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  1. Women’s access to legal and safe abortion is a vital means to reduce unsafe abortion, which in turn is known to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality. In 2005, Ethiopia enacted a relatively permissive aborti...

    Authors: Nega Jibat, Getnet Tadele, Haldis Haukanes and Astrid Blystad
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:127
  2. South Korea’s National Health Insurance (NHI) system pursues universal health coverage, but it has not been able to alleviate patients’ financial burden owing to limited coverage and a high proportion of out-o...

    Authors: Seokmin Ji, Munjae Lee, Mankyu Choi and Sewon Park
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:126
  3. Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias (ADRD) and Parkinson’s disease (PD), pose growing global health challenges. Socio-demographic and economic development acts paradoxically, complicating the process tha...

    Authors: Zixiang Ji, Qi Chen, Jing Yang, Jiazhe Hou, Hengjing Wu and Lijuan Zhang
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:125
  4. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a significant global health burden, particularly among people who inject drugs. Rapid point-of-care HCV testing has emerged as a promising approach to improve HCV detection...

    Authors: Guillaume Fontaine, Justin Presseau, Julie Bruneau, Cole Etherington, Isabella M. Thomas, Jui-Hsia Cleo Hung, Zack van Allen, Andrea M. Patey, Ayesha Kareem, Sameh Mortazhejri, Stine Bordier Høj, Geneviève Boyer-Legault and Jeremy M. Grimshaw
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:124
  5. Although it is widely acknowledged that access to civil justice (ATJ) is a key social determinant of health (SDOH), the existing literature lacks empirical evidence supporting ATJ as a SDOH for specific dimens...

    Authors: Eddy Hin Chung Fung and Dong Dong
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:123
  6. The incidence of rabies exposure is high and increasing in China, leading to an urgent demand of rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) clinics for the injured. However, the spatial accessibility and inequalit...

    Authors: Jianguo Zhao, Min Luo, Xiaohua Tan, Zhihua Zhu, Meng Zhang, Jun Liu, Wenqing Lin, Yuwei Yang, Xing Li, Weilin Zeng, Dexin Gong, Zuhua Rong, Zitong Huang, Wenyuan Zheng, Huijie Guo, Siqing Zeng…
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:122
  7. After the military coup in Myanmar in February 2021, the health system began to disintegrate when staff who called for the restoration of the democratic government resigned and fled to states controlled by eth...

    Authors: April Poe, Emily, Aurora, Hein Thura Aung, Alfred Saw Ei Reh, Brianna Grissom, Cynthie Tinoo and Daniel B. Fishbein
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:121
  8. The occurrence of multimorbidity and its impacts have differentially affected population subgroups. Evidence on its incidence has mainly come from high-income regions, with limited exploration of racial dispar...

    Authors: Fernanda Esthefane Garrides Oliveira, Rosane Härter Griep, Dora Chor, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Maria del Carmen Bisi Molina, Luciana A. C. Machado, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca and Leonardo Soares Bastos
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:120
  9. Involvement in healthcare decisions is associated with better health outcomes for patients. For children and adolescents with intellectual disability, parents and healthcare professionals need to balance liste...

    Authors: Jenny Downs, Jessica Keeley, Rachel Skoss, Jaquie Mills, Thom Nevill, Alice Schippers, Olivia Lindly and Sandra Thompson
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:119
  10. Culturally sensitive care is integral to effective and equitable healthcare delivery, necessitating an understanding and acknowledgment of patients’ cultural needs, preferences, and expectations. This study in...

    Authors: Robin Vandecasteele, Lenzo Robijn, Peter A. J. Stevens, Sara Willems and Stéphanie De Maesschalck
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:118
  11. The provision of diversity-sensitive care is a promising approach towards reducing health disparities. Recent criticism and a scientific gap demonstrate the need for the patient perspective on diversity-sensit...

    Authors: Ewout Daniël Lieven Lauwers, Robin Vandecasteele, Michael McMahon, Stéphanie De Maesschalck and Sara Willems
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:117
  12. PCSK9 inhibitors are a novel class of lipid-lowering drugs that have demonstrated favorable efficacy and safety. Evolocumab and alirocumab have been added to China’s National Reimbursement Drug List through th...

    Authors: Lingli Zhang, Xiaoye Wang, Hongting Yao, Baolong Ding, Xingyuan Gao and Xin Li
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:116
  13. Since 2020, China has implemented an innovative payment method called Diagnosis-Intervention Packet (DIP) in 71 cities nationwide. This study aims to assess the impact of DIP on medical expenditure, efficiency...

    Authors: Kunhe Lin, Yunfei Li, Yifan Yao, Yingbei Xiong and Li Xiang
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:115
  14. The intensive care unit presents structural complexities, and the prevailing power imbalance between patients and staff can lead to health disparities. Hence, unveiling the underlying factors that give rise to...

    Authors: Sajad Yarahmadi, Mohsen Soleimani, Mohammad Gholami, Ali Fakhr-Movahedi and Seyed Mohsen Saeidi Madani
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:114
  15. Supplemental private health insurance (PHI) plays a crucial role in complementing China’s social health insurance (SHI). However, the effectiveness of incorporating PHI as supplementary coverage lacks conclusi...

    Authors: Fengsai Bie, Xiaoling Yan, Wuqi Qiu, Ayan Mao, Yueli Meng, Min Cai, Renke Yang and Yaoguang Zhang
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:113
  16. Inequities in access to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine are becoming a growing critical issue globally. Few studies investigate the factors determining HPV vaccine uptake disparities when vaccine supply is ...

    Authors: Xiaomin Wang, Jiayi Pan, Bo Yan, Ran Zhang, Tianchi Yang and Xudong Zhou
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:112
  17. Globally, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are increasingly the primary cause of mortality and morbidity among women. Like many developing countries, Bangladesh also faces a growing burden of NCDs. The “Multis...

    Authors: Sadika Akhter, Mohammed Kamruzzaman, Iqbal Anwar, Mahmud Shaila Banu, Daniel D Reidpath and Adrian J Cameron
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:110
  18. The work of the WHO Commission on the Social Determinants of Health has been fundamental to provide a conceptual framework of the social determinants of health. Based on this framework, this study assesses the...

    Authors: Antonio Sanhueza, Daniel A. Cueva, Oscar J. Mujica, Patricia Soliz and Pablo Duran
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:109
  19. Accommodating chronic care into the everyday lives of individuals diagnosed with non-communicable chronic conditions often poses significant challenges. Several studies in public health literature that address...

    Authors: Nilanjan Bhor and P Omkar Nadh
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:108
  20. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are high on the priority list of the Kerala government, and exploring the extent to which transgender and gender diverse (TGD) community members benefit from the services of na...

    Authors: Bhavya Fernandez and Rakhal Gaitonde
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:107
  21. Healthcare workers (HCWs) in the United Kingdom (UK) have faced many challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic, some of these arising out of their social positions. Existing literature explicating these challeng...

    Authors: Mayuri Gogoi, Irtiza Qureshi, Jonathan Chaloner, Amani Al-Oraibi, Holly Reilly, Fatimah Wobi, Joy Oghogho Agbonmwandolor, Winifred Ekezie, Osama Hassan, Zainab Lal, Anuj Kapilashrami, Laura Nellums and Manish Pareek
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:105
  22. Rabies is a neglected tropical disease endemic in 150 countries, including India where it is present in all states and union territories except Andaman and Nicobar Islands Lakshadweep. Kerala reports high inci...

    Authors: Zinia T. Nujum, Pillaveetil Sathyadas Indu, Jeena Ramesh, Rekha Rachel Philip, Smitha S., Seena. A. R., Laila Raji N. and N. A. Balaram
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:104
  23. While healthcare policy has fostered implementation strategies to improve inclusion and access of under-served groups to clinical care, systemic and structural elements still disproportionately prevent service...

    Authors: Sofia Hemrage, Stephen Parkin, Nicola J. Kalk, Naina Shah, Paolo Deluca and Colin Drummond
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:103
  24. While insurance is integral for accessing healthcare in the US, coverage alone may not ensure access, especially for those publicly insured. Access barriers for Medicaid-insured patients are rooted in social d...

    Authors: Jessica Faiz, Mariah Blegen, Vanessa Nuñez, Daniel Gonzalez, Daniel C. Stokes, Kevin Truong, Gery Ryan, Medell Briggs-Malonson and Katherine L. Kahn
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:102
  25. More than half of the people with Tuberculosis (TB) symptoms in India seek care from the private sector. People with TB getting treatment from private sector in India are considered to be at a higher risk for ...

    Authors: P. S. Rakesh and Mohd Shannawaz
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:101
  26. Young people (aged 10 to 24 years) in sub-Saharan Africa bear a huge and disproportionate burden of poor sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes due to inequalities and discrimination in accessing sexua...

    Authors: Chibuike Innocent Agu, Ozioma Nwankpa, Chinazom N. Ekwueme, Ifunanya Clara Agu, Chinyere Ojiugo Mbachu, Nkoli Ezumah and Obinna Onwujekwe
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:100
  27. Almost one third of people affected by leprosy in Colombia suffer from disability, which often results from delayed diagnosis and treatment. We aimed to explore the experience of people affected by leprosy dur...

    Authors: Martha Cecilia Barbosa Ladino, Camila Jiménez Betancourth, Lucrecia Vásquez Acevedo, Melanie Haag, Janina Zirkel, Eva-Maria Schwienhorst-Stich, Miriam Navarro, Christa Kasang, Ildikó Gágyor and Sandra Parisi
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:98
  28. Unequal access to primary healthcare (PHC) has become a critical issue in global health inequalities, requiring governments to implement policies tailored to communities’ needs and abilities. However, the plac...

    Authors: Lu Shan, Yingying Gan, Xiang Yan, Shuping Wang, Yue Yin and Xiaofan Wu
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:97
  29. Despite the resources and personnel mobilized in Latin America and the Caribbean to reduce the maternal mortality ratio (MMR, maternal deaths per 100 000 live births) in women aged 10–54 years by 75% between 2...

    Authors: Rocío Sáenz, Gustavo Nigenda, Ingrid Gómez-Duarte, Karol Rojas, Arachu Castro and Edson Serván-Mori
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:96
  30. The study aims to evaluate the hospitalization diagnoses and nursing diagnoses of the refugee and local population hospitalized in internal medicine clinics, which are especially important in the early diagnos...

    Authors: Neşe Kıskaç, Mahruk Rashidi, Gülay Yıldırım, Abdulkadir Çelik, Burcu Hacıoğlu, Aslı Genç, Sultan Çakmak and Buse Saygın Şahin
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:95
  31. The COVID-19 pandemic has reignited a commitment from the health policy and health services research communities to rebuilding trust in healthcare and created a renewed appetite for measures of trust for syste...

    Authors: Samantha B. Meyer, Patrick Brown, Michael Calnan, Paul R. Ward, Jerrica Little, Gustavo S. Betini, Christopher M. Perlman, Kathleen E. Burns and Eric Filice
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:94
  32. Health disparities, starkly exposed and exacerbated by coronavirus disease 2019, pose a significant challenge to healthcare system access and health outcomes. Integrating health inequalities into health techno...

    Authors: Lydia Vinals, Amruta Radhakrishnan and Grammati Sarri
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:93
  33. Family caregivers are vital for long-term care for persons with serious health-related suffering in Kerala. Long-term caregiving and ageing may become burdensome and detrimental to patients and caregivers. We ...

    Authors: Arsha Kochuvilayil and Ravi Prasad Varma
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:92
  34. Primary health care (PHC) has increased in global relevance as it has been demonstrated to be a useful strategy to promote community access to health services. Multilateral organizations and national governmen...

    Authors: Daniel Maceira, Rolando Enrique Peñaloza Quintero, Patricia Suarez and Laura Vanessa Peña Peña
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:91
  35. There is a growing interest in employing community wellness worker models in Indigenous populations to address inequities in healthcare access and outcomes, concerns about shortage in health and mental health ...

    Authors: Kayla M. Fitzpatrick, Erynne Sjoblom, Giulia Puinean, Heath Robson, Sandra M. Campbell, Bryan Fayant and Stephanie Montesanti
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:90
  36. Racism in the healthcare system has become a burgeoning focus in health policy-making and research. Existing research has shown both interpersonal and structural forms of racism limiting access to quality heal...

    Authors: Sibille Merz, Tuğba Aksakal, Ariam Hibtay, Hilâl Yücesoy, Jana Fieselmann, Kübra Annaç, Yüce Yılmaz-Aslan, Patrick Brzoska and Hürrem Tezcan-Güntekin
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:89
  37. Internally displaced people (IDP) in Iraq are 1.2 million (as March 2023). Protracted refugee status endangers the mental health, especially of minorities who survived persecution and conflict, such as the Yaz...

    Authors: Roberto Benoni, Chiara Giacomelli, Giuditta Vegro, Faroq Hamo, Riccardo Avesani, Pietro Albi, Michela Gatta and Francesca Moretti
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:88
  38. This study takes on the challenge of quantifying a complex causal loop diagram describing how poverty and health affect each other, and does so using longitudinal data from The Netherlands. Furthermore, this p...

    Authors: Laurens Reumers, Niels Hameleers, Henk Hilderink, Marleen Bekker, Maria Jansen and Dirk Ruwaard
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:87
  39. The use of digital technologies to deliver primary health care has increased over the past decade. While some technologies have been shown to be medically effective and efficient, the effects of digital primar...

    Authors: Jens Wilkens, Hans Thulesius and Björn Ekman
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:86
  40. In Colombia, health care for people with trans life experiences is characterised by countless barriers to health services and care. Commonly, trans people have experienced stigma and discrimination among healt...

    Authors: Juan Carlos Zapata Mayor and Paula Andrea Hoyos Hernández
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:85
  41. Liver disease is an important contributor to the mortality gap between First Nations Peoples and non-Indigenous Australian adults. Despite a high burden of metabolic comorbidities among First Nations Peoples, ...

    Authors: Patricia C. Valery, Shruti Roche, Catherine Brown, James O’Beirne, Gunter Hartel, Barbara Leggett, Richard Skoien and Elizabeth E. Powell
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:84
  42. People living with HIV (PLWH) are at increased risk of cardiometabolic disorders (CMD). Adequate access to care for both HIV and CMD is crucial to improving health outcomes; however, there is limited research ...

    Authors: Everlyne G. Ogugu, Julie T. Bidwell, Allison Ruark, Rita M. Butterfield, Sheri D. Weiser, Torsten B. Neilands, Nancy Mulauzi, Ethel Rambiki, James Mkandawire and Amy A. Conroy
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:83
  43. In South Korea, Korean Chinese workers experience ethnic discrimination although they share physical similarities and ethnic heritage with native-born Koreans. This study aimed to examine whether perceived eth...

    Authors: Hayoung Lee, Ji-Hwan Kim, Garin Lee, Hyelin Lee, Mita Huq, Delanjathan Devakumar and Seung-Sup Kim
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:82
  44. Improving equity and early access to palliative care for underserved populations in Canada is a priority. Little is known regarding access to palliative and end-of-life care in the Black population.

    Authors: Nahyeni Bassah, Julia Beranek, Megan Kennedy, Juliet Onabadejo and Anna Santos Salas
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:81
  45. Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) access is critical to public health and human dignity. People who inject drugs (PWID) experience stigma and structural violence that may limit WASH access. Few studies hav...

    Authors: Alhelí Calderón-Villarreal, Lourdes Johanna Avelar Portillo, Daniela Abramovitz, Shira Goldenberg, Shawn Flanigan, Penelope J. E. Quintana, Alicia Harvey-Vera, Carlos F. Vera, Gudelia Rangel, Steffanie A. Strathdee and Georgia L. Kayser
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:79
  46. Kenya aims to achieve universal health coverage (UHC) by 2030 and has selected the National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) as the ‘vehicle’ to drive the UHC agenda. While there is some progress in moving the cou...

    Authors: Jacob Kazungu, Angela K. Moturi, Samson Kuhora, Julia Ouko, Matthew Quaife, Justice Nonvignon and Edwine Barasa
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:78

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