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  1. In 2013, Dubai implemented the Insurance System of Advancing Health in Dubai (ISAHD) law which required mandatory health insurance for all residents of Dubai effective in 2016. This study compares the effect o...

    Authors: Shreena Malaviya, David Bishai, Meenu Mahak Soni and El Daw Suliman
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:90
  2. Medical neutrality is a normative arrangement that differentiates a zone of medical treatment disconnected from the field of politics. While medical neutrality aims to ensure impartial healthcare for all and t...

    Authors: Zvika Orr, Levi Jackson, Evan Avraham Alpert and Mark D. Fleming
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:89
  3. Social and health disparities persist in Sweden despite a high quality and universally accessible welfare system. One way of bridging social gaps is through social innovations targeting the most vulnerable gro...

    Authors: Per Kåks, Anna Bergström, Sibylle Herzig van Wees and Mats Målqvist
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:88
  4. This article reports on the results from a scoping review and a modified e-Delphi survey with experts which aimed to synthesize existing knowledge and identify research gaps on the health and health equity imp...

    Authors: Juyeon Lee and Erica Di Ruggiero
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:87
  5. To identify patterns of clinical conditions among high-cost older adults health care users and explore the associations between characteristics of high-cost older adults and patterns of clinical conditions.

    Authors: Xiaolin He, Danjin Li, Wenyi Wang, Hong Liang and Yan Liang
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:86
  6. Vaccines are effective to reduce COVID-19 related outcomes, but universal vaccination campaigns can reveal within-country access inequities. Mexico City has had high rates of COVID-19 related morbidity and mor...

    Authors: Pablo Gaitán-Rossi, Miranda Mendez-Rosenzweig, Erika García-Alberto and Mireya Vilar-Compte
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:85
  7. The Every Woman Every Child Latin America and the Caribbean (EWEC-LAC) initiative was established in 2017 as a regional inter-agency mechanism. EWEC-LAC coordinates the regional implementation of the Global Strat...

    Authors: Antonio Sanhueza, Liliana Carvajal, Daniel A. Cueva, Sonja Caffe, Alma Virginia Camacho, María Alejandra Berroterán, Deborah Horowitz, Amparo Gordillo-Tobar and Oscar J. Mujica
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:83
  8. Evidence to date has shown that inequality in health, and vaccination coverage in particular, can have ramifications to wider society. However, whilst individual studies have sought to characterise these heter...

    Authors: Huda Ahmed Ali, Anna-Maria Hartner, Susy Echeverria-Londono, Jeremy Roth, Xiang Li, Kaja Abbas, Allison Portnoy, Emilia Vynnycky, Kim Woodruff, Neil M Ferguson, Jaspreet Toor and Katy AM Gaythorpe
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:82
  9. Healthcare system and intersectoral public health policies play a crucial role in improving population health and reducing health inequalities. This study aimed to quantify their impact, operationalized as avo...

    Authors: Kasim Allel, Mohammad Hajizadeh and Ali Kiadaliri
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:81
  10. Strong primary care systems have been associated with improved health equity. Primary care system reforms in Canada may have had equity implications, but these have not been evaluated. We sought to determine i...

    Authors: M.R. Lavergne, A. Bodner, S. Peterson, M. Wiedmeyer, D. Rudoler, S. Spencer and E.G. Marshall
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:80
  11. Addressing socioeconomic inequalities in early child development (ECD) is key to reducing the intergenerational transmission of health inequalities. Yet, little is known about how socioeconomic inequalities in...

    Authors: Tanja A. J. Houweling, Joost Oude Groeniger, Pauline W. Jansen, Pol van Lier, Nil Horoz, Marieke Buil and Frank J. van Lenthe
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:79
  12. An estimated 296 million individuals live with chronic hepatitis B worldwide, most have not been diagnosed and remain at risk of liver disease and cancer. People with hepatitis B often face discrimination that...

    Authors: Catherine Freeland, Lindsay Mendola, Vivian Cheng, Chari Cohen and Jack Wallace
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:77
  13. The COVID-19 pandemic has strained healthcare systems by creating a tragic imbalance between needs and resources. Governments and healthcare organizations have adapted to this pronounced scarcity by applying a...

    Authors: Elizabeth Badalov, Liz Blackler, Amy E. Scharf, Konstantina Matsoukas, Sanjay Chawla, Louis P. Voigt and Arthur Kuflik
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:76
  14. Health inequality, including physical and mental health inequality, is an important issue. What role social capital plays in mental health inequality is still ambiguous, especially in developing countries. The...

    Authors: Dan Cao, Zhongliang Zhou, Guanping Liu, Chi Shen, Yangling Ren, Dantong Zhao, Yaxin Zhao, Qiwei Deng and Xiaohui Zhai
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:75
  15. Public health measures for COVID-19 containment have implied economic and social life disruptions, which have been particularly deleterious in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) due to high rates of infor...

    Authors: M. Vilar-Compte, M. Hernández-F, P. Gaitán-Rossi, V. Pérez and G. Teruel
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:74
  16. Significant progress has been made to advance Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (MNCH) in Ethiopia. Further, the country has enshrined equity as a core value in their strategic and development frameworks and ...

    Authors: Josea Rono, Lynette Kamau, Jane Mangwana, Jacinta Waruguru, Pauline Aluoch and Maureen Njoroge
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:73

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:78

  17. Social determinants of health (SDoH) are known to have a large impact on health outcomes, but their effects are difficult to make visible. They are part of complex systems of variables largely indirect effects...

    Authors: Laurens Reumers, Marleen Bekker, Henk Hilderink, Maria Jansen, Jan-Kees Helderman and Dirk Ruwaard
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:72
  18. Unintended pregnancies are a global public health concern that could be prevented with appropriate access to contraceptive methods. Evidence from research has indicated that avoidance of closely space birth/pr...

    Authors: Obinna Princewill Anyatonwu and Miguel San Sebastián
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:71
  19. When COVID-19 emerged, there were well-founded fears that Māori (indigenous peoples of Aotearoa (New Zealand)) would be disproportionately affected, both in terms of morbidity and mortality from COVID-19 itsel...

    Authors: Cheryl Davies, Carmen Timu-Parata, Jeannine Stairmand, Bridget Robson, Amanda Kvalsvig, Dominique Lum and Virginia Signal
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:70
  20. The negative association between income inequality and health has been known in the literature as the Income Inequality Hypothesis (IIH). Despite the multiple studies examining the validity of this hypothesis,...

    Authors: Pamela Góngora-Salazar, María Sofía Casabianca and Paul Rodríguez-Lesmes
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:69
  21. In fragile and conflict affected settings (FCAS) such as South Sudan, where health needs are immense, resources are scarce, health infrastructure is rudimentary or damaged, and government stewardship is weak, ...

    Authors: Heloise Widdig, Noor Tromp, George William Lutwama and Eelco Jacobs
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:68
  22. In high income countries, racialized/ethnic minorities are disproportionally affected by COVID-19. Despite the established importance of community involvement in epidemic preparedness, we lack in-depth underst...

    Authors: Christiana Nöstlinger, Ella Van Landeghem, Jef Vanhamel, Anke Rotsaert, Lazare Manirankunda, Charles Ddungu, Thijs Reyniers, Deogratias Katsuva, Jana Vercruyssen, Stef Dielen and Marie Meudec
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:67
  23. Access to health care has traditionally been conceptualized as a function of patient socio-demographic characteristics (i.e., age, race/ethnicity, education, health insurance status, etc.) and/or the system it...

    Authors: Helen V. S. Cole and Emily Franzosa
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:66

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:84

  24. While it is recognized that there are costs associated with postoperative patient follow-up, risk assessments of catastrophic health expenditures (CHEs) due to surgery in sub-Saharan Africa rarely include expe...

    Authors: Anne Niyigena, Barnabas Alayande, Laban Bikorimana, Elizabeth Miranda, Niclas Rudolfson, Deogratias Ndagijimana, Fredrick Kateera, Robert Riviello and Bethany Hedt-Gauthier
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:62
  25. Tribal peoples are among the most marginalised groups worldwide. Evidence on birth outcomes in these groups is scant. We describe inequalities in Stillbirth Rate (SBR), Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR), and uptak...

    Authors: Sophie L.P. Busch, Tanja A.J. Houweling, Hemanta Pradhan, Rajkumar Gope, Shibanand Rath, Amit Kumar, Vikash Nath, Audrey Prost and Nirmala Nair
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:61
  26. This article aimed to analyse constructions of adolescents’ sexualities and sexual health and the consequences of these discourses for adolescents’ exercise of their sexual reproductive health and rights (SRHR...

    Authors: Chama Mulubwa, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Charles Michelo, Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy and Isabel Goicolea
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:60
  27. Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) is often used to address health inequities due to structural racism. However, much of the existing literature emphasizes relationships and synergy rather than stru...

    Authors: John G. Oetzel, Blake Boursaw, Maya Magarati, Elizabeth Dickson, Shannon Sanchez-Youngman, Leo Morales, Sarah Kastelic, Milton “Mickey” Eder and Nina Wallerstein
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:59
  28. Community-led interventions that address structural and social determinants of health are lacking among (im)migrant workers, especially seafood workers. This lack of medical attention is especially alarming gi...

    Authors: Shannon Guillot-Wright, N. Miles Farr and Ellie Cherryhomes
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:58
  29. This study aimed to compare the prevention and control strategies adopted by the United States and India in the COVID-19 outbreak and analyze the effectiveness of their strategies, in order to provide empirica...

    Authors: Junyan Yang, Leiyu Shi, Haiqian Chen, Xiaohan Wang, Jun Jiao, Manfei Yang, Meiheng Liu and Gang Sun
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:57
  30. Monitoring health inequalities is an important task for health research and policy, to uncover who is being left behind – and where – and to inform effective and equitable policies and programmes to tackle exi...

    Authors: Jakob Dirksen, Monica Pinilla-Roncancio, Fernando C. Wehrmeister, Leonardo Z. Ferreira, Luis Paulo Vidaletti, Katherine Kirkby, Theadora Swift Koller, Anne Schlotheuber, Heriberto Tapia, Cecilia Vidal Fuertes, Sabina Alkire, Aluisio J. D. Barros and Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:56
  31. Access to professional health care providers in Loja Province, Ecuador can be difficult for many citizens. The Health Care Access Barrier Model (HCAB) was established to provide a framework for classification,...

    Authors: Anthony Brusnahan, Majo Carrasco-Tenezaca, Benjamin R. Bates, Rosellen Roche and Mario J. Grijalva
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:55
  32. Emergency department crowding is an obstacle in the process of obtaining emergency care services, which will lead to the increase of time cost. Most studies focused on the direct access to emergency medical re...

    Authors: Ning Xu, Jianjun Bai and Ran Yan
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:54
  33. Recent surveys, studies and reviews in urban areas of Pakistan have highlighted the impacts of social inequities on access of women and children to health services for women and children in Pakistan.

    Authors: Khawaja Aftab Ahmed, John Grundy, Lubna Hashmat, Imran Ahmed, Saadia Farrukh, Dexter Bersonda, Muhammad Akram Shah, Soofia Yunus and Hari Krishna Banskota
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:52
  34. Socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular (CVD) health outcomes are well documented. While Russia has one of the highest levels of CVD mortality in the world, the literature on contemporary socio-economic i...

    Authors: Sergi Trias-Llimós, Sarah Cook, Anne Elise Eggen, Alexander V. Kudryavtsev, Sofia Malyutina, Vladimir M. Shkolnikov and David A. Leon
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:51
  35. Restrictive state laws aimed at immigrants can have unintended consequences for health insurance coverage of United States citizens in immigrant families due to both actual barriers created by the laws and per...

    Authors: Sylvia E. Twersky
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:50
  36. The deployment of Community Health Workers (CHWs) is widely promoted as a strategy for reducing health inequities in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Yet there is limited evidence on whether and how CH...

    Authors: Sonia Ahmed, Liana E. Chase, Janelle Wagnild, Nasima Akhter, Scarlett Sturridge, Andrew Clarke, Pari Chowdhary, Diana Mukami, Adetayo Kasim and Kate Hampshire
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:49
  37. The COVID-19 pandemic has shed new light on inequities in healthcare access faced by immigrant and refugee communities. To address ongoing disparities, there is an urgent need for ecological approaches to bett...

    Authors: Falah N. Rashoka, Megan S. Kelley, Jeong-Kyun Choi, Marc A. Garcia, Weiwen Chai and Hazim N. Rashawka
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:48
  38. Low household socioeconomic status is associated with unhealthy behaviours including poor diet and adverse health outcomes. Different methods leading to variations in SES classification has the potential to ge...

    Authors: Vincent Were, Louise Foley, Eleanor Turner-Moss, Ebele Mogo, Pamela Wadende, Rosemary Musuva and Charles Obonyo
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:47
  39. Like many places in Nigeria, Niger, a predominantly rural and poor state in the north of the country, has high fertility, low contraceptive prevalence, and high maternal mortality. This paper presents a descri...

    Authors: Rachel Sullivan Robinson and Tariah Adams
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21(Suppl 1):46

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 21 Supplement 1

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:65

  40. The COVID-19 pandemic has been felt acutely in Latin America with several countries having among the highest numbers of SARS-CoV-2 cases and related deaths. Individuals living with underlying health conditions...

    Authors: Meredith H. Kruse, Alessandra Durstine and Dabney P. Evans
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:45
  41. Intimate partner violence against women is a behavior within an intimate relationship that causes physical, sexual, or psychological harm to the victim. It is well recognized as a gross violation of human righ...

    Authors: Girma Garedew Goyomsa, Teklu Arga Albe, Sisay Abebe Debela and Leul Deribe Kitaw
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:44
  42. This study aims to assess which measures could improve the healthy early childhood development of children from marginalized Roma communities and to identify priority measures.

    Authors: Shoshana Chovan, Daniela Filakovska Bobakova, Lucia Bosakova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Sijmen A. Reijneveld and Marlou L. A. de Kroon
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:43
  43. Recognition of the value of “social accountability” to improve health systems performance and to address health inequities, has increased over the last decades, with different schools of thought engaging in ro...

    Authors: Erica Nelson, Peter Waiswa, Vera Schattan Coelho and Eric Sarriot
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21(Suppl 1):41

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 21 Supplement 1

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