigerian National Health Act proposes a radical shift in health financing in Nigeria through the establishment of a fund – Basic Healthcare Provision Fund, (BHCPF). This Fund is intended to improve the fun...

    Authors: Benjamin Uzochukwu, Emmanuel Onwujekwe, Chinyere Mbachu, Chinyere Okeke, Sassy Molyneux and Lucy Gilson

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:100

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  22. Content type: Research

    Current policy priorities to strengthen the nursing sector in India have focused on increasing the number of nurses in the health system. However, the nursing sector is afflicted by other, significant problems...

    Authors: Joe Varghese, Anneline Blankenhorn, Prasanna Saligram, John Porter and Kabir Sheikh

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:98

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  23. Content type: Research

    Breast cancer stands as the leading cause of cancer related mortality in women worldwide. Mammography screening has the potential to improve prognosis by reducing stage at diagnosis. Socioeconomic inequalities...

    Authors: A. Relecom, B. Arzel and T. Perneger

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:95

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  24. Content type: Research

    Female refugees can be a vulnerable population, often having suffered through traumatic events that pose risks to their health, especially during pregnancy. Pregnancy can be an entry point into the health care...

    Authors: Anika Winn, Erin Hetherington and Suzanne Tough

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:91

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  25. Content type: Research

    The burden of multimorbidity is a growing clinical and health system problem that is known to be associated with socioeconomic status, yet our understanding of the underlying determinants of inequalities in mu...

    Authors: Luke Mondor, Deborah Cohen, Anum Irfan Khan and Walter P. Wodchis

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:90

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  26. Content type: Research

    China has set up a universal coverage social health insurance system since the 2009 healthcare reform. Due to the inadequate funds, the social health insurance system reimbursed the inpatient expenditures with...

    Authors: Yudong Miao, Jianqin Gu, Liang Zhang, Ruibo He, Sandeep Sandeep and Jian Wu

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:89

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  27. Content type: Research

    Following the introduction of user fees in Cambodia, Health Equity Funds (HEF) were developed to enable poor people access to public health services by paying public health providers on their behalf, including...

    Authors: Bart Jacobs, Ashish Bajracharya, Jyotirmoy Saha, Chhorvann Chhea, Ben Bellows, Steffen Flessa and Adelio Fernandes Antunes

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:88

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  28. Content type: Research

    Compared with the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) vaccines, the coverage rate of the non-EPI vaccines is still low. The aim of this study is to explore the rural-urban disparity in category II vaccine a...

    Authors: Xinyi Zhang, Zerin Imam Syeda, Zhengyue Jing, Qiongqiong Xu, Long Sun, Lingzhong Xu and Chengchao Zhou

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:87

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  29. Content type: Research

    There is a lack of focused research on the older population in Ghana and about issues pertaining to their access to healthcare services. Furthermore, information is lacking regarding the fairness in the access...

    Authors: Vincent Dei and Miguel San Sebastian

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:86

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  30. Content type: Research

    The Safe Motherhood Research Project studies the implementation and scale-up of maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) initiatives in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia. This qualitative rapid assessment study was undert...

    Authors: Nicole Bergen, Abebe Mamo, Shifera Asfaw, Lakew Abebe, Jaameeta Kurji, Getachew Kiros, Muluemebet Abera, Gebeyehu Bulcha Duguma, Kunuz Haji Bedru, Manisha A. Kulkarni, Ronald Labonté and Sudhakar Morankar

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:84

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  31. Content type: Research

    Tens of millions of rural “left-behind children (LBC)” in China grow up experiencing prolonged separation from their migrant worker parents. This study aimed to explore how children are affected by parental mi...

    Authors: Chenyue Zhao, Feng Wang, Xudong Zhou, Minmin Jiang and Therese Hesketh

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:80

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  32. Content type: Research

    Equitable access to primary health care (PHC) is an important component of integrated chronic disease management. Whilst context is known to influence access to PHC, it is poorly researched. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Bernadette Ward, Riki Lane, Julie McDonald, Gawaine Powell-Davies, Jeff Fuller, Sarah Dennis, Rachael Kearns and Grant Russell

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:78

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  33. Content type: Research

    Disparities in prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes and their links to socioeconomic status (SES) have been intensively studied. A relatively low incidence rate and a high proportion of late-stage diagnosis have bee...

    Authors: Chi-Chen Wu, Ching-Heng Lin, Han-Sun Chiang and Ming-Je Tang

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:79

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  34. Content type: Research

    Hypertension has become a global health challenge given its high prevalence and but low awareness and detection. Whether the actual prevalence of hypertension has been estimated is important, especially for th...

    Authors: Min Su, Yafei Si, Zhongliang Zhou, Chi Shen, Wanyue Dong, Xiaojing Fan, Xiao Wang and Xiaolin Wei

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:82

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  35. Content type: Research

    Despite the reputation of Canada’s healthcare system as being accessible to all Canadians, certain populations continue to face inequities within our healthcare system. In addition to promoting fairness, addre...

    Authors: Victoria Nkunu and Kevin J. McLaughlin

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:81

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  36. Content type: Research

    Suicide is a major global health problem, especially among youth. Suicide is known to be associated with a variety of social, economic, political and religious factors, vary across geographical and cultural re...

    Authors: Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Giulia Rinaldi, Hossein Shahnavazi, Hamid Bouraghi and Aliasghar A. Kiadaliri

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:77

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  37. Content type: Research

    This study explores the perceived barriers to primary health care as identified among a sample of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) identified individuals and health care providers in Nova...

    Authors: Jacqueline Gahagan and Montse Subirana-Malaret

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:76

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  38. Content type: Research

    Opioid use is a severe problem in Iran. Despite methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) programs being one of the most important treatment strategies for reducing individual and public harms associated with opio...

    Authors: Maryam Khazaee-Pool, Maryam Moeeni, Koen Ponnet, Arezoo Fallahi, Leila Jahangiri and Tahereh Pashaei

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:75

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  39. Content type: Research

    Recent studies have explored the influence of socioeconomic inequalities on the diet quality. However, there is lack of evidence regarding the level of inequalities in dietary quality and its main contributing...

    Authors: Aline Veroneze de Mello, Flávia Mori Sarti, Jaqueline Lopes Pereira, Moisés Goldbaum, Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar, Maria Cecilia Goi Porto Alves and Regina Mara Fisberg

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:72

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  40. Content type: Research

    Public Private Partnerships (PPP) are increasingly utilized as a public health strategy for strengthening health systems and have become a core component for the delivery of TB control services in India, as pr...

    Authors: Solomon Salve, Kristine Harris, Kabir Sheikh and John D. H. Porter

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:73

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  41. Content type: Research

    Benin and Mali introduced user fee exemption policies focused on caesarean sections (C-sections) in 2005 and 2009, respectively. These policies had a positive impact on access to C-sections and facility based ...

    Authors: Marion Ravit, Martine Audibert, Valéry Ridde, Myriam De Loenzien, Clémence Schantz and Alexandre Dumont

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:71

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  42. Content type: Research

    Women living with obstetric fistula often live in poverty and in remote areas far from hospitals offering surgical repair. These women and their families face a range of costs while accessing fistula repair, s...

    Authors: Kaji Tamanna Keya, Pooja Sripad, Emmanuel Nwala and Charlotte E. Warren

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:70

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  43. Content type: Research

    Monitoring financial protection against catastrophic health expenditures is important to understand how health financing arrangements in a country protect its population against high costs associated with acce...

    Authors: Justine Hsu, Gabriela Flores, David Evans, Anne Mills and Kara Hanson

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:69

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  44. Content type: Review

    Health policy in Australia positions Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Workers (AHWs) as central to improving Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ health, with high expectations of their c...

    Authors: Stephanie M. Topp, Alexandra Edelman and Sean Taylor

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:67

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  45. Content type: Research

    Frequent engagement of men in sexual encounters with female sex workers (FSWs) without using condoms places them at a high risk for HIV infection. HIV testing has been noted to be among important strategies to...

    Authors: Nelsensius Klau Fauk, Anastasia Suci Sukmawati, Pius Almindu Leki Berek, Ernawati, Elisabeth Kristanti, Sri Sunaringsih Ika Wardojo, Isaias Budi Cahaya and Lillian Mwanri

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:68

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  46. Content type: Commentary

    Community health workers (CHWs) are frequently put forward as a remedy for lack of health system capacity, including challenges associated with health service coverage and with low community engagement in the ...

    Authors: Marta Schaaf, Jonathan Fox, Stephanie M. Topp, Caitlin Warthin, Lynn P. Freedman, Rachel Sullivan Robinson, Sundararaman Thiagarajan, Kerry Scott, Thoko Maboe, Margareth Zanchetta, Ana Lorena Ruano, Maryse Kok and Svea Closser

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:66

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