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  1. Research

    Obesity in Scotland: a persistent inequality

    Obesity is a health problem in its own right and a risk factor for other conditions such as cardiovascular disease. The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased in Scotland between 1995 and 2008 with soc...

    Elaine Tod, Catherine Bromley, Andrew D. Millard, Allan Boyd, Phil Mackie and Gerry McCartney

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:135

    Published on: 27 July 2017

  2. Research

    A population-based study of homicide deaths in Ontario, Canada using linked death records

    Homicide – a lethal expression of violence – has garnered little attention from public health researchers and health policy makers, despite the fact that homicides are a cause of preventable and premature deat...

    James Lachaud, Peter D. Donnelly, David Henry, Kathy Kornas, Andrew Calzavara, Catherine Bornbaum and Laura Rosella

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:133

    Published on: 24 July 2017

  3. Research

    A qualitative study on the intersectional social determinants for indigenous people who become infected with HIV in their youth

    Indigenous young people are currently highly overrepresented in the HIV epidemic in Canada, especially in the Prairie Provinces, such as Manitoba. Understanding HIV-vulnerability in Indigenous peoples must beg...

    Roberta L. Woodgate, Melanie Zurba, Pauline Tennent, Carla Cochrane, Mike Payne and Javier Mignone

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:132

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  4. Research

    The rise and fall of dental therapy in Canada: a policy analysis and assessment of equity of access to oral health care for Inuit and First Nations communities

    Inequality between most Canadians and those from Inuit and First Nations communities, in terms of both access to oral health care services and related health outcomes, has been a long-standing problem. Efforts...

    Victoria Leck and Glen E. Randall

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:131

    Published on: 20 July 2017

  5. Research

    Supporting and retaining Village Health Teams: an assessment of a community health worker program in two Ugandan districts

    Uganda’s national community health worker program involves volunteer Village Health Teams (VHTs) delivering basic health services and education. Evidence demonstrates their positive impact on health outcomes, ...

    Daniel C. Mays, Edward J. O’Neil Jr, Edison A. Mworozi, Benjamin J. Lough, Zachary J. Tabb, Ashlyn E. Whitlock, Edward M. Mutimba and Zohray M. Talib

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:129

    Published on: 20 July 2017

  6. Research

    Decomposing the causes of socioeconomic-related health inequality among urban and rural populations in China: a new decomposition approach

    In recent decades, China has experienced tremendous economic growth and also witnessed growing socioeconomic-related health inequality. The study aims to explore the potential causes of socioeconomic-related h...

    Jiaoli Cai, Peter C. Coyte and Hongzhong Zhao

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:128

    Published on: 18 July 2017

  7. Research

    Trends in socioeconomic inequalities among adult male hardcore smokers in Vietnam: 2010–2015

    Despite male smokers being dominant in Vietnam, scarce evidence on trends in socioeconomics inequalities among the hardcore male smokers is available in the country. In this study, we aimed at assessing the tr...

    Vu Duy Kien, Tej Ram Jat, Kim Bao Giang, Phan Thi Hai, Doan Thi Thu Huyen, Luong Ngoc Khue, Nguyen Tuan Lam, Phan Thi Quynh Nga, Nguyen The Quan and Hoang Van Minh

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:126

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  8. Research

    Non-communicable diseases and related risk behaviors among men and women living with HIV in Cambodia: findings from a cross-sectional study

    There is a growing concern for an increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in people living with HIV. This concern is evident especially in developing countries where dietary and lifestyle risk fa...

    Pheak Chhoun, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Khuondyla Pal, Martin Steel, Jennifer Dionisio, Hattie Pearson, Gitau Mburu, Carinne Brody and Siyan Yi

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:125

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  9. Research

    House ownership, frequency of illness, fathers’ education: the most significant socio-demographic determinants of poor nutritional status in adolescent girls from low income households of Lahore, Pakistan

    Socio demographic factors besides dietary factors play important role in determining the health status of an individual. Health and nutritional Intervention programs stand a greater chance of success if planne...

    Fatima Hassan, Muhammad Asim, Shafya Salim and Ayesha Humayun

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:122

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  10. Systematic review

    Identifying inequitable healthcare in older people: systematic review of current research practice

    There is growing consensus on the importance of identifying age-related inequities in the receipt of public health and healthcare interventions, but concerns regarding conceptual and methodological rigour in t...

    Sarah M. Salway, Nick Payne, Melanie Rimmer, Stefanie Buckner, Hannah Jordan, Jean Adams, Kate Walters, Sarah L. Sowden, Lynne Forrest, Linda Sharp, Mira Hidajat, Martin White and Yoav Ben-Shlomo

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:123

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  11. Research

    An assessment of equity in the distribution of non-financial health care inputs across public primary health care facilities in Tanzania

    There is limited evidence on how health care inputs are distributed from the sub-national level down to health facilities and their potential influence on promoting health equity. To address this gap, this pap...

    August Kuwawenaruwa, Josephine Borghi, Michelle Remme and Gemini Mtei

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:124

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  12. Research

    Experiences of inequitable care among Afghan mothers surviving near-miss morbidity in Tehran, Iran: a qualitative interview study

    Providing equitable maternal care to migrants is a seriously challenging task for hosting countries. Iran, the second-most accessed country for refugees from Afghanistan, has achieved maternal health improveme...

    Soheila Mohammadi, Aje Carlbom, Robabeh Taheripanah and Birgitta Essén

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:121

    Published on: 7 July 2017

  13. Research

    Up close and real: living and learning in a remote community builds students’ cultural capabilities and understanding of health disparities

    Rural and remote communities in Australia fare worse than their urban counterparts across major health indicators, with geographic isolation, restricted accessibility to health services, socioeconomic disadvan...

    Rosalie D Thackrah, Maeva Hall, Kathryn Fitzgerald and Sandra C Thompson

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:119

    Published on: 6 July 2017

  14. Research

    Individual and regional association between socioeconomic status and uncertainty stress, and life stress: a representative nationwide study of China

    Many studies have examined the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and mental stress. Uncertainty stress is a prominent aspect of mental stress. Yet no research has ever empirically analyzed the imp...

    Tingzhong Yang, Xiaozhao Y Yang, Lingwei Yu, Randall R. Cottrell and Shuhan Jiang

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:118

    Published on: 5 July 2017

  15. Research

    The impact of racial discrimination on the health of Australian Indigenous children aged 5–10 years: analysis of national longitudinal data

    A growing body of literature highlights that racial discrimination has negative impacts on child health, although most studies have been limited to an examination of direct forms of racism using cross-sectiona...

    Carrington C.J. Shepherd, Jianghong Li, Matthew N. Cooper, Katrina D. Hopkins and Brad M. Farrant

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:116

    Published on: 3 July 2017

  16. Research

    Area-level socioeconomic deprivation and mortality differentials in Thailand: results from principal component analysis and cluster analysis

    Despite achievement of universal health coverage in Thailand, socioeconomic inequality in health has been a major policy concern. This study examined mortality patterns across different socioeconomic strata in...

    Suchunya Aungkulanon, Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Kenji Shibuya, Kanitta Bundhamcharoen and Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:117

    Published on: 3 July 2017

  17. Systematic review

    Development of village doctors in China: financial compensation and health system support

    Since 1968, China has trained about 1.5 million barefoot doctors in a few years’ time to provide basic health services to 0.8 billion rural population. China’s Ministry of Health stopped using the term of bare...

    Dan Hu, Weiming Zhu, Yaqun Fu, Minmin Zhang, Yang Zhao, Kara Hanson, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez and Xiaoyun Liu

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:9

    Published on: 1 July 2017

  18. Research

    The effect of health literacy and self-management efficacy on the health-related quality of life of hypertensive patients in a western rural area of China: a cross-sectional study

    Hypertension is a common and frequently occurring chronic disease of the cardiovascular system. Besides the pathological factors, the occurrence and exacerbation of hypertension are also associated with many f...

    Chenli Wang, Juntao Lang, Lixia Xuan, Xuemei Li and Liang Zhang

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:58

    Published on: 1 July 2017

  19. Research

    Catastrophic healthcare expenditure and its inequality for households with hypertension: evidence from the rural areas of Shaanxi Province in China

    China has been undergoing tremendous demographic and epidemiological transitions during the past three decades and increasing burden from non-communicable diseases and an ageing population have presented great...

    Yafei Si, Zhongliang Zhou, Min Su, Meng Ma, Yongjian Xu and Jesse Heitner

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:27

    Published on: 1 July 2017

  20. Research

    Strengthening health system to improve immunization for migrants in China

    Immunization is the most cost-effective method to prevent and control vaccine-preventable diseases. Migrant population in China has been rising rapidly, and their immunization status is poor. China has tried v...

    Hai Fang, Li Yang, Huyang Zhang, Chenyang Li, Liankui Wen, Li Sun, Kara Hanson and Qingyue Meng

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:19

    Published on: 1 July 2017

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