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  1. Content type: Research

    Distribution equity assessment of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners is an important dimension of access to health technology. However, limited studies on the subject have b...

    Authors: Luyang He, Hao Yu, Lizheng Shi, Yao He, Jingsong Geng, Yan Wei, Hui Sun and Yingyao Chen

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:157

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  2. Content type: Research

    Regulation of private health care providers (PHPs) in middle-income countries can be challenging. Mandatory safety and quality standards for PHPs have been in place in the Republic of Srpska since 2012, but no...

    Authors: Severin Rakic, Budimka Novakovic, Sinisa Stevic and Jelena Niskanovic

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:92

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  3. Content type: Research

    Governments increasingly recognize the need to engage non-state providers (NSPs) in health systems in order to move successfully towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC). One common approach to engaging NSPs is...

    Authors: Stephen Maluka, Dereck Chitama, Esther Dungumaro, Crecensia Masawe, Krishna Rao and Zubin Shroff

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:118

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  4. Content type: Research

    In 2002 Afghanistan’s Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) and its development partners initiated a new paradigm for the health sector by electing to Contract-Out (CO) the Basic Package of Health Services (BPHS) t...

    Authors: Ahmad Shah Salehi, Abdul Tawab Kawa Saljuqi, Nadia Akseer, Krishna Rao and Kathryn Coe

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:128

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  5. Content type: Research

    Faith-based non-profit (FBNP) providers have had a long-standing role as non-state, non-profit providers in the Ghanaian health system. They have historically been considered to be important in addressing the ...

    Authors: Annabel Grieve and Jill Olivier

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:97

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  6. Content type: Research

    Contracting-out (CO) to non-state providers is used widely to increase access to health care, but it entails many implementation challenges. Using Bangladesh’s two decades of experience with contracting out Ur...

    Authors: Rubana Islam, Shahed Hossain, Farzana Bashar, Shaan Muberra Khan, Adel A. S. Sikder, Sifat Shahana Yusuf and Alayne M. Adams

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:93

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  7. Content type: Research

    Formal engagement with non-state providers (NSP) is an important strategy in many low-and-middle-income countries for extending coverage of publicly financed health services. The series of country studies revi...

    Authors: Krishna D. Rao, Ligia Paina, Marie-Gloriose Ingabire and Zubin C. Shroff

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:127

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  8. Content type: Research

    A case study was prepared examining government resource contributions (GRCs) to private-not-for-profit (PNFP) providers in Uganda. It focuses on Primary Health Care (PHC) grants to the largest non-profit provi...

    Authors: Aloysius Ssennyonjo, Justine Namakula, Ronald Kasyaba, Sam Orach, Sara Bennett and Freddie Ssengooba

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:130

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  9. Content type: Research

    The general practitioner contracting initiative (GPCI) is a health systems strengthening initiative piloted in the first phase of national health insurance (NHI) implementation in South Africa as it progresses...

    Authors: Linda Mureithi, James Michael Burnett, Adam Bertscher and René English

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:107

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  10. Content type: Editorial

    This editorial provides an overview of the special issue “Moving towards UHC: engaging non-state providers”. It begins by describing the rationale underlying the Alliance’s choice of a research program address...

    Authors: Zubin Cyrus Shroff, Krishna Dipankar Rao, Sara Bennett, Ligia Paina, Marie-Gloriose Ingabire and Abdul Ghaffar

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:135

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  11. Content type: Research

    Indigenous peoples globally experience a disproportionate burden of mental illness due to forced policies and practices of colonization and cultural disruption. The objective of this study was to provide a bas...

    Authors: Josée G. Lavoie, Amanda Ward, Sabrina T. Wong, Naser Ibrahim, Darrien Morton, John D. O’Neil and Michael Green

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:156

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  12. Content type: Research

    The health care sector has a significant role to play in fostering equity in the context of widening global social and health inequities. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the process and impacts of i...

    Authors: Annette J. Browne, Colleen Varcoe, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, C. Nadine Wathen, Victoria Smye, Beth E. Jackson, Bruce Wallace, Bernadette (Bernie) Pauly, Carol P. Herbert, Josée G. Lavoie, Sabrina T. Wong and Amelie Blanchet Garneau

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:154

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  13. Content type: Research

    There is an established body of evidence linking systems of social protection to health systems and health outcomes. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) provide further emphasis on this linkage as necessa...

    Authors: Mary Qiu, Nasreen Jessani and Sara Bennett

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:155

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  14. Content type: Systematic review

    Indigenous Australians carry a greater burden of cardiovascular disease than other Australians. A variety of programs has been implemented with the broad aim of improving Indigenous cardiovascular health, howe...

    Authors: Vainess Mbuzi, Paul Fulbrook and Melanie Jessup

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:153

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  15. Content type: Research

    Sexual assault remains a major threat to public health, affecting every gender, gender identity and sexual orientation. Following the Belgian ratification of the Istanbul Convention in 2016, the feasibility of...

    Authors: Bavo Hendriks, Anke Marie-Josée Aimé Vandenberghe, Laura Peeters, Kristien Roelens and Ines Keygnaert

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:152

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  16. Content type: Research

    From 2013, the Zambian Corrections Service (ZCS) worked with partners to strengthen prison health systems and services. One component of that work led to the establishment of facility-based Prison Health Committe...

    Authors: Stephanie M. Topp, Anjali Sharma, Chisela Chileshe, George Magwende, German Henostroza and Clement N. Moonga

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:74

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  17. Content type: Research

    Medical specialization is a key feature of biomedicine, and is a growing, but weakly understood aspect of health systems in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), including India. Emergency medicine is...

    Authors: Veena Sriram, Asha George, Rama Baru and Sara Bennett

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:142

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  18. Content type: Research

    User fees and poor quality of care contribute to low use of healthcare services in Burkina Faso. The government implemented an innovative intervention that combines equity measures with performance-based finan...

    Authors: Anne-Marie Turcotte-Tremblay, Manuela De Allegri, Idriss Ali Gali-Gali and Valéry Ridde

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:109

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  19. Content type: Research

    Multiple structural, contextual and individual factors determine social disadvantage and affect health experience. There is limited understanding, however, of how this complex system works to shape access to h...

    Authors: Anuj Kapilashrami and Sara Marsden

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:83

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  20. Content type: Research

    Current evidence highlights that language discordant clinical encounters seriously compromise patient quality of care and health outcomes. We aimed to characterise patterns of interpreter service use in medica...

    Authors: Jennifer White, Trish Plompen, Christian Osadnik, Leanne Tao, Emily Micallef and Terry Haines

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:151

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  21. Content type: Research

    Over the past 15 years, several efforts have been made by the Government of India to improve maternal health, primarily through providing cash incentives to increase institutional child birth and strengthen se...

    Authors: Sana Q. Contractor, Abhijit Das, Jashodhara Dasgupta and Sara Van Belle

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:134

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  22. Content type: Research

    This paper aims to provide insights into the role of traditional authorities in two maternal health programmes in Northern Malawi. Among strategies to improve maternal health, these authorities issue by-laws: ...

    Authors: Elsbet Lodenstein, Kyra Pedersen, Kondwani Botha, Jacqueline E. W. Broerse and Marjolein Dieleman

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:131

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  23. Content type: Commentary

    Qualitative approaches are one of several methodologies utilised within the social sciences. New developments within qualitative methods are widening the opportunities for using qualitative evidence to inform ...

    Authors: Simon Lewin and Claire Glenton

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:126

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  24. Content type: Editorial

    This Special Issue represents a critical response to the frequent silencing of qualitative social science research approaches in mainstream public health journals, particularly in those that inform the field o...

    Authors: Stephanie M. Topp, Kerry Scott, Ana Lorena Ruano and Karen Daniels

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:145

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  25. Content type: Research

    Regulation of the medical tourism and public health sectors overlap in many instances, raising questions of how patient safety, economic growth, and health equity can be protected. The case of Guatemala is use...

    Authors: Ronald Labonté, Valorie A. Crooks, Alejandro Cerón Valdés, Vivien Runnels and Jeremy Snyder

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:150

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  26. Content type: Research

    Health inequity has mainly been linked to differences in economic status, with the poor facing greater challenges accessing healthcare than the less poor. To extend financial coverage to the poor and vulnerabl...

    Authors: Evelyn Kabia, Rahab Mbau, Kelly W. Muraya, Rosemary Morgan, Sassy Molyneux and Edwine Barasa

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:149

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  27. Content type: Research

    The importance of strong and transformative leadership is recognised as essential to the building of resilient and responsive health systems. In this regard, Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 5 prioritises a...

    Authors: Maylene Shung-King, Lucy Gilson, Chinyere Mbachu, Sassy Molyneux, Kelly W. Muraya, Nkoli Uguru and Veloshnee Govender

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:148

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  28. Content type: Research

    HIV and non-communicable disease (NCD) are syndemic within sub-Saharan Africa especially among older persons. The two epidemics interact with one another within a context of poverty, inequality and inequitable...

    Authors: Lucia Knight, Enid Schatz and Ferdinand C. Mukumbang

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:147

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  29. Content type: Research

    Access to food is a basic necessity, and food insecurity may impair the individual’s well-being and health. Self-rated health measurements have frequently been used to assess population health. Little is known...

    Authors: Wilton Pérez, Mariela Contreras, Rodolfo Peña, Elmer Zelaya, Lars-Åke Persson and Carina Källestål

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:146

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  30. Content type: Research

    With the rise of the aging population, it is particularly important for health services to be used fairly and reasonably in the elderly. This study aimed to assess the present inequality and horizontal inequit...

    Authors: Xianzhi Fu, Nan Sun, Fei Xu, Jin Li, Qixin Tang, Junjian He, Dongdong Wang and Changqing Sun

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:144

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  31. Content type: Research

    Improving the wellbeing of Indigenous populations is an international priority. Robust research conducted with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples is key to developing programs and policies to improv...

    Authors: Katherine Ann Thurber, Anna Olsen, Jill Guthrie, Rachael McCormick, Andrew Hunter, Roxanne Jones, Bobby Maher, Cathy Banwell, Rochelle Jones, Bianca Calabria and Raymond Lovett

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:143

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  32. Content type: Research

    Health systems globally are under pressure to ensure value for money, and the people working within the system determine the extent and nature of health services provided. A performance assessment (PA); an imp...

    Authors: Nonhlanhla Nxumalo, Jane Goudge, Lucy Gilson and John Eyles

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:141

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Many low and middle income countries are implementing reforms to support Universal Health Coverage (UHC). Perhaps one of the most ambitious examples of this is Indonesia’s national health scheme known as the J...

    Authors: Virginia Wiseman, Hasbullah Thabrany, Augustine Asante, Manon Haemmerli, Soewarta Kosen, Lucy Gilson, Anne Mills, Andrew Hayen, Viroj Tangcharoensathien and Walaiporn Patcharanarumol

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:138

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  34. Content type: Research

    Pre- and perinatal nutritional status defines the development of adult metabolism and energy balance in humans. Young children in poor households are disproportionately more vulnerable to food insecurity given...

    Authors: Ethel Alderete, Lauren Sonderegger and Eliseo J. Pérez-Stable

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:139

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  35. Content type: Research

    China’s New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) enables insured citizens to enjoy the same benefit package by paying a flat-rate premium. However, it still remains uncertain whether economically disadvantaged en...

    Authors: Sha Lai, Chi Shen, Yongjian Xu, Xiaowei Yang, Yafei Si, Jianmin Gao, Zhongliang Zhou and Gang Chen

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:137

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  36. Content type: Research

    In the 2011 Rio Political Declaration on Social Determinants of Health, World Health Organization (WHO) Member States pledged action in five areas crucial for addressing health inequities. Their pledges referr...

    Authors:

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:136

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  37. Content type: Correction

    Unfortunately, after publication of this article [1], it was noticed that a value in Table 2 is incorrect.

    Authors: Tianxiang Chen, Ying Wang, Xiaoyi Luo, Yuxuan Rao and Lei Hua

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:133

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    The original article was published in International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:108

  38. Content type: Annotated bibliography

    The health status of a population is the conjunction of many biological, political and social factors. The biological representations of diseases are attributed to factors, such as ischemic heart disease, that...

    Authors: Ana María González-Villoria and Roberto Ariel Abeldaño Zuñiga

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:132

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  39. Content type: Research

    Equity of usage of maternal services during conflict is considered key to reducing maternal health risks globally. However, evidence showing how conflict affects maternal care use among different population gr...

    Authors: Saji Saraswathy Gopalan, Richard Silverwood and Natasha Howard

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:129

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  40. Content type: Research

    Efforts to work with civil society to strengthen community participation and action for health are particularly important in Gujarat, India, given that the state has resources and capacity, but faces challenge...

    Authors: Asha S. George, Diwakar Mohan, Jaya Gupta, Amnesty E. LeFevre, Subhasri Balakrishnan, Rajani Ved and Renu Khanna

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:125

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  41. Content type: Research

    Health care provision in rural and urban areas faces different challenges. In Sweden, health care provision has been predominantly public and equitable access to care has been pursued mainly through public pla...

    Authors: Linn Kullberg, Paula Blomqvist and Ulrika Winblad

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:123

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  42. Content type: Research

    Childhood immunization is one of the most cost-effective interventions for child health. Still, many children are not able to receive completed immunization status. Wealth – related inequality in immunization ...

    Authors: Owais Raza, Fahad Saqib Lodhi, Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae and Reza Majdzadeh

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:122

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  43. Content type: Research

    Psychosocial factors shape the health of older adults through complex inter-relating pathways. Besides socioeconomic factors, time use activities may explain gender inequality in self-reported health. This stu...

    Authors: Nicholas Kofi Adjei, Kenisha Russell Jonsson and Tilman Brand

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:121

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  44. Content type: Research

    In Malaysia, refugees and asylum-seekers are a vulnerable group that often face circumstances in which their health and wellbeing can be compromised. This qualitative study sought to examine the key health con...

    Authors: Fiona Leh Hoon Chuah, Sok Teng Tan, Jason Yeo and Helena Legido-Quigley

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:120

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  45. Content type: Research

    In Bangladesh, India and Nepal, neonatal outcomes of poor infants are considerably worse than those of better-off infants. Understanding how these inequalities vary by country and place of delivery (home or fa...

    Authors: Erik de Jonge, Kishwar Azad, Munir Hossen, Abdul Kuddus, Dharma S. Manandhar, Ellen van de Poel, Swati Sarbani Roy, Naomi Saville, Aman Sen, Catherine Sikorski, Prasanta Tripathy, Anthony Costello and Tanja A. J. Houweling

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:119

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  46. Content type: Systematic review

    Indigenous peoples of the United States disproportionately experience chronic diseases associated with poor nutrition, including obesity and diabetes. While chronic disease related health disparities among Ind...

    Authors: Jinan Banna and Andrea Bersamin

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:116

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  47. Content type: Commentary

    Life expectancy initially improves rapidly with economic development but then tails off. Yet, at any level of economic development, some countries do better, and some worse, than expected – they either punch a...

    Authors: Fran Baum, Jennie Popay, Toni Delany-Crowe, Toby Freeman, Connie Musolino, Carlos Alvarez-Dardet, Vinya Ariyaratne, Kedar Baral, Paulin Basinga, Mary Bassett, David M. Bishai, Mickey Chopra, Sharon Friel, Elsa Giugliani, Hideki Hashimoto, James Macinko…

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:117

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