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  1. Social-economic factors have an important role in shaping inequality in congenital heart diseases. The current study aimed to assess and decompose the socio-economic inequality in Congenital Heart Diseases (CH...

    Authors: Mostafa Amini-Rarani, Sajad Vahedi, Maryam Borjali and Mehdi Nosratabadi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:251

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Migrants account for a large part of China’s population. Many policies and inventions have been taken to improve access to public health services and the health of migrants. China’s Basic Public Health Service...

    Authors: Jun Wang, Jingmin Zhu, Xueyao Wang, Yue Che, Yang Bai and Jue Liu

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:250

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. Reducing health inequalities in the UK has been a policy priority for over 20 years, yet, despite efforts to create a more equal society, progress has been limited. Furthermore, some inequalities have widened ...

    Authors: L. J. Thomson, R. Gordon-Nesbitt, E. Elsden and H. J. Chatterjee

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:249

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  4. Preliminary evidence from the COVID-19 pandemic shows the presence of health disparities, especially in terms of morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to systematically review the evidence on the associati...

    Authors: Ahmad Khanijahani, Shabnam Iezadi, Kamal Gholipour, Saber Azami-Aghdash and Deniz Naghibi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:248

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  5. There has been little research on the impact of the 2014-2015 West African Ebola crisis on people with disabilities. This paper outlines the way in which the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in Liberia in 20...

    Authors: Maria Kett, Ellie Cole, Lucila Beato, Mark Carew, Richard Ngafuan, Sekkoh Konneh and Tim Colbourn

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:247

    Content type: Research

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  6. Many programs are undertaken to facilitate the empowerment of vulnerable populations across the world. However, an overview of appropriate empowerment measurements to evaluate such initiatives remains incomple...

    Authors: Sandy Campbell, Jianxia Zhai, Jing-Yu Tan, Mursal Azami, Kym Cunningham and Sue Kruske

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:246

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  7. Extending Universal Health Coverage (UHC) requires identifying and addressing unmet healthcare need and its causes to improve access to essential health services. Unmet need is a useful monitoring indicator to...

    Authors: Vuthiphan Vongmongkol, Shaheda Viriyathorn, Yaowaluk Wanwong, Waritta Wangbanjongkun and Viroj Tangcharoensathien

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:244

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. Care services in industrialized nations are increasingly moving towards individualized funding models, which aim to increase individuals’ flexibility, choice and control over their services and supports. Recen...

    Authors: Sophie Yates, Gemma Carey, Jen Hargrave, Eleanor Malbon and Celia Green

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:243

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. Low socioeconomic status (SES) groups have been disproportionately affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed to examine COVID-19 vaccination rate by neighborhood SES and ethnicity in Israel, a country which ...

    Authors: Mor Saban, Vicki Myers, Shani Ben-Shetrit and Rachel Wilf-Miron

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:242

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. Income inequality is one of the important reflections of the unbalanced development of the world economy and can have adverse effects on physical and mental health.

    Authors: Yuanyuan He, Lulin Zhou, Junshan Li and Jun Wu

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:241

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. Co-design as a participatory method aims to improve health service design and implementation. It is being used more frequently by researchers and practitioners in various health and social care settings. Co-de...

    Authors: Ashfaq Chauhan, Jessica Leefe, Éidín Ní Shé and Reema Harrison

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:240

    Content type: Commentary

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  12. For many low and middle-income countries poor quality health care is now responsible for a greater number of deaths than insufficient access to care. This has in turn raised concerns around the distribution of qu...

    Authors: Manon Haemmerli, Timothy Powell-Jackson, Catherine Goodman, Hasbullah Thabrany and Virginia Wiseman

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:239

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  13. Disparities in exposure to and density of tobacco advertising are well established; however, it is still unclear how e-cigarette and heated tobacco product (HTP) advertising vary by age, education, sex, gender...

    Authors: Graziele Grilo, Elizabeth Crespi and Joanna E. Cohen

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:238

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. We argue commercial sex workers have rights to healthcare and psychosocial support. While decriminalization is not legally enacted in most countries, we would suggest these workers rights include freedom from ...

    Authors: Simon D. Taylor-Robinson, Paulo A. De Souza Lopes, Jey Zdravkov and Rachel Harrison

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:237

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  15. Primary medical and health care facilities are the first lines of defense for the health of population. This study aims to evaluate the current state and trend of equity and coupling coordination degree (CCD) ...

    Authors: Weicun Ren, Clifford Silver Tarimo, Lei Sun, Zihan Mu, Qian Ma, Jian Wu and Yudong Miao

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:236

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. There is an increasing global concern of financing poor people who live in low- and middle-income countries. The burden of non-communicable diseases of these people is, by in large, connected to a lack of acce...

    Authors: Felix O. Iyalomhe, Paul O. Adekola and Giuseppe T. Cirella

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:235

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Human trafficking is a serious global challenge associated with a complex array of health inequities for individuals, families, and communities. Consequently, in addition to a conventional criminal justice app...

    Authors: Christopher J. Wretman, Rebecca J. Macy, Amanda M. Stylianou, Anita S. Teekah, Elizabeth N. Ebright, Jeongsuk Kim, Jia Luo and Cynthia Fraga Rizo

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:234

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  18. Black and minority ethnic women and those with social risk factors such as deprivation, refugee and asylum seeker status, homelessness, mental health issues and domestic violence are at a disproportionate risk...

    Authors: Hannah Rayment-Jones, James Harris, Angela Harden, Sergio A. Silverio, Cristina Fernandez Turienzo and Jane Sandall

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:233

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. Adolescent pregnancy in rural areas is a persistent health problem that has still not properly been understood. Studies with qualitative perspectives that address this phenomenon as a complex social process, w...

    Authors: Herlan Palacios-Perdomo and Naydú Acosta-Ramírez

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:232

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Increasing evidence indicates that the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic had immediate health and social impact, disproportionately affecting certain socioeconomic groups. Assessing inequalities in risk of e...

    Authors: Ana Gama, Joana Alves, Daniela Costa, Pedro A. Laires, Patrícia Soares, Ana Rita Pedro, Marta Moniz, Luísa Solinho, Carla Nunes and Sónia Dias

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:231

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. Numerous reports have demonstrated the disproportionate impact that COVID-19 has had on vulnerable populations. Our purpose is to describe our health care system’s response to this impact.

    Authors: Paul A. Pirraglia, Cristina Huebner Torres, Jessica Collins, Jane Garb, Marian Kent, Sarah Perez McAdoo, Yemisi Oloruntola-Coates, Jacob M. Smith and Abraham Thomas

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:230

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  22. Equity of healthcare spatial access is essential for the health outcomes of medical investments and the welfare of populations, and efficiency of medical resource allocation is important for obtaining a supply...

    Authors: Shaoyao Zhang, Xueqian Song and Jie Zhou

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:229

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Community mobilization (CM) is recommended as a best practice intervention for low resource settings to reduce maternal mortality. Measurement of process outcomes are lacking and little is known about how CM i...

    Authors: Dana Beck, Philip T. Veliz, Michelle Munro-Kramer, Carol Boyd, Isaac Sakala, Nchimunya Chiboola and Jody Lori

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:228

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. Healthcare quality measurements in the United States illustrate disparities by racial/ethnic group, socio-economic class, and geographic location. Redressing healthcare inequities, including measurement of and...

    Authors: Kathleen A. Culhane-Pera, Shannon L. Pergament, Maiyia Y. Kasouaher, Andrew M. Pattock, Naima Dhore, Cindy N. Kaigama, Marcela Alison, Michael Scandrett, Mai See Thao and David J. Satin

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:226

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Child malnutrition remains a major public health issue in India. Along with myriad upstream and social determinants of these adverse outcomes, recent studies have highlighted regional differences in mean child...

    Authors: Anoop Jain, Justin Rodgers, Rockli Kim and S. V. Subramanian

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:225

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Persisting evidence suggests significant socioeconomic and sociodemographic inequalities in access to medical treatment in the UK. Consequently, a systematic review was undertaken to examine these access inequ...

    Authors: Sebastian Ryan-Ndegwa, Reza Zamani and Mohammad Akrami

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:224

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  27. Inequitable access to primary health care (PHC) remains a problem for most western countries. Failure to scale up effective interventions has been due, in part, to a failure to share the logic and essential el...

    Authors: Catherine Spooner, Virginia Lewis, Cathie Scott, Simone Dahrouge, Jeannie Haggerty, Grant Russell, Jean-Frederic Levesque, Emilie Dionne, Nigel Stocks and Mark F. Harris

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:223

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Social mobilisation is potentially a key tool in the prevention of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in fragile settings. This formative study addressed existing and potential social mobilisation mechanisms see...

    Authors: Lizzie Caperon, Stella Arakelyan, Cinzia Innocenti and Alastair Ager

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:222

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. COVID-19 has a direct impact on the employment of older people. This adds to the challenge of ageism. The World Health Organization has started a worldwide campaign to combat ageism and has called for more res...

    Authors: Sabrina Pit, Malcolm Fisk, Winona Freihaut, Fashola Akintunde, Bamidele Aloko, Britta Berge, Anne Burmeister, Adriana Ciacâru, Jürgen Deller, Rae Dulmage, Tae Hwa Han, Qiang Hao, Peter Honeyman, Peter C. Huber, Thomas Linner, Stefan Lundberg…

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:221

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  30. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians experience persistent health and social inequities. Chronic conditions, many of which are diet-related, are leading contributors to the burden of disease and h...

    Authors: Rebecca Christidis, Mark Lock, Troy Walker, Mikaela Egan and Jennifer Browne

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:220

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  31. It is broadly accepted that poverty is associated with poor health, and the health impact of poverty has been explored in numerous high-income country settings. There is a large and growing body of evidence of...

    Authors: Jane Parry, Meredith Vanstone, Michel Grignon and James R. Dunn

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:219

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Socioeconomic status (SES) is an important determinant of health, and SES data is an important confounder to control for in epidemiology and health services research. Individual level SES measures are cumberso...

    Authors: Daniel Yan Zheng Lim, Ting Hway Wong, Mengling Feng, Marcus Eng Hock Ong and Andrew Fu Wah Ho

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:218

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. The present study analyzes inequalities in catastrophic health expenditures in conflict-affected regions of Meta, Colombia and socioeconomic factors contributing to the existence and changes in catastrophic ex...

    Authors: Sebastián León-Giraldo, Juan Sebastián Cuervo-Sánchez, Germán Casas, Catalina González-Uribe, Noemi Kreif, Oscar Bernal and Rodrigo Moreno-Serra

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:217

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. The small-area deprivation indices are varied across countries due to different social context and data availability. Due to lack of chronic disease-related social deprivation index (SDI) in Hong Kong, China, ...

    Authors: Kailu Wang, Chi-Kin Law, Jiaying Zhao, Alvin Yik-Kiu Hui, Benjamin Hon-Kei Yip, Eng Kiong Yeoh and Roger Yat-Nork Chung

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:216

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Lack of control over life situations is an important social determinant that may negatively affect parental and child health. This study took place in an area of Stockholm, Sweden with high indications of soci...

    Authors: Madelene Barboza, Anneli Marttila, Bo Burström and Asli Kulane

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:215

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. COVID-19 has caused almost unprecedented change across health, education, the economy and social interaction. It is widely understood that the existing mechanisms which shape health inequalities have resulted ...

    Authors: Grant M. A. Wyper, Eilidh Fletcher, Ian Grant, Oliver Harding, Maria Teresa de Haro Moro, Diane L. Stockton and Gerry McCartney

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:214

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. The Australian Nurse Family Partnership Program (ANFPP) is an evidence-based, home visiting program that offers health education, guidance, social and emotional support to first-time mothers having Aboriginal ...

    Authors: Luciana Massi, Sophie Hickey, Sarah-Jade Maidment, Yvette Roe, Sue Kildea, Carmel Nelson and Sue Kruske

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:212

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. While organized and opportunistic cervical cancer screening (CCS) programs implemented across the European Union have increased participation rates, barriers to socioeconomically deprived women remain substant...

    Authors: Vincent De Prez, Vladimir Jolidon, Barbara Willems, Stéphane Cullati, Claudine Burton-Jeangros and Piet Bracke

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:211

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Health care workers in Kenya have launched major strikes in the public health sector in the past decade but the impact of strikes on health systems is under-explored. We conducted a qualitative study to invest...

    Authors: Michael L. Scanlon, Lauren Y. Maldonado, Justus E. Ikemeri, Anjellah Jumah, Getrude Anusu, Sheilah Chelagat, Joann Chebet Keter, Julia Songok, Laura J. Ruhl and Astrid Christoffersen-Deb

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:210

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Does higher health literacy lead to higher trust in public hospitals? Existing literature suggests that this is the case since a positive association between the level of health literacy and the level of trust...

    Authors: Maja Bertram, Urs Steiner Brandt, Rikke Klitten Hansen and Gert Tinggaard Svendsen

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:209

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Cycling for transport provides many health and social benefits – including physical activity and independent access to jobs, education, social opportunities, health care and other services (accessibility). How...

    Authors: Christopher Standen, Melanie Crane, Stephen Greaves, Andrew T. Collins and Chris Rissel

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:208

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. The importance of social and economic capital as predictors of health is widely documented, yet the complexity of interactions between them and effects on older people’s health is still unclear. Combining the ...

    Authors: Lijuan Gu, Yang Cheng, David R. Phillips, Mark Rosenberg, Linsheng Yang, Li Wang and Hairong Li

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:207

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Global persistence of health inequities for Indigenous peoples is evident in ongoing discrepancies in health and standards of living. International literature suggests the key to transformation lies in Indigen...

    Authors: Rachel Eni, Wanda Phillips-Beck, Grace Kyoon Achan, Josée G. Lavoie, Kathi Avery Kinew and Alan Katz

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:206

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Women are disadvantaged by ageing: older women are more likely than older men to suffer from ill-health, have less access to health care and suffer discrimination within the health care system. Globally, there...

    Authors: Rebecca Dodd, Janani Shanthosh, Thomas Lung, Aporosa Robaigau, Mai Ling Perman, Eric Rafai, Roslyn Poulos, Anthony B. Zwi, Renu John and Anna Palagyi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:205

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. People with disabilities (PwD) have been facing multiple health, social, and economic disparities during the COVID-19 pandemic, stemming from structural disparities experienced for long time. This paper aims t...

    Authors: Tiago S. Jesus, Sureshkumar Kamalakannan, Sutanuka Bhattacharjya, Yelena Bogdanova, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, Jacob Bentley, Michel D. Landry and Christina Papadimitriou

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:204

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  46. To address the challenge of the aging population, community-based care services (CBCS) have been developed rapidly in China as a new way of satisfying the needs of elderly people. Few studies have described th...

    Authors: Zhang Yue, Nan Xiang, Huwei Li and Erpeng Liu

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:203

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. Parents in the Arab population of Israel are known to be “pro-vaccination” and vaccinate their children at higher rates than the Jewish population, specifically against human papilloma virus (HPV) and seasonal...

    Authors: Nour Abed Elhadi Shahbari, Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Nadav Davidovitch, Shuli Brammli-Greenberg, Rami Grifat and Gustavo S. Mesch

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:201

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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