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  1. Measurement of patients’ healthcare experiences is increasingly used as an indicator of quality of care, but there are concerns that existing measures omit information that is meaningful to patients and that r...

    Authors: Monica Green, Joan Cunningham, Kate Anderson, Kalinda Griffiths and Gail Garvey

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:100

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Health social enterprises are experimenting with community health worker (CHW) models that allow for various income-generating opportunities to motivate and incentivize CHWs. Although evidence shows that impro...

    Authors: Kevin McKague, Sarah Harrison and Jenipher Musoke

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:98

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Melissa Perri, Amy Craig-Neil, Mark Gaspar, Charlotte Hunter, Claire Kendall, Ower Alexander and Andrew D. Pinto

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:97

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:36

  4. Providing an enabling environment for breastfeeding is hampered by the inequitable implementation of paid maternity leave, primarily due to perceived or actual financial costs. To estimate the real cost of pai...

    Authors: Adiatma Y. M. Siregar, Pipit Pitriyan, Donny Hardiawan, Paul Zambrano and Roger Mathisen

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:95

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  5. Latin America, with its culturally and ethnically diverse populations, its burgeoning economies, high levels of violence, growing political instability, and its striking levels of inequality, is a region that ...

    Authors: Ana Lorena Ruano, Daniela Rodríguez, Pablo Gaitán Rossi and Daniel Maceira

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:94

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on:

  6. Primary Health Care (PHC) is the entry point to accessing health services in many countries. Having a high proportion of the population enrolled with a PHC provider is key to ensuring PHC fulfils this role and...

    Authors: Maite Irurzun-Lopez, Mona Jeffreys and Jacqueline Cumming

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:93

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  7. The United Kingdom has one of the lowest breastfeeding rates in Europe, with the initiation and continuation of breastfeeding shown to be closely related to the mothers’ age, ethnicity and social class. Whilst...

    Authors: Erica Jane Cook, Faye Powell, Nasreen Ali, Catrin Penn-Jones, Bertha Ochieng and Gurch Randhawa

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:92

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. COVID-19 has an inevitable burden on public health, potentially widening the gender gap in healthcare and the economy. We aimed to assess gender-based desparities during COVID-19 in Jordan in terms of health i...

    Authors: Mohammad Abufaraj, Zaid Eyadat, Mohammed Qussay Al-sabbagh, Abdullah Nimer, Immanuel Azaad Moonesar, Lin Yang, Walid Al Khatib and Ra’eda Al-Qutob

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:91

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. This study aims to assess the COVID-19 response preparedness of the Mozambican health system by 1) determining the location of oxygen-ready public health facilities, 2) estimating the oxygen treatment capacity...

    Authors: Langan Denhard, Parisa Kaviany, Sérgio Chicumbe, Cláudio Muianga, Guitunga Laisse, Kyle Aune and Ashley Sheffel

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:90

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. Parents of children following traumatic medical events (TMEs) are known to be at high risk for developing severe post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Findings on the negative impact of TMEs on parents’ PTSS ...

    Authors: Sewar Hussein, Yaara Sadeh, Rachel Dekel, Efrat Shadmi, Amichai Brezner, Jana Landa and Tamar Silberg

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:89

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. Nearly 90,000 under-five children die from diarrhoea annually in Nigeria. Over 90% of the deaths can be prevented with oral rehydration salt (ORS) and zinc treatment but coverage nationally was less than 34% f...

    Authors: Tiwadayo Braimoh, Isaac Danat, Mohammed Abubakar, Obinna Ajeroh, Melinda Stanley, Owens Wiwa, Marta Rose Prescott and Felix Lam

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:88

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  12. Sex and gender have been shown to influence health literacy, health seeking behaviour, and health outcomes. However, research examining the links between gender and health has mainly focused on women’s health,...

    Authors: Thierry Beia, Karina Kielmann and Karin Diaconu

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:87

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  13. Our research summarized policy disparities in response to the first wave of COVID-19 between China and Germany. We look forward to providing policy experience for other countries still in severe epidemics.

    Authors: Yuyao Zhang, Leiyu Shi, Haiqian Chen, Xiaohan Wang and Gang Sun

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:86

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. Estimates of catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) are counterintuitive to researchers, policy makers, and developmental partners due to data and methodological limitation. While inferences drawn from use of c...

    Authors: Sanjay K. Mohanty and Laxmi Kant Dwivedi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:85

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. In Spain, homeless individuals have lower perceived quality of health than the rest of the population and their life expectancy is 30 years lower than the national average. While the Spanish health system prov...

    Authors: Andrés Cernadas and Ángela Fernández

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:84

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. There are inequalities in breastfeeding initiation and continuation rates, whereby socio-economically disadvantaged mothers are least likely to breastfeed. Breastfeeding peer support (BPS) interventions are re...

    Authors: Louise Hunt, Gill Thomson, Karen Whittaker and Fiona Dykes

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:83

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Despite there is growing evidence focusing on health inequalities in China, socioeconomic inequalities in cognitive impairment among older adults have received little attention. This study aims to measure soci...

    Authors: Qingwen Deng and Wenbin Liu

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:82

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. The advent of highly tolerable and efficacious direct-acting antiviral (DAA) medications has transformed the hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment landscape. Yet, people who inject drugs (PWID) – a population with...

    Authors: Trevor Goodyear, Helen Brown, Annette J. Browne, Peter Hoong, Lianping Ti and Rod Knight

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:81

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. Variation in health care delivery among regions and hospitals has been observed worldwide and reported to have resulted in health inequalities. Regional variation of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) wa...

    Authors: Yunfei Li, Akira Babazono, Aziz Jamal, Takako Fujita, Shinichiro Yoshida and Sung-A Kim

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:80

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. The Great Recession, starting in 2008, was characterized by an overall reduction in living standards. This pushed several governments across Europe to restrict expenditures, also in the area of healthcare. The...

    Authors: Lore Torfs, Stef Adriaenssens, Susan Lagaert and Sara Willems

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:79

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. The importance of community involvement in the response against disease outbreaks has been well established. However, we lack insights into local communities’ experiences in coping with the current COVID-19 pa...

    Authors: Jef Vanhamel, Marie Meudec, Ella Van Landeghem, Maya Ronse, Charlotte Gryseels, Thijs Reyniers, Anke Rotsaert, Charles Ddungu, Lazare Manirankunda, Deogratias Katsuva, Koen Peeters Grietens and Christiana Nöstlinger

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:78

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. Global response to COVID-19 pandemic has inadvertently undermined the achievement of existing public health priorities and laregely overlooked local context. Recent evidence suggests that this will cause addit...

    Authors: Tanvir Ahmed, Ahmed Ehsanur Rahman, Taiwo Gboluwaga Amole, Hadiza Galadanci, Mushi Matjila, Priya Soma-Pillay, Bronwen M. Gillespie, Shams El Arifeen and Dilly O. C. Anumba

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:77

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  23. Social support services such as day care centres are important in post-diagnostic dementia care to enable people living with dementia stay at home for longer. Little research has addressed potential inequaliti...

    Authors: Clarissa Giebel, Kerry Hanna, Hilary Tetlow, Kym Ward, Justine Shenton, Jacqueline Cannon, Sarah Butchard, Aravind Komuravelli, Anna Gaughan, Ruth Eley, Carol Rogers, Manoj Rajagopal, Stan Limbert, Steve Callaghan, Rosie Whittington, Lisa Shaw…

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:76

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. In Canada, there is longstanding evidence of health inequities for racialized groups. The purpose of this study is to understand the effect of current health care policies and practices on racial/ethnic groups...

    Authors: Deb Finn Mahabir, Patricia O’Campo, Aisha Lofters, Ketan Shankardass, Christina Salmon and Carles Muntaner

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:74

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. In the U.S., strong ethnic/racial, socioeconomic, demographic, and geographic breastfeeding (BF) inequities persist, and African American and Hispanic women are less likely to meet their breastfeeding goals co...

    Authors: Sofia Segura-Pérez, Amber Hromi-Fiedler, Misikir Adnew, Kate Nyhan and Rafael Pérez-Escamilla

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:72

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  26. In Canada, 91% of all mothers initiate breastfeeding, but 40–50% stop by 6 months and only 34% breastfeed exclusively for 6 months, with lower rates among socially and/or economically vulnerable women. The Can...

    Authors: Jane Francis, Alison Mildon, Stacia Stewart, Bronwyn Underhill, Samantha Ismail, Erica Di Ruggiero, Valerie Tarasuk, Daniel W. Sellen and Deborah L. O’Connor

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:71

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Given the heightened rhetorical prominence the World Health Organization has afforded to equity in the past half-century, it is important to better understand how equity has been referred to and its conceptual...

    Authors: Michelle M. Amri, Geneviève Jessiman-Perreault, Arjumand Siddiqi, Patricia O’Campo, Theresa Enright and Erica Di Ruggiero

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:70

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  28. While the terms ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ represent distinct concepts, their influence may intersect as important determinants of health. Despite their influence in shaping individual health outcomes, there is often ...

    Authors: Allison Williams, Joonsoo Sean Lyeo, Sophie Geffros and Alexander Mouriopoulos

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:69

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  29. Indigenous people tend to exhibit a higher burden of disability than their non-Indigenous counterparts, and are often underserved by disability services. Engaging appropriately with Indigenous communities, fam...

    Authors: Angeline Ferdinand, Libby Massey, Jennifer Cullen, Jeromey Temple, Kristy Meiselbach, Yin Paradies, Gareth Baynam, Ravi Savarirayan and Margaret Kelaher

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:68

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child confirms a child’s right to adequate food, and to the highest attainable standard of health. For indigenous children, these rights are also recognised i...

    Authors: Christina McKerchar, Cameron Lacey, Gillian Abel and Louise Signal

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:67

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Fragmentation in health insurance system may lead to inequity in financial access to and utilization of health care services. One possible option to overcome this challenge is merging the existing health insur...

    Authors: Mohammad Bazyar, Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Arash Rashidian and Anahita Behzadi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:66

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  32. Physician-patient communication behavior (PPCB) is the primary process by which medical decision-making occurs and health outcome depends. Physician-patient communication differences may partly from the ethnic...

    Authors: Muhammad Zakaria, Rezaul Karim, Murshida Rahman, Feng Cheng and Junfang Xu

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:65

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Post-hospital discharge mortality risk is high among young children in many low and middle-income countries (LMICs). The available literature suggests that child, caregiver and health care provider gender all ...

    Authors: Md. Fakhar Uddin, Sassy Molyneux, Kui Muraya, Md. Alamgir Hossain, Md. Aminul Islam, Abu Sadat Mohammad Sayeem Bin Shahid, Scholastica M. Zakayo, Rita Wanjuki Njeru, Julie Jemutai, James A. Berkley, Judd L. Walson, Tahmeed Ahmed, Haribondhu Sarma and Mohammod Jobayer Chisti

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:64

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Despite substantial reductions in perinatal deaths (stillbirths and early neonatal deaths), India’s perinatal mortality rates remain high, both nationally and in individual states. Rates are highest among disa...

    Authors: Andrea K. Blanchard, Shahnaz Ansari, Rajni Rajput, Tim Colbourn, Tanja A. J. Houweling, Shajy Isac, John Anthony and Audrey Prost

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:63

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) among the Chinese elderly warrants attention. However, the incidence, intensity and determinants of CHE have not been fully investigated. This study explores the incidence...

    Authors: Shiai Liu, Peter C. Coyte, Mingqi Fu and Qilin Zhang

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:62

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Half of the people living in social exclusion in the Czech Republic are of Roma origin. The worse health of Roma could be partly explained by numerous barriers to accessing health care. Therefore, our study ai...

    Authors: Ivana Svobodova, Daniela Filakovska Bobakova, Lucia Bosakova and Zuzana Dankulincova Veselska

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:61

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Access to healthcare is critical for the implementation of Universal Health Coverage. With the development of healthcare insurance systems around the world, spatial impedance to healthcare institutions has att...

    Authors: Xiuli Wang, Barnabas C. Seyler, Wei Han and Jay Pan

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:60

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is a prestigious award given every year for ostensibly the most important discovery in the field. Prizes in Medicine have typically gone to honor foundational knowledg...

    Authors: Zachary M. Linneman and David J. Satin

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:59

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  39. Utilization of primary-care and specialist physicians seems to be associated differently with socioeconomic status (SES). This review aims to summarize and compare the evidence on socioeconomic inequalities in...

    Authors: Sara Lena Lueckmann, Jens Hoebel, Julia Roick, Jenny Markert, Jacob Spallek, Olaf von dem Knesebeck and Matthias Richter

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:58

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  40. Differential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic have brought deeply rooted inequities to the forefront, where increasing evidence has shown that racialized immigrant and migrant (im/migrant) populations face a d...

    Authors: Stefanie Machado and Shira Goldenberg

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:57

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  41. Over the past decade, social accountability for health has coalesced into a distinct field of research and practice. Whether explicitly stated or not, changed power relations are at the heart of what social ac...

    Authors: Marta Schaaf, Suzanne Cant, Joanna Cordero, Sana Contractor, Etobssie Wako and Cicely Marston

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:56

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  42. Inequitable gender norms, beliefs and behaviors, are shaped by learning experiences during key developmental stages in an individual’s life course, and can have negative impacts on health and well-being outcom...

    Authors: Megan Cherewick, Sarah Lebu, Christine Su, Lisa Richards, Prosper F. Njau and Ronald E. Dahl

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:55

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Intersectionality theory combined with an analysis of individual heterogeneity and discriminatory accuracy (AIHDA) can facilitate our understanding of health disparities. This enables the application of propor...

    Authors: Maria Wemrell, Nadja Karlsson, Raquel Perez Vicente and Juan Merlo

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:54

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. For people who experience social inequities and structural violence, pain and related care are inexorably linked to experiences of injustice and stigma. The purpose of this study was to examine in greater dept...

    Authors: Bruce Wallace, Colleen Varcoe, Cindy Holmes, Mehmoona Moosa-Mitha, Gregg Moor, Maria Hudspith and Kenneth D. Craig

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:53

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. China initiated a reform of the health insurance system in the late 1990s. The new insurance, Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance (UEBMI), is employment-based, which makes it more difficult than it used to ...

    Authors: Mei Zhou, Shaoyang Zhao and Zhi Zhao

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:52

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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