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  1. Content type: Research

    Persistently high sulphur dioxide (SO2) emissions from platinum group metal (PGM) smelting pose a major threat to communities located around smelters. This paper examined SO2 emission trends, emission regulations...

    Authors: Patrick Gwimbi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:200

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  2. Content type: Annotated bibliography

    Neoliberal reforms lead to deep changes in healthcare systems around the world, on account of their emphasis on free market rather than the right to health. People with disabilities can be particularly disadva...

    Authors: Dikaios Sakellariou and Elena S. Rotarou

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:199

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  3. Content type: Research

    Implementation Research (IR) in and around health systems comes with unique challenges for researchers including implementation, multi-layer governance, and ethical issues. Partnerships between researchers, im...

    Authors: Gupteswar Patel, Surekha Garimella, Kerry Scott, Shinjini Mondal, Asha George and Kabir Sheikh

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:198

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  4. Content type: Research

    The social gradient in smoking rates persist with an overrepresentation of smoking and its associated harms concentrated within lower socioeconomic status (SES) populations. Low-SES smokers are motivated to qu...

    Authors: Veronica C. Boland, Richard P. Mattick, Hayden McRobbie, Mohammad Siahpush and Ryan J. Courtney

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:196

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  5. Content type: Research

    Socioeconomic inequality in health and mortality remains a disturbing reality across nations including Bangladesh. Inequality drew renewed attention globally. Bangladesh though made impressive progress in heal...

    Authors: Asiful Haidar Chowdhury, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Mohammad Nahid Mia and Abbas Bhuiya

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:197

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  6. Content type: Research

    The rampant urbanization and medical marketization in China have resulted in increased vulnerabilities to health and socioeconomic disparities among the rural migrant workers in urban China. In the Chinese con...

    Authors: Ming Guan

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:193

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  7. Content type: Research

    China is in the process of integrating the new cooperative medical scheme (NCMS) and the urban residents’ basic medical insurance system (URBMI) into the urban and rural residents’ basic medical insurance syst...

    Authors: Kun Zhu, Luying Zhang, Shasha Yuan, Xiaojuan Zhang and Zhiruo Zhang

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:194

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  8. Content type: Research

    Increasing attention is being given to political agenda setting for the social determinants of health. While designing policies that can improve the social determinants of health is critical, so too is ensurin...

    Authors: Gemma Carey, Eleanor Malbon, Daniel Reeders, Anne Kavanagh and Gwynnyth Llewellyn

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:192

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  9. Content type: Research

    There are approximately 2000 mobile health clinics operating in the United States. While researchers have established that mobile health clinics can be cost effective and improve outcomes, there is scant resea...

    Authors: Zoe Bouchelle, Yasmin Rawlins, Caterina Hill, Jennifer Bennet, Leonor Xochitl Perez and Nancy Oriol

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:191

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  10. Content type: Research

    Ethnic minority groups in Vietnam experience economic, social and health inequalities. There are significant disparities in health service utilisation, and cultural, interpersonal and communication barriers im...

    Authors: Shannon McKinn, Thuy Linh Duong, Kirsty Foster and Kirsten McCaffery

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:190

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  11. Content type: Research

    To understand the effect of economic growth on health, we investigated the trend in socio-economic and regional determinants of child health in Mongolia. This Central Asian country had the fastest economic gro...

    Authors: Nehal Joshi, Bolormaa Bolorhon, Indermohan Narula, Shihua Zhu and Semira Manaseki-Hollan

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:189

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    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:35

  12. Content type: Research

    The Chinese government has long been committed to eliminating the inequality in the utilization of health services; however, it still lacks an analysis or measurement of the economy-related inequality in the u...

    Authors: Yuyan Qian, Zhongliang Zhou, Ju’e Yan, Jianmin Gao, Yuping Wang, Xiaowei Yang, Yongjian Xu and Yanli Li

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:186

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  13. Content type: Research

    While previous studies have examined HIV cost expenditures within the United States, the majority of these studies focused on data collected prior to or shortly after the advent and uptake of antiretroviral th...

    Authors: Tiarney D. Ritchwood, Kinfe G. Bishu and Leonard E. Egede

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:188

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  14. Content type: Research

    In 2008, a revised set of public health standards was released in the province of Ontario, Canada. The updated Ontario Public Health Standards (OPHS) introduced a new policy mandate that required local public ...

    Authors: Nadha Hassen, Ingrid Tyler and Heather Manson

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:187

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  15. Content type: Research

    Initiatives on integrated care between hospitals and community health centers (CHCs) have been introduced to transform the current fragmented health care delivery system into an integrated system in China. Up ...

    Authors: Yi Qian, Zhiyuan Hou, Wei Wang, Donglan Zhang and Fei Yan

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:185

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  16. Content type: Research

    The recent economic and financial crisis in Portugal urged the Portuguese Government in April 2011 to request financial assistance from the troika austerity bail out program to get aid for its government debt....

    Authors: Julia Doetsch, Eva Pilot, Paula Santana and Thomas Krafft

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:184

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  17. Content type: Research

    Many organizations seek to alleviate poverty in the developing world, often focusing their interventions on women. The role, status, and education of women are fundamentally important facets of development. Th...

    Authors: Laurie C. Miller, Neena Joshi, Mahendra Lohani, Beatrice Rogers, Shubh Mahato, Shibani Ghosh and Patrick Webb

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:183

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  18. Content type: Systematic review

    Globally, the provision of equitable outcomes for women with breast cancer is a priority for governments. However, there is growing evidence that a socioeconomic status (SES) gradient exists in outcomes across...

    Authors: Greg Lyle, Gilly A. Hendrie and Delia Hendrie

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:182

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  19. Content type: Research

    Dietary diversity has long been recognized as a key element of high quality diets. Minimum Dietary Diversity (MDD) is the consumption of four or more food groups from the seven food groups. Globally, only few ...

    Authors: Dagmawit Solomon, Zewdie Aderaw and Teketo Kassaw Tegegne

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:181

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  20. Content type: Research

    Cancer accounts for one-fifth of the total deaths in China and brings heavy financial burden to patients and their families. Chinese government has made strong commitment to develop three types of social medic...

    Authors: Wenhui Mao, Shenglan Tang, Ying Zhu, Zening Xie and Wen Chen

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:180

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  21. Content type: Research

    Information dealing with social and behavioural risk factors as well as their mechanisms among Mozambican migrants working in South African mines remains undocumented. This study aims to understand the various...

    Authors: Emilia Martins-Fonteyn, Osvaldo Loquiha, Cynthia Baltazar, Subash Thapa, Makini Boothe, Ines Raimundo, Niel Hens, Marc Aerts, Herman Meulemans, Olivier Degomme and Edwin Wouters

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:179

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  22. Content type: Review

    As the U.S. healthcare system transforms its care delivery model to increase healthcare accessibility and improve health outcomes, it is undergoing changes in the context of ever-increasing chronic disease bur...

    Authors: Stephanie W. Y. Yu, Caterina Hill, Mariesa L. Ricks, Jennifer Bennet and Nancy E. Oriol

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:178

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  23. Content type: Research

    In a context of population ageing, it is a priority for planning and prevention to understand the socioeconomic (SE) patterning of functional limitations and its consequences on healthcare needs. This paper ai...

    Authors: Manuel Serrano-Alarcón and Julian Perelman

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:175

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  24. Content type: Research

    In rural China, patients have free choice of health facilities for outpatient services. Comparison studies exploring the attributes of different health facilities can help identify optimal primary care service...

    Authors: Wenhua Wang, Elizabeth Maitland, Stephen Nicholas, Ekaterina Loban and Jeannie Haggerty

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:176

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  25. Content type: Research

    Healthcare financing should be equitable. Fairness in financial contribution and protection against financial risk is based on the notion that every household should pay a fair share. Health policy makers have...

    Authors: Xianjing Qin, Hongye Luo, Jun Feng, Yanning Li, Bo Wei and Qiming Feng

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:174

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  26. Content type: Research

    Socioeconomic status has been operationalised in a variety of ways, most commonly as education, social class, or income. In this study, we also use occupational complexity and a SES-index as alternative measur...

    Authors: Alexander Darin-Mattsson, Stefan Fors and Ingemar Kåreholt

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:173

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  27. Content type: Research

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have higher rates of chronic disease and a lower life expectancy than non-Indigenous Australians. In non-urban areas these health disparities are even larger. The a...

    Authors: Ashleigh Sushames, Terry Engelberg and Klaus Gebel

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:172

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  28. Content type: Research

    National community health worker (CHW) programmes are returning to favour as an integral part of primary health care systems, often on the back of pre-existing community based initiatives. There are significan...

    Authors: Helen Schneider and Nonhlanhla Nxumalo

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:72

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  29. Content type: Research

    This paper uses the concepts of organisational culture and organisational trust to explore the implementation of equity-oriented policies – the Uniform Patient Fee Schedule (UPFS) and Patients’ Rights Charter ...

    Authors: Ermin Erasmus, Lucy Gilson, Veloshnee Govender and Moremi Nkosi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:164

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  30. Content type: Research

    Decision-making on postings and transfers – that is, the geographic deployment of the health workforce – is a key element of health workforce governance. When poorly managed, postings and transfers result in m...

    Authors: Aku Kwamie, Miriam Asiamah, Marta Schaaf and Irene Akua Agyepong

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:85

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  31. Content type: Research

    Decentralisation is argued to promote community participation, accountability, technical efficiency, and equity in the management of resources, and has been a recurring theme in health system reforms for sever...

    Authors: Benjamin Tsofa, Catherine Goodman, Lucy Gilson and Sassy Molyneux

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:169

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  32. Content type: Research

    Participatory health initiatives ideally support progressive social change and stronger collective agency for marginalized groups. However, this empowering potential is often limited by inequalities within com...

    Authors: Kerry Scott, Asha S. George, Steven A. Harvey, Shinjini Mondal, Gupteswar Patel and Kabir Sheikh

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:84

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  33. Content type: Research

    Governance, which includes decision-making at all levels of the health system, and information have been identified as key, interacting levers of health system strengthening. However there is an extensive lite...

    Authors: Vera Scott and Lucy Gilson

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:159

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  34. Content type: Research

    A common challenge for health sector planning and budgeting has been the misalignment between policies, technical planning and budgetary allocation; and inadequate community involvement in priority setting. He...

    Authors: Benjamin Tsofa, Sassy Molyneux, Lucy Gilson and Catherine Goodman

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:151

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  35. Content type: Research

    In March 2013, Kenya transitioned from a centralized to a devolved system of governance. Within the health sector, this entailed the transfer of service provision functions to 47 newly formed semi-autonomous c...

    Authors: Mary M. Nyikuri, Benjamin Tsofa, Philip Okoth, Edwine W. Barasa and Sassy Molyneux

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:113

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  36. Content type: Editorial

    The unifying theme of the papers in this series is a concern for understanding the everyday practice of governance in low- and middle-income country (LMIC) health systems. Rather than seeing governance as a no...

    Authors: Lucy Gilson, Uta Lehmann and Helen Schneider

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:171

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  37. Content type: Research

    Studies assessing associations of childhood psychosocial adversity (e.g. sexual abuse, physical neglect, parental death), as opposed to socioeconomic adversity, with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors i...

    Authors: Emma L. Anderson, Rishi Caleyachetty, Mai Stafford, Diana Kuh, Rebecca Hardy, Debbie A. Lawlor, Abigail Fraser and Laura D. Howe

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:170

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  38. Content type: Research

    Non-communicable chronic diseases in Australia contribute to approximately 85% of the total burden of disease; this proportion is greater for Aboriginal communities. The Get Healthy Service (GHS) is effective ...

    Authors: E. Quinn, B. J. O’Hara, N. Ahmed, S. Winch, B. McGill, D. Banovic, M. Maxwell and C. Rissel

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:168

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  39. Content type: Research

    At the end of the eleven-year conflict in Sierra Leone, a wide range of policies were implemented to address both demand- and supply-side constraints within the healthcare system, which had collapsed during th...

    Authors: Ijeoma Edoka, Barbara McPake, Tim Ensor, Rogers Amara and Joseph Edem-Hotah

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:166

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  40. Content type: Research

    Due to lack of companionship of parents, compared with non left behind children, left behind children (LBC) suffer from more psychological problems compared with children live with their parents. The aim of th...

    Authors: Ye Man, Lv Mengmeng, Li Lezhi, Mao Ting and Zhang Jingping

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:163

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  41. Content type: Research

    Gender difference and life-course socioeconomic inequalities in functional disability may exist among older adults. However, the association is less well understood among Chinese older population. The objectiv...

    Authors: Yaqin Zhong, Jian Wang and Stephen Nicholas

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:165

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  42. Content type: Review

    Conditional Cash Transfers (CCTs) have been largely used in the world during the past decades, since they are known for enhancing children’s human development and promoting social inclusion for the most depriv...

    Authors: Rebeca Carmo de Souza Cruz, Leides Barroso Azevedo de Moura and Joaquim José Soares Neto

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:161

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  43. Content type: Systematic review

    There are varying data on whether socioeconomic status (SES) affects the treatment in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Our aim was to obtain a reliable estimate of the effect of SES on discharge pr...

    Authors: Karice K. Hyun, David Brieger, Mark Woodward, Sarah Richtering and Julie Redfern

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:162

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  44. Content type: Research

    This study assessed willingness to pay for National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) among public servants in Juba City. NHIF is the proposed health insurance scheme for South Sudan and aims at achieving universal...

    Authors: Robert Basaza, Paul Kon Alier, Peter Kirabira, David Ogubi and Richard Lino Loro Lako

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:158

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  45. Content type: Research

    Financial stress is a barrier to successful smoking cessation and a key predictor of relapse. Little is known about the financial situation of low-income Australian daily smokers. This study aims to describe a...

    Authors: Kristy A. Martire, Philip Clare, Ryan J. Courtney, Billie Bonevski, Veronica Boland, Ron Borland, Christopher M. Doran, Michael Farrell, Wayne Hall, Jaimi M. Iredale, Mohammad Siahpush and Richard P. Mattick

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:157

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  46. Content type: Research

    Social marginalization and criminalization create health and safety risks for sex workers and reduce their access to health promotion and prevention services compared to the general population. Community empow...

    Authors: Cecilia Benoit, Lynne Belle-Isle, Michaela Smith, Rachel Phillips, Leah Shumka, Chris Atchison, Mikael Jansson, Charlotte Loppie and Jackson Flagg

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:160

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  47. Content type: Research

    This study is designed to evaluate whether the benefit which the residents received from the national health care system is equal in China. The perceived equality and benefit are used to measure the personal s...

    Authors: Shaoguo Zhai, Pei Wang, Quanfang Dong, Xing Ren, Jiaoli Cai and Peter C. Coyte

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:155

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