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  1. Inappropriate use of Caesarean Section (CS) delivery is partly to blame for Ghana’s high maternal mortality rate. However, previous research offered mixed findings about factors associated with CS use. The goa...

    Authors: Emmanuel Dankwah, Shelley Kirychuk, Wu Zeng, Cindy Feng and Marwa Farag

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:162

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Socioeconomic inequalities in dental care utilization in Iran are rarely documented. This study aimed to provide insight into socioeconomic inequalities in dental care utilization and its main contributing fac...

    Authors: Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Seyed Fahim Irandoost and Yahya Salimi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:161

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. The motivation of health workers is a key concern of policy makers, practitioners and researchers. Public Service Motivation (PSM), defined as the altruistic desire to serve the common interest, to serve other...

    Authors: Zakaria Belrhiti, Wim Van Damme, Abdelmounim Belalia and Bruno Marchal

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:160

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  4. The human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) worldwide. Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBM), and GBM living with HIV in particular, are disproport...

    Authors: Daniel Grace, Mark Gaspar, Ron Rosenes, Ramandip Grewal, Ann N. Burchell, Troy Grennan and Irving E. Salit

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:159

    Content type: Research

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  5. There has been an increasing number of refugee women globally; yet, there is little recent data describing the health profile of refugee women by region of origin in the United States. It is important to monit...

    Authors: May Sudhinaraset, Nuny Cabanting and Marisa Ramos

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:158

    Content type: Research

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  6. A higher risk of common mental health disorders has been found for first-generation migrants in high income countries, but few studies have examined the use of mental health care. This study aimed to identify ...

    Authors: Tania Bosqui, Ari Väänänen, Andre Buscariolli, Aki Koskinen, Dermot O’Reilly, Auli Airila and Anne Kouvonen

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:157

    Content type: Research

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  7. With the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), there is a renewed commitment of tackling the varied challenges of undernutrition, particularly stunting (SDG 2.2). Health equity is also a priori...

    Authors: Maria del Pilar Flores-Quispe, María Clara Restrepo-Méndez, Maria Fátima S. Maia, Leonardo Z. Ferreira and Fernando C. Wehrmeister

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:156

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. Various factors influence health service utilization at the community level. Research on the barriers to uptake of local health services is essential to reduce maternal and child mortality and morbidity. The A...

    Authors: Christopher M. Westgard, Ally Rogers, Giselle Bello and Natalia Rivadeneyra

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:155

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. In Africa, a majority of women bring their infant to health services for immunization, but few are checked in the postpartum (PP) period. The Missed opportunities for maternal and infant health (MOMI) EU-funded p...

    Authors: Danielle Yugbaré Belemsaga, Anne Goujon, Olivier Degomme, Tchichihouenichidah Nassa, Els Duysburgh, Seni Kouanda and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:154

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. Social inequalities in obesity have been observed not only by gender but also between ethnic groups. Evidence on combined dimensions of inequality in health, and specifically including indigenous populations, ...

    Authors: Yercin Mamani Ortiz, Per E. Gustafsson, Miguel San Sebastián Chasco, Ada Ximena Armaza Céspedes, Jenny Marcela Luizaga López, Daniel Elving Illanes Velarde and Paola A. Mosquera Méndez

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:153

    Content type: Research

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  11. Health equity is a multidimensional concept that has been internationally considered as an essential element for health system development. However, our understanding about the root causes of health equity is ...

    Authors: Qiang Yao, Xin Li, Fei Luo, Lianping Yang, Chaojie Liu and Ju Sun

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:152

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  12. Patients belonging to marginalised (medically under-served) groups experience problems with medicines (i.e. non-adherence, side effects) and poorer health outcomes largely due to inequitable access to healthca...

    Authors: Asam Latif, Justin Waring, Kristian Pollock, Josie Solomon, Nargis Gulzar, Shahida Choudhary and Claire Anderson

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:151

    Content type: Research

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  13. Type 1 diabetes is a complex chronic condition which requires lifelong treatment with insulin. Health outcomes are dependent on ability to self-manage the condition. Socioeconomic inequalities have been demons...

    Authors: Anne Scott, Alicia O’Cathain and Elizabeth Goyder

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:150

    Content type: Research

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  14. At the turn of the century, when the Millennium Development Goals placed maternal mortality reduction high on the global agenda, Ethiopia relaxed its restrictive abortion law to expand grounds on which a woman...

    Authors: Getnet Tadele, Haldis Haukanes, Astrid Blystad and Karen Marie Moland

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:138

    Content type: Research

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  15. Unsafe abortion continues to be a major hazard for maternal health in Sub-Saharan Africa, where abortion remains highly controversial and access to safe abortion services is unequally distributed. Although nat...

    Authors: Richard Sambaiga, Haldis Haukanes, Karen Marie Moland and Astrid Blystad

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:135

    Content type: Research

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  16. Unsafe abortion is a major contributor to the continued high global maternal mortality and morbidity rates. Legal abortion frameworks and access to sexuality education and contraception have been pointed out a...

    Authors: Astrid Blystad, Haldis Haukanes, Getnet Tadele, Marte E. S. Haaland, Richard Sambaiga, Joseph Mumba Zulu and Karen Marie Moland

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:126

    Content type: Research

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  17. Reproductive health problems such as HIV, unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion among adolescents are closely linked to insufficient knowledge about sexuality and reproduction and lack of access to contracept...

    Authors: Joseph Mumba Zulu, Astrid Blystad, Marte E. S. Haaland, Charles Michelo, Haldis Haukanes and Karen Marie Moland

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:116

    Content type: Research

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  18. Women’s empowerment may require women to change their beliefs and views about their rights and capabilities. Empowerment programs often target women who have survived sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), w...

    Authors: John Quattrochi, Rosalie Biaba, Ragnhild Nordås, Gudrun Østby, Susanne Alldén, Aline Cikara, Esther Namegabe and Christina Amisi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:149

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. HPV vaccine is a prophylactic vaccine to prevent HPV infections. Recommended by the World Health Organization, this vaccine is clinically proven to be one of the most effective preventive measures against the ...

    Authors: Judy Yuen-man Siu, Timothy K. F. Fung and Leo Ho-man Leung

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:147

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. In 2012, the WHO described the quality of health care as the route to equity and dignity for women and children.

    Authors: Ammal M. Metwally, Rehan M. Saleh, Lobna A. El-Etreby, Somia I. Salama, Ahmed Aboulghate, Hala A. Amer, Asmaa M. Fathy, Reham Yousry, Sherif E. El-Deeb, Ghada A. Abdel-Latif, Dalia M. Elmosalami, Nihad A. Ibrahim, Osama M. Azmy, Tamer Taha, Hanaa M. Imam, Mohamed Abdel Rahman…

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:146

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. Millions of poor households in India undertake short duration rural to urban migration along with their children to find work in the informal economy in the city. While literature has documented the precarity ...

    Authors: Divya Ravindranath, Jean-Francois Trani and Lora Iannotti

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:143

    Content type: Research

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  22. The economic crisis posed various challenges to policy-makers who had to decide on which health policy measures to focus on and on which to refrain from. The aim of this research was to assess the relevance of...

    Authors: Caroline Brall, Peter Schröder-Bäck, Rouven Porz, Farhang Tahzib and Helmut Brand

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:144

    Content type: Research

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  23. Racial discrimination is acknowledged as a central social determinant of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (hereafter referred to as Aboriginal) health, although quantitative empirical literatur...

    Authors: Leah Cave, Matthew N. Cooper, Stephen R. Zubrick and Carrington C. J. Shepherd

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:142

    Content type: Research

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  24. Improving maternal and child health remains a public health priority in Ghana. Despite efforts made towards universal coverage, there are still challenges with access to and utilization of maternal health care...

    Authors: Jacob Novignon, Bernice Ofori, Kwasi Gyabaa Tabiri and Mohammad Habibullah Pulok

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:141

    Content type: Research

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  25. This article aims to clarify the moral underpinning of the policy framework of Healthy Ageing. It is a policy adopted by the World Health Organization designed to operate in alignment with the United Nations (UN)...

    Authors: Kebadu Mekonnen Gebremariam and Ritu Sadana

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:140

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  26. Migrant women at risk of social exclusion often experience health inequities based on gender, country of origin or socioeconomic status. Traditional health promotion programs designed for this population have ...

    Authors: A. Bonmatí-Tomas, M. C. Malagón-Aguilera, S. Gelabert-Vilella, C. Bosch-Farré, L. Vaandrager, M. M. García-Gil and D. Juvinyà-Canal

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:139

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. In Ethiopia it is documented that 16% of all grade repetitions in primary school and 33.9% childhood deaths are associated with undernutrition. School aged children are often omitted from public health researc...

    Authors: Eleni Belay, Simegnew Handebo, Terefe Derso, Amare Tariku and Mekonnen Sisay

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:137

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Indigenous Australians are under-represented in the health workforce, with large disparities between rates of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in every health profession, including nurses, medical practiti...

    Authors: Emma V. Taylor, Alex Lalovic and Sandra C. Thompson

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:136

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  29. One way to achieve universal health coverage (UHC) in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is the implementation of health insurance schemes. A robust and up to date overview of empirical evidence assessing...

    Authors: Suzanne G. M. van Hees, Timothy O’Fallon, Miranda Hofker, Marleen Dekker, Sarah Polack, Lena Morgon Banks and Ernst J. A. M. Spaan

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:134

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  30. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Mexico is one of the highest in the world, with high morbidity and mortality, and difficulty meeting glycemic targets. The purpose of this study was to identify the c...

    Authors: Robin Whittemore, Mireya Vilar-Compte, Selene De La Cerda, Denise Marron, Rosabelle Conover, Roberta Delvy, Annel Lozano-Marrufo and Rafael Pérez-Escamilla

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:133

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Racism is a pervasive experience in the life of Aboriginal Australians that begins in childhood. As a psychosocial stressor, racism compromises wellbeing and impacts developmental trajectories. The purpose of ...

    Authors: D. M. Macedo, L. G. Smithers, R. M. Roberts, Y. Paradies and L. M. Jamieson

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:132

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. The presence of insufficient effort responding participants (IERPs) in a survey can produce systematic bias. Validation questions are commonly used to exclude IERPs. Participants were defined as IERPs if respo...

    Authors: Jingjing Lu, Feng Wang, Xiaomin Wang, Leesa Lin, Weiyi Wang, Lu Li and Xudong Zhou

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:131

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Refugees are potentially at an increased risk for health problems due to their past and current migration experiences. How migration factors shape refugee health is not well understood. We examined the associa...

    Authors: Alison Dowling, Joanne Enticott, Marina Kunin and Grant Russell

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:130

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Hierarchical medical systems are common in developed countries, but it’s not optimistic in China. This study aimed to identify the factors affecting healthcare-seeking behavior among pregnant women in Guangdon...

    Authors: Guihao Liu, Yunlian Xue, Zhenzhu Qian, Liuna Yang, Yunbin Yang, Qingshan Geng and Xin Wang

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:129

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. The newborn and child death associated with inadequate post-natal health checks continued to be a significant issue across the world. This study aimed to assess the socioeconomic inequalities in post-natal hea...

    Authors: Nguyen Duc Lam, Nguyen Duy Anh, Nguyen Thi Thu Ha, Truong Quang Vinh, Vu Thi Mai Anh and Vu Duy Kien

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:128

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Difficulty in accessing sexual and reproductive healthcare is one of the challenges young refugee women face worldwide, in addition to sexual exploitation, violence and abuse. Although Ghana hosts several refu...

    Authors: John Kuumuori Ganle, Doris Amoako, Leonard Baatiema and Muslim Ibrahim

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:127

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Immigrants face barriers in accessing healthcare services in high-income countries. Inequalities in health and access to healthcare services among immigrants have been previously investigated. However, little ...

    Authors: Vivian N. Mbanya, Laura Terragni, Abdi A. Gele, Esperanza Diaz and Bernadette N. Kumar

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:125

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. In this paper we examine the relationship between social capital and two mental health outcomes—self-rated mental health (SRMH) and heavy episodic drinking (HED)—among the Indigenous populations of Canada. We ...

    Authors: Alexander Levesque and Amélie Quesnel-Vallée

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:124

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Despite recent progress in improving access to maternal health services, the utilization of these services remains inequitable among women in developing countries, and rural women are particularly disadvantage...

    Authors: Eugenia Amporfu and Karen A. Grépin

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:123

    Content type: Research

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  40. Unmet need for mental health services remains high in the United States and is disproportionately concentrated in some groups. The scale and nature of these disparities have not been fully elucidated and bear ...

    Authors: Justin C. Yang, Andres Roman-Urrestarazu, Martin McKee and Carol Brayne

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:122

    Content type: Research

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  41. There is a lack of high quality population-based studies from low- and middle-income countries examining the relative economic status of households with and without a member with a mental health problem. The a...

    Authors: Yohannes Hailemichael, Charlotte Hanlon, Kebede Tirfessa, Sumaiyah Docrat, Atalay Alem, Girmay Medhin, Abebaw Fekadu, Crick Lund, Dan Chisholm and Damen Hailemariam

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:121

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Early childhood social and emotional development underpins later social, emotional, academic and other outcomes. The first aim of this study was to explore the association between child, family and area-level ...

    Authors: Anna Williamson, Alison Gibberd, Mark J. Hanly, Emily Banks, Sandra Eades, Kathleen Clapham and Kathleen Falster

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:120

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Considerable evidence has advanced the role of citizen-led coalitions (CLC) in supporting the health and social needs of rural citizens. There has been little research focusing on the experiences and strategie...

    Authors: Kathy L. Rush, Mike Chiasson, Mary Butterfield, Silvia Straka and Barbara Jean Buckley

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:119

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Around the world, millions of people are impoverished due to health care spending. The highest catastrophic health expenditures are found in countries in transition. Our study analyzes the extent of financial ...

    Authors: Chaw-Yin Myint, Milena Pavlova and Wim Groot

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:118

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Croatia and Slovenia were the transit countries on the Balkan route for migrants and refugees from Middle East countries in 2015 and 2016. They had to optimize health care delivery in the special circumstances...

    Authors: Mateja Žagar, Danica Rotar Pavlič, Igor Švab, Alem Maksuti, Boris Ilić, Martina Smrekar and Irena Kovačević

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:117

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. The concept of intersectionality has gradually been introduced to health inequality research, adding depth and breadth to the way inequalities in health are approached. We conducted a scoping review with the p...

    Authors: Nadja Fagrell Trygg, Per E. Gustafsson and Anna Månsdotter

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:115

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  47. People’s social and economic circumstances are important determinants of their health, health experiences, healthcare access, and healthcare outcomes. However, patients’ socioeconomic circumstances are rarely ...

    Authors: Andrew Moscrop, Sue Ziebland, Nia Roberts and Andrew Papanikitas

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2019 18:112

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

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