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  1. Hypertension is the leading risk factor for mortality worldwide and is more common in sub-Saharan Africa than any other region. Work to date confirms that a lack of human and material resources for healthcare ...

    Authors: Hayley M. Lynch, Aliza S. Green, Rose Clarke Nanyonga, Darinka D. Gadikota-Klumpers, Allison Squires, Jeremy I. Schwartz and David J. Heller

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:206

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Despite a fast-growing economy and the largest anti-malnutrition programme, India has the world’s worst level of child malnutrition. Despite India’s 50% increase in GDP since 1991, more than one third of the w...

    Authors: Shrikant Singh, Swati Srivastava and Ashish Kumar Upadhyay

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:203

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. Connecting knowledge with action (KWA) for health equity involves interventions that can redistribute power and resources at local, national, and global levels. Although there is ample and compelling evidence ...

    Authors: Katrina M. Plamondon, C. Susana Caxaj, Ian D. Graham and Joan L. Bottorff

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:202

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  4. Despite the pro-poor health policies in Ethiopia, the utilization of maternal, neonatal, and child health services remains a challenge for the country. Health equity became central in the post-2015 Sustainable...

    Authors: Alem Desta Wuneh, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Afework Mulugeta Bezabih, Lars Åke Persson, Joanna Schellenberg and Yemisrach Behailu Okwaraji

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:201

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  5. Poverty is associated with increased morbidity related to multiple child and adult health conditions and increased risk of premature death. Despite robust evidence linking income and health, and some recommend...

    Authors: Eva Purkey, Imaan Bayoumi, Helen Coo, Allison Maier, Andrew D. Pinto, Bisola Olomola, Christina Klassen, Shannon French and Michael Flavin

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:200

    Content type: Research

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  6. Socioeconomic inequalities in health is a widely studied topic. However, epidemiological research tends to focus on one or a few outcomes conditioned on one indicator, overlooking the fact that health inequali...

    Authors: Kinza Degerlund Maldi, Miguel San Sebastian, Per E. Gustafsson and Frida Jonsson

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:197

    Content type: Research

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  7. Kenya is experiencing persistently high levels of inequity in health and access to care services. In 2018, decades of sustained policy efforts to promote equitable, affordable and quality health services have ...

    Authors: Stefania Ilinca, Laura Di Giorgio, Paola Salari and Jane Chuma

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:196

    Content type: Research

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  8. Equity seems inherent to the pursuance of universal health coverage (UHC), but it is not a natural consequence of it. We explore how the multidimensional concept of equity has been approached in key global UHC...

    Authors: Elisabeth Paul, Céline Deville, Oriane Bodson, N’koué Emmanuel Sambiéni, Ibrahima Thiam, Marc Bourgeois, Valéry Ridde and Fabienne Fecher

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:195

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. In recent decades, financial investment has been made in health-related programs and services to overcome inequities and improve Indigenous people’s wellbeing in Australia and New Zealand. Despite policies aim...

    Authors: Margaret Cargo, Gill Potaka-Osborne, Lynley Cvitanovic, Lisa Warner, Sharon Clarke, Jenni Judd, Amal Chakraborty and Amohia Boulton

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:194

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. Access to Liberia’s health system is reliant on out-of-pocket (OOP) health expenditures which may prevent people from seeking care or result in catastrophic health expenditure (CHE). CHE and impoverishment due...

    Authors: Jacopo Gabani and Lorna Guinness

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:193

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:20

  11. Although migrant health is a topic of interest across Europe and although health care services in Germany consider migrant health issues, people with a migrant background often experience difficulties regardin...

    Authors: Marja Leonhardt, Katja Aschenbrenner, Martin E. Kreis and Johannes C. Lauscher

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:192

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  12. Effective patient engagement has been associated with high quality health care. There is a dearth of evidence around effective engagement with consumers from ethnic minority backgrounds; specifically in relati...

    Authors: Reema Harrison, Merrilyn Walton, Ashfaq Chauhan, Elizabeth Manias, Upma Chitkara, Monika Latanik and Desiree Leone

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:191

    Content type: Research

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  13. Medicaid, the state-level public insurance in the United States, has widely differing criteria treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) such as stage of liver fibrosis, documented sobriety, and specialist consult...

    Authors: Brigg Reilley, Matt Miller, Matt Hudson, Rick Haverkate and Jessica Leston

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:190

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  14. To determine relevant public health actions and to guide intervention priorities, it is of great importance to assess the relative contribution of incidence and lethality to social inequalities in cancer morta...

    Authors: Joséphine Bryere, Laure Tron, Gwenn Menvielle and Guy Launoy

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:189

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. The decline in global and between-country health inequality is a major challenge to overcome. However, few studies have systematically investigated the relationship between inequality of health stock and natio...

    Authors: Isma Addi Jumbri, Shinya Ikeda, Masayuki Jimichi, Chika Saka and Shunsuke Managi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:188

    Content type: Research

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  16. Horizontal equity in access to public general practitioner (GP) services by socioeconomic group has been addressed econometrically by testing the statement “equal probability of using public GP services for eq...

    Authors: M. A. Negrín, J. Pinilla and I. Abásolo

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:187

    Content type: Research

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  17. China poverty reduction policy (PRP) addresses two important elements: the targeted poverty reduction (TPA) project since 2015 in line with social assistance policy as national policy; and reducing inequality ...

    Authors: Qi Zou, Xiaoqun He, Zhong Li, Wanchun Xu and Liang Zhang

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:186

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. The objective of this research is to analyse trends in horizontal inequity in access to public health services by immigration condition in Spain throughout the period 2006–2017. We focus on “economic immigrant...

    Authors: Jaime Pinilla, Miguel A. Negrín and Ignacio Abásolo

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:185

    Content type: Research

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  19. Healthy eating behaviour is an essential determinant of overall health. This behaviour is generally poor among people at risk of experiencing food insecurity, which may be caused by many factors including perc...

    Authors: Laura A. van der Velde, Linde A. Schuilenburg, Jyothi K. Thrivikraman, Mattijs E. Numans and Jessica C. Kiefte-de Jong

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:184

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. We studied the impact of Community Outreach and Patient Empowerment (COPE) intervention to support Community Health Representatives (CHR) on the clinical outcomes of patients living with diabetes in the Navajo...

    Authors: Letizia Trevisi, John E. Orav, Sidney Atwood, Christian Brown, Cameron Curley, Caroline King, Olivia Muskett, Hannah Sehn, Katrina A. Nelson, Mae-Gilene Begay and Sonya S. Shin

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:183

    Content type: Research

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  21. Women experience disparities in health care delivery and outcomes. Patient-centred care for women (PCCW) is needed. This study examined how PCC has been conceptualized and operationalized in women’s health res...

    Authors: Jessica U. Ramlakhan, Angel M. Foster, Sherry L. Grace, Courtney R. Green, Donna E. Stewart and Anna R. Gagliardi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:182

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  22. In Rwanda, community health workers (CHWs) are an integral part of the health system. For maternal health, CHWs are involved in linking members of the communities in which they live to the formal health care s...

    Authors: Germaine Tuyisenge, Valorie A. Crooks and Nicole S. Berry

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:181

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Indigenous persons living in Latin America suffer from a higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes compared to their non-indigenous counterparts. This difference has been attributed to a wide range of factors. Futu...

    Authors: Edwin Nieblas-Bedolla, Kent D. W. Bream, Allison Rollins and Frances K. Barg

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:180

    Content type: Research

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  24. The public health workforce (PHW) is a key component of a country’s public health system. Since the outbreak of SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) in 2003, the scale of PHW in China has been continuously...

    Authors: Weiqin Cai, Chengyue Li, Mei Sun and Mo Hao

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:179

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Exposure to natural outdoor environments (NOE) has been shown to be beneficial to older adults’ health and functioning, yet this assertion has rarely been tested in China. We investigated the relationships bet...

    Authors: Baishi Huang, Ye Liu, Zhiqiang Feng, Jamie R. Pearce, Ruoyu Wang, Yina Zhang and Jie Chen

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:178

    Content type: Research

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  26. It is important to quantify inequality, explain the contribution of underlying social determinants and to provide evidence to guide health policy. The aim of the study is to explain the income-related inequali...

    Authors: Olfa Saidi, Nada Zoghlami, Kathleen E. Bennett, Paola Andrea Mosquera, Dhafer Malouche, Simon Capewell, Habiba Ben Romdhane and Martin O’Flaherty

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:177

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. We present to the scientific community the pioneering of Brazilian National Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE, the Brazilian Census Bureau) in partnership with the Ministry of Health, the largest fie...

    Authors: Erno Harzheim, Luiz Felipe Pinto, Otavio Pereira D’Avila and Lisiane Hauser

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:176

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  28. Hong Kong has gained a good reputation for its quality public health care services. However, there is a growing recognition that social stigma is a potential obstacle when female sex workers (FSWs) access heal...

    Authors: Haixia Ma and Alice Yuen Loke

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:175

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Eliminating indigenous and ethnic health inequities requires addressing the determinants of health inequities which includes institutionalised racism, and ensuring a health care system that delivers appropriat...

    Authors: Elana Curtis, Rhys Jones, David Tipene-Leach, Curtis Walker, Belinda Loring, Sarah-Jane Paine and Papaarangi Reid

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:174

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Maternal and child health (MCH) care utilization often vary with geographic location. We analyzed the geographic distribution and determinants of utilization of four or more antenatal care visits, health facil...

    Authors: Atkure Defar, Yemisrach B. Okwaraji, Zemene Tigabu, Lars Åke Persson and Kassahun Alemu

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:173

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Ensuring equal access to preventive care has always been given a priority in health system throughout world. This study aimed to decompose inequality in utilization of preventive care services into its contrib...

    Authors: Yongjian Xu, Tao Zhang and Duolao Wang

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:172

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. A small proportion of the population consumes the majority of health care resources. High-cost health care users are a heterogeneous group. We aim to segment a provincial population into relevant homogenous su...

    Authors: Maureen Anderson, Crawford W. Revie, Henrik Stryhn, Cordell Neudorf, Yvonne Rosehart, Wenbin Li, Meriç Osman, David L. Buckeridge, Laura C. Rosella and Walter P. Wodchis

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:171

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Personalisation is a growing international policy paradigm that aims to create both improved outcomes for individuals, and reduce fiscal pressures on government, by giving greater choice and control to citizen...

    Authors: Gemma Carey, Brad Crammond and Eleanor Malbon

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:170

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. This narrative review aimed to identify and categorize the barriers and facilitators to the provision of brief intervention and behavioral change programs that target several risk behaviors among the Indigenou...

    Authors: Mojan Fazelipour and Frances Cunningham

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:169

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  35. The purpose of this review was to examine the literature for themes of underlying social contributors to inequity in maternal health outcomes and experiences in the high resource setting of Aotearoa New Zealan...

    Authors: Pauline Dawson, Chrys Jaye, Robin Gauld and Jean Hay-Smith

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:168

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  36. In South Africa, persistence of the HIV epidemic and associated gender and racial disparities is a major concern after more than 20 years of democratic dispensation and efforts to create a more healthy and equ...

    Authors: M. Mabaso, L. Makola, I. Naidoo, L. L. Mlangeni, S. Jooste and L. Simbayi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:167

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. The fragmentation of health insurance schemes in China has undermined equity in access to health care. To achieve universal health coverage by 2020, the Chinese government has decided to consolidate three basi...

    Authors: Chaofan Li, Chengxiang Tang and Haipeng Wang

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:166

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. In order to further identify the needed interventions for continued poverty reduction in our study area Cuatro Santos, northern Nicaragua, we aimed to elucidate what predicts poverty, measured by the Unsatisfi...

    Authors: C. Källestål, E. Blandón Zelaya, R. Peña, W. Peréz, M. Contreras, L. Å. Persson, O. Sysoev and K. Ekholm Selling

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:165

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Gout is the most common inflammatory arthritis with a rising prevalence around the globe. While educational inequalities in incidence and prevalence of gout have been reported, no previous study investigated e...

    Authors: Ali Kiadaliri, Margarita Moreno-Betancur, Aleksandra Turkiewicz and Martin Englund

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:164

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Persistent inequities in health experiences and outcomes are observed for Māori compared to non-Māori in Aotearoa New Zealand. We conceptualised factors associated with Māori consumer experiences of health pro...

    Authors: Suetonia C. Palmer, Harriet Gray, Tania Huria, Cameron Lacey, Lutz Beckert and Suzanne G. Pitama

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:163

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Inappropriate use of Caesarean Section (CS) delivery is partly to blame for Ghana’s high maternal mortality rate. However, previous research offered mixed findings about factors associated with CS use. The goa...

    Authors: Emmanuel Dankwah, Shelley Kirychuk, Wu Zeng, Cindy Feng and Marwa Farag

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:162

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Socioeconomic inequalities in dental care utilization in Iran are rarely documented. This study aimed to provide insight into socioeconomic inequalities in dental care utilization and its main contributing fac...

    Authors: Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Seyed Fahim Irandoost and Yahya Salimi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:161

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. The motivation of health workers is a key concern of policy makers, practitioners and researchers. Public Service Motivation (PSM), defined as the altruistic desire to serve the common interest, to serve other...

    Authors: Zakaria Belrhiti, Wim Van Damme, Abdelmounim Belalia and Bruno Marchal

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:160

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. The human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) worldwide. Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBM), and GBM living with HIV in particular, are disproport...

    Authors: Daniel Grace, Mark Gaspar, Ron Rosenes, Ramandip Grewal, Ann N. Burchell, Troy Grennan and Irving E. Salit

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:159

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. There has been an increasing number of refugee women globally; yet, there is little recent data describing the health profile of refugee women by region of origin in the United States. It is important to monit...

    Authors: May Sudhinaraset, Nuny Cabanting and Marisa Ramos

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:158

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. A higher risk of common mental health disorders has been found for first-generation migrants in high income countries, but few studies have examined the use of mental health care. This study aimed to identify ...

    Authors: Tania Bosqui, Ari Väänänen, Andre Buscariolli, Aki Koskinen, Dermot O’Reilly, Auli Airila and Anne Kouvonen

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:157

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. Social inequalities in obesity have been observed not only by gender but also between ethnic groups. Evidence on combined dimensions of inequality in health, and specifically including indigenous populations, ...

    Authors: Yercin Mamani Ortiz, Per E. Gustafsson, Miguel San Sebastián Chasco, Ada Ximena Armaza Céspedes, Jenny Marcela Luizaga López, Daniel Elving Illanes Velarde and Paola A. Mosquera Méndez

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:153

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  48. Health equity is a multidimensional concept that has been internationally considered as an essential element for health system development. However, our understanding about the root causes of health equity is ...

    Authors: Qiang Yao, Xin Li, Fei Luo, Lianping Yang, Chaojie Liu and Ju Sun

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:152

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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