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Editors' profiles

Efrat Shadmi, Editor-in-Chief

Efrat Shadmi is an Associate Professor at the Cheryl Spencer Department of Nursing at the University of Haifa, Israel. As a Fulbright grantee, she received her doctoral education from the Department of Health Policy and Management at Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. She is also a Registered Nurse graduate of the University of Haifa. 

Prof Shadmi's research focuses on evaluating equitable health care delivery and its outcomes, evaluation of organizational mechanisms to reduce inequity in care, and on methods to better understand the distribution of morbidity between population groups. She also serves as a health policy consultant to Israel's largest non-profit healthcare organization.

Leiyu Shi, Editor-in-Chief

Leiyi Shi is Professor of Health Policy and Health Services Research at Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management. He is Co-Director of the Johns Hopkins Primary Care Policy Center. He received his doctoral education from University of California Berkeley majoring in health policy and services research. He also has a Masters in Business Administration focusing on Finance. 

Prof Shi’s research focuses on primary care, health disparities, and vulnerable populations. He has conducted extensive studies about the association between primary care and health outcomes, particularly on the role of primary care in mediating the adverse impact of income inequality on health outcomes.

Ana Lorena Ruano, Managing Editor

Ana Lorena Ruano is a researcher at the Center for International Health at Bergen University in Norway. 

Dr Ruano's interests are social inequities in health in Latin America, social participation, primary health care, qualitative methodology, and sociology of health.