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  1. Because California has higher managed care penetration and the race/ethnicity of Californians differs from the rest of the United States, we tested the hypothesis that California's lower health plan Consumer A...

    Authors: John Zweifler, Susan Hughes and Rebeca A Lopez
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2010 9:4
  2. Socioeconomic health inequalities in adolescence are not consistently reported. This may be due to the measurement of self-reported general health, which probably fails to fully capture the psychological dimen...

    Authors: Konstantina Magklara, Petros Skapinakis, Dimitrios Niakas, Stefanos Bellos, Anastasia Zissi, Stylianos Stylianidis and Venetsanos Mavreas
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2010 9:3
  3. When patient selection processes determine who can and cannot use healthcare there can be inequalities and inequities in individuals' opportunities to benefit. This paper evaluates the influence of a hospital ...

    Authors: Jennifer A Stewart Williams, Julie E Byles and Kerry J Inder
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2010 9:2
  4. The introduction of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) has improved the diagnosis and treatment of malaria. However, any successful control of malaria will depend on socio-economic factors that influence its manage...

    Authors: Benjamin SC Uzochukwu, Obinna E Onwujekwe, Nkoli P Uguru, Maduka D Ughasoro and Ogochukwu P Ezeoke
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2010 9:1
  5. It is not clearly evident whether malaria affects the poor more although it has been argued that the poor bear a very high burden of the disease. This study explored the socioeconomic and geographic difference...

    Authors: Obinna Onwujekwe, Benjamin Uzochukwu, Nkem Dike, Chijioke Okoli, Soludo Eze and Ogoamaka Chukwuogo
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:45
  6. There is an ongoing debate in Germany about the assumption that patients with private health insurance (PHI) benefit from better access to medical care, including shorter waiting times (Lüngen et al. 2008), co...

    Authors: Björn A Kuchinke, Dirk Sauerland and Ansgar Wübker
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:44
  7. A rural pharmacy initiative (RPI) designed to increase access to medicines in rural Kyrgyzstan created a network of 12 pharmacies using a revolving drug fund mechanism in 12 villages where no pharmacies previo...

    Authors: Brenda Waning, Jason Maddix, Yorghos Tripodis, Richard Laing, Hubert GM Leufkens and Manjusha Gokhale
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:43
  8. A growing number of developing countries are developing health insurance schemes that aim to protect households, particularly the poor, from financial catastrophe and impoverishment caused by unaffordable medi...

    Authors: Qiang Sun, Xiaoyun Liu, Qingyue Meng, Shenglan Tang, Baorong Yu and Rachel Tolhurst
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:42
  9. The past decade witnessed great progress in research on health inequities. The most widely cited definition of health inequity is, arguably, the one proposed by Whitehead and Dahlgren: "Health inequalities tha...

    Authors: Ole Frithjof Norheim and Yukiko Asada
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:40
  10. Uganda implemented health sector reforms to make services more accessible to the population. An assessment of the likely impact of these reforms is important for informing policy. This paper describes the chan...

    Authors: George W Pariyo, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Olico Okui, Mohammed Hafizur Rahman, Stefan Peterson, David M Bishai, Henry Lucas and David H Peters
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:39
  11. In 2003, Médecins Sans Frontières, the provincial government, and the provincial health authority began a community project to guarantee financial access to primary health care in Karuzi province, Burundi. The...

    Authors: Sophie Lambert-Evans, Frederique Ponsar, Tony Reid, Catherine Bachy, Michel Van Herp and Mit Philips
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:36
  12. Immigrant elderly are a rapidly growing group in Dutch society; little is known about their health care use. This study assesses whether ethnic disparities in health care use exist and how they can be explaine...

    Authors: Semiha Denktaş, Gerrit Koopmans, Erwin Birnie, Marleen Foets and Gouke Bonsel
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:35
  13. Efficiency and equity are both important policy objectives in resource allocation. The discipline of health economics has traditionally focused on maximising efficiency, however addressing inequities in health...

    Authors: Katherine S Ong, Margaret Kelaher, Ian Anderson and Rob Carter
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:34
  14. The inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and health has been extensively explored in Italy; however few studies have been carried out on the relationship between income inequalities and hea...

    Authors: Patrizia Schifano, Chiara Marinacci, Giulia Cesaroni, Valeria Belleudi, Nicola Caranci, Antonio Russo and Carlo A Perucci
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:33
  15. Minority women, particularly immigrants, have lower cancer screening rates than Caucasian women, but little else is known about cancer screening among immigrant women. Our objective was to assess breast, cervi...

    Authors: Ponnila S Samuel, Jane P Pringle, Nathaniel W James IV, Susan J Fielding and Kathleen M Fairfield
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:30
  16. Achieving equity by way of improving the condition of the economically poor or otherwise disadvantaged is among the core goals of contemporary development paradigm. This places importance on monitoring outcome...

    Authors: Abbas Bhuiya, SMA Hanifi, Farhana Urni and Shehrin Shaila Mahmood
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:29
  17. During the last decades research has reported unmotivated differences in the treatment of women and men in various areas of clinical and academic medicine. There is an ongoing discussion on how to avoid such g...

    Authors: Gunilla Risberg, Eva E Johansson and Katarina Hamberg
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:28
  18. An integrated and comprehensive hospital/community based health programme is presented, aimed at reducing maternal and child mortality and morbidity. It is run as part of a general programme of health care at ...

    Authors: Bjørg Evjen-Olsen, Øystein Evjen Olsen and Gunnar Kvåle
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:27
  19. Compared to the majority population of a host country, migrants tend to have different health risks and health behaviour. We have hypothesised that these differences diminish with time passed since migration. ...

    Authors: Anna Reeske, Jacob Spallek and Oliver Razum
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:26
  20. Healthcare utilization has particular relevance as a public health and development issue. Unlike material and human capital, there is little empirical evidence on the utility of social resources in overcoming ...

    Authors: Solome K Bakeera, Sarah P Wamala, Sandro Galea, Andrew State, Stefan Peterson and George W Pariyo
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:25
  21. Despite the attention the situation of the Roma in Central and Eastern Europe has received in the context of European Union enlargement, research on their access to health services is very limited, in particul...

    Authors: Boika Rechel, Clare M Blackburn, Nick J Spencer and Bernd Rechel
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:24
  22. Aggregate urban health statistics mask inequalities. We described maternity care in vulnerable slum communities in Mumbai, and examined differences in care and outcomes between more and less deprived groups.

    Authors: Neena Shah More, Ujwala Bapat, Sushmita Das, Sarah Barnett, Anthony Costello, Armida Fernandez and David Osrin
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:21
  23. Vietnam introduced the Health Care Fund for the Poor in 2002 to increase access to health care and reduce the financial burden of health expenditure faced by the poor and ethnic minorities. It is often argued ...

    Authors: Henrik Axelson, Sarah Bales, Pham Duc Minh, Björn Ekman and Ulf-G Gerdtham
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:20
  24. In this paper we argue the importance of including gender and sexually diverse populations in policy development towards a more inclusive form of health promotion. We emphasize the need to address the broad he...

    Authors: Nick J Mulé, Lori E Ross, Barry Deeprose, Beth E Jackson, Andrea Daley, Anna Travers and Dick Moore
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:18
  25. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between social inequalities and daily smoking among 13 and 15 year olds, and to determine the role of students' academic achievement and school satisfactio...

    Authors: Christina W Schnohr, Svend Kreiner, Mette Rasmussen, Pernille Due and Finn Diderichsen
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:17
  26. Removing user fees in primary health care services is one of the most critical policy issues being considered in Africa. User fees were introduced in many African countries during the 1980s and their impacts a...

    Authors: Jane Chuma, Janet Musimbi, Vincent Okungu, Catherine Goodman and Catherine Molyneux
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:15
  27. Much work has been done to promote sex and gender-based analyses in health research and to think critically about the influence of sex and gender on health behaviours and outcomes. However, despite this increa...

    Authors: Joy L Johnson, Lorraine Greaves and Robin Repta
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:14
  28. The HIV and AIDS epidemic in Malawi poses multiple challenges from an equity perspective. It is estimated that 12% of Malawians are living with HIV or AIDS among the 15-49 age group. This paper synthesises ava...

    Authors: Ireen Makwiza, Lot Nyirenda, Grace Bongololo, Talumba Banda, Rhehab Chimzizi and Sally Theobald
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:13
  29. Smokefree environments legislation is increasingly being implemented around the world. Evaluations largely find that the legislation is popular, compliance is high and report improved air quality and reduced e...

    Authors: Richard Edwards, Heather Gifford, Andrew Waa, Marewa Glover, George Thomson and Nick Wilson
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:12
  30. Access to affordable health care is limited in many low and middle income countries and health systems are often inequitable, providing less health services to the poor who need it most. The aim of this study ...

    Authors: Charlotte Kristiansson, Eduardo Gotuzzo, Hugo Rodriguez, Alessandro Bartoloni, Marianne Strohmeyer, Göran Tomson and Per Hartvig
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:11
  31. Tobacco use is a leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality. In the developed nations where the burden from infectious diseases is lower, the burden of disease from tobacco use is especially magnifie...

    Authors: Emmanuel Rudatsikira, Adamson S Muula and Seter Siziya
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:10
  32. In contrast to the considerable evidence of inequitable distribution of health, little is known about how health services (particularly primary care services) are distributed in less developed countries. Using a ...

    Authors: Krit Pongpirul, Barbara Starfield, Supattra Srivanichakorn and Supasit Pannarunothai
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:8
  33. Child injury is an emerging public health issue in both developed and developing countries. It is the main cause of deaths and disabilities of children after infancy. The aim of this study was to investigate t...

    Authors: Sheikh M Giashuddin, Aminur Rahman, Fazlur Rahman, Saidur Rahman Mashreky, Salim Mahmud Chowdhury, Michael Linnan and Shumona Shafinaz
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:7
  34. Diabetes and its associated complications are part of a chronic disease global epidemic that presents a public health challenge. Epidemiologists examining health differences between men and women are being cha...

    Authors: Janet F Grant, Neville Hicks, Anne W Taylor, Catherine R Chittleborough and Patrick J Phillips
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:6
  35. Since the late 1980s, the policy of the Japanese government regarding physician manpower has been to decrease the number of medical students. However, the shortage of doctors in Japan has become a social probl...

    Authors: Shin-ichi Toyabe
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:5
  36. In this paper we seek to tease out differences in socioeconomic position between ethnic groups. There are 3 main reasons why conventional socioeconomic indicators and asset based measures may not be equally ap...

    Authors: Margaret Kelaher, Sheila Paul, Helen Lambert, Waqar Ahmad and George Davey Smith
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:4
  37. A growing body of literature has demonstrated that higher social capital is associated with improved health conditions. However, some research indicated that the association between social capital and health w...

    Authors: Xiaojie Sun, Clas Rehnberg and Qingyue Meng
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:2
  38. Child vaccination is one of the public health interventions that are responsible for the relatively low child morbidity and mortality in developed nations compared to the developing world. We carried out this ...

    Authors: Adamson S Muula, Martine Y Polycarpe, Jayakaran Job, Seter Siziya and Emmanuel Rudatsikira
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:1

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