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  1. Peru is one of the countries with the lowest percentage of population with access to safe drinking water in the Latin American region. This study aimed to describe and estimate, according to city size, socioec...

    Authors: Akram Hernández-Vasquéz, Carlos Rojas-Roque, Denise Marques Sales, Marilina Santero, Guido Bendezu-Quispe, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutiérrez and J. Jaime Miranda

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:133

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. To identify key information regarding potential treatment differences in refugees and the host population, we aimed to investigate patterns (trajectories) of antidepressant use during 3 years before and after ...

    Authors: Ridwanul Amin, Syed Rahman, Magnus Helgesson, Emma Björkenstam, Bo Runeson, Petter Tinghög, Lars Mehlum, Ping Qin and Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:131

    Content type: Research

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  3. Violence against women (VAW) is a vast public health problem in Latin America. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of violence against women and to assess its sociogeographical inequalities i...

    Authors: Agnes Edeby and Miguel San Sebastián

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:130

    Content type: Research

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  4. In the United States, Black and Hispanic mothers have lower breastfeeding rates compared with White mothers. To address breastfeeding inequities, the Breastfeeding Heritage and Pride program (BHP) provides bre...

    Authors: Elizabeth C Rhodes, Grace Damio, Helen Wilde LaPlant, Walter Trymbulak, Carrianne Crummett, Rebecca Surprenant and Rafael Pérez-Escamilla

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:128

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  5. To promote social justice and equity, global health research should meaningfully engage communities throughout projects: from setting agendas onwards. But communities, especially those that are considered disa...

    Authors: Bridget Pratt

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:127

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  6. Improving health equity is a fundamental goal for establishing social health insurance. This article evaluated the benefits of the Integration of Social Medical Insurance (ISMI) policy for health services util...

    Authors: Xiaojing Fan, Min Su, Yafei Si, Yaxin Zhao and Zhongliang Zhou

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:126

    Content type: Research

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  7. Indigenous populations throughout the world experience poorer health outcomes than non-indigenous people. The reasons for the health disparities are complex and due in part to historical treatment of Indigenou...

    Authors: Lisa Vincze, Katelyn Barnes, Mari Somerville, Robyn Littlewood, Heidi Atkins, Ayala Rogany and Lauren T. Williams

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:125

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  8. Socioeconomic inequalities between and within countries lead to disparities in the use of health services. These disparities could lead to child mortality in children under 5 years by depriving them of healthc...

    Authors: Joel D. Bognini, Sekou Samadoulougou, Mady Ouedraogo, Tiga David Kangoye, Carine Van Malderen, Halidou Tinto and Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:124

    Content type: Research

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  9. Understanding how to create structural change by actively counteracting racialized ways of interacting with Indigenous peoples at an individual and organizational level within health care systems and health pr...

    Authors: Amélie Blanchet Garneau, Marilou Bélisle, Patrick Lavoie and Catherine Laurent Sédillot

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:123

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  10. After achieving universal basic medical insurance coverage, Chinese government put the development of private health insurance (PHI) on its agenda to further strengthen financial risk protection. This paper ai...

    Authors: Xian-zhi Fu

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:122

    Content type: Research

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  11. Poor access to healthcare facilities and consequently nutrition counseling services hinders the uptake of recommended infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. To address these barriers and improve IYCF...

    Authors: Tuan T. Nguyen, Nemat Hajeebhoy, Jia Li, Chung T. Do, Roger Mathisen and Edward A. Frongillo

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:121

    Content type: Research

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  12. Following the 2008 economic crisis many countries implemented austerity policies, including reducing public spending on health services. This paper evaluates the trends and equity in the use of health services...

    Authors: Almudena Moreno, Lourdes Lostao, Johannes Beller, Stefanie Sperlich, Elena Ronda, Siegfried Geyer, José Pulido and Enrique Regidor

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:120

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  13. Despite an overt commitment to equity, health inequities are evident throughout Aotearoa New Zealand. A general practice electronic alert system was developed to notify clinicians about their patient’s risk of...

    Authors: Sharon Leitch, Jiaxu Zeng, Alesha Smith and Tim Stokes

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:119

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. This study describes an interdiscursive evidence-based priority setting process with pregnant and parenting adolescents and their services providers.

    Authors: Anna Dion, Aime Klevor, Amy Nakajima and Neil Andersson

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:118

    Content type: Research

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  15. Access to healthcare services has major implications for vulnerable populations’ health. Socio-cultural and gender characteristics shape the utilization and access of healthcare services among ethnic minoritie...

    Authors: Haneen Shibli, Limor Aharonson-Daniel and Paula Feder-Bubis

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:117

    Content type: Research

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  16. Countries are working hard to improve access to healthcare through Universal Healthcare Coverage. To genuinely address the problems of healthcare access, we need to recognize all the dimensions and complexitie...

    Authors: Anthony Cu, Sofia Meister, Bertrand Lefebvre and Valéry Ridde

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:116

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  17. Suboptimal breastfeeding rates in South Africa have been attributed to the relatively easy access that women and families have had to infant formula, in part as a result of programs to prevent maternal-to-chil...

    Authors: Debbie Vitalis, Mireya Vilar-Compte, Kate Nyhan and Rafael Pérez-Escamilla

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:114

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  18. Several middle and upper income countries carry out household surveys that seek to trace the profile of access and use of health services. Probably one of the most ambitious examples is Brazil, with its Nation...

    Authors: Luiz Felipe Pinto, Otavio Pereira D’Avila, Lisiane Hauser and Erno Harzheim

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:113

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  19. The World Health Organisation framed responsiveness, fair financing and equity as intrinsic goals of health systems. However, of the three, responsiveness received significantly less attention. Responsiveness ...

    Authors: Gadija Khan, Nancy Kagwanja, Eleanor Whyle, Lucy Gilson, Sassy Molyneux, Nikki Schaay, Benjamin Tsofa, Edwine Barasa and Jill Olivier

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:112

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  20. Socio-economic inequities can strongly influence suboptimal infant feeding outcomes. Factors such as lack of knowledge about breastfeeding, low family income, low educational attainment, social and economic st...

    Authors: Wen Shu, Menglong Li, Nubiya Amaerjiang, Xin Fan, Shunna Lin, Sofia Segura-Pérez, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla and Yifei Hu

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:111

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  21. Breastfeeding can be affected by maternal employment. This is important considering that in 2019, 47.1% of women globally participated in the labor force. The aim of this study was to review workplace interven...

    Authors: Mireya Vilar-Compte, Sonia Hernández-Cordero, Mónica Ancira-Moreno, Soraya Burrola-Méndez, Isabel Ferre-Eguiluz, Isabel Omaña and Cecilia Pérez Navarro

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:110

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  22. As under-5 mortality rates declined all over the world, the relative distribution of under-5 deaths during different periods of life changed. To provide information for policymakers to plan for multi-layer hea...

    Authors: Zhihui Li, Omar Karlsson, Rockli Kim and S. V. Subramanian

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:109

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. We assessed the prevalence and trends in racial discrimination among African Canadian adolescents in British Columbia. The association between racial discrimination and self-rated health, access to mental heal...

    Authors: Helen U. Okoye and Elizabeth Saewyc

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:108

    Content type: Research

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  24. The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has significantly impacted the global economy, by forcing people to stay indoors and creating a ‘new normal’ of living. Rwanda has made notable efforts to fight the pandemic....

    Authors: Emery Manirambona, Theogene Uwizeyimana, Emmanuel Uwiringiyimana and Henna Reddy

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:107

    Content type: Commentary

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  25. Partial- or full-lockdowns, among other interventions during the COVID-19 pandemic, may disproportionally affect people (their behaviors and health outcomes) with lower socioeconomic status (SES). This study e...

    Authors: Peng Nie, Lanlin Ding, Zhuo Chen, Shiyong Liu, Qi Zhang, Zumin Shi, Lu Wang, Hong Xue, Gordon G. Liu and Youfa Wang

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:106

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Inequalities in healthcare utilization exist across ethnic groups; however, the contributions of health-related knowledge and psychosocial factors to these inequalities remain unclear. We examined associations...

    Authors: Shira Sagie, Wasef Na’amnih, Juda Frej, Gershon Alpert and Khitam Muhsen

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:105

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. The rising prevalence of type 2 diabetes results in a worldwide public healthcare crisis, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) with unprepared and overburdened health systems mainly focused o...

    Authors: Christine Cécile Leyns, Niek Couvreur, Sara Willems and Ann Van Hecke

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:104

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people do not enjoy equal access to specialist health services that adequately meet their needs. Clinical genetics services are at the vanguard of realising the health ben...

    Authors: Philippa Dalach, Ravi Savarirayan, Gareth Baynam, Julie McGaughran, Emma Kowal, Libby Massey, Misty Jenkins, Yin Paradies and Margaret Kelaher

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:103

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Antenatal care (ANC) is an essential intervention associated with a reduction of maternal and new-born morbidity and mortality. However, evidence suggested substantial inequalities in maternal and child health...

    Authors: Luisa Arroyave, Ghada E. Saad, Cesar G. Victora and Aluisio J. D. Barros

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:102

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Rapid urbanization increases competition for scarce urban resources and underlines the need for policies that promote equitable access to resources. This study examined equity and social inclusion of urban dev...

    Authors: Obinna Onwujekwe, Chinyere Ojiugo Mbachu, Chukwuedozie Ajaero, Benjamin Uzochukwu, Prince Agwu, Juliana Onuh, Charles Tochukwu Orjiakor, Aloysius Odii and Tolib Mirzoev

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:101

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  31. Measurement of patients’ healthcare experiences is increasingly used as an indicator of quality of care, but there are concerns that existing measures omit information that is meaningful to patients and that r...

    Authors: Monica Green, Joan Cunningham, Kate Anderson, Kalinda Griffiths and Gail Garvey

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:100

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Health social enterprises are experimenting with community health worker (CHW) models that allow for various income-generating opportunities to motivate and incentivize CHWs. Although evidence shows that impro...

    Authors: Kevin McKague, Sarah Harrison and Jenipher Musoke

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:98

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Melissa Perri, Amy Craig-Neil, Mark Gaspar, Charlotte Hunter, Claire Kendall, Ower Alexander and Andrew D. Pinto

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:97

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:36

  34. Providing an enabling environment for breastfeeding is hampered by the inequitable implementation of paid maternity leave, primarily due to perceived or actual financial costs. To estimate the real cost of pai...

    Authors: Adiatma Y. M. Siregar, Pipit Pitriyan, Donny Hardiawan, Paul Zambrano and Roger Mathisen

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:95

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Latin America, with its culturally and ethnically diverse populations, its burgeoning economies, high levels of violence, growing political instability, and its striking levels of inequality, is a region that ...

    Authors: Ana Lorena Ruano, Daniela Rodríguez, Pablo Gaitán Rossi and Daniel Maceira

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:94

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on:

  36. Primary Health Care (PHC) is the entry point to accessing health services in many countries. Having a high proportion of the population enrolled with a PHC provider is key to ensuring PHC fulfils this role and...

    Authors: Maite Irurzun-Lopez, Mona Jeffreys and Jacqueline Cumming

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:93

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. The United Kingdom has one of the lowest breastfeeding rates in Europe, with the initiation and continuation of breastfeeding shown to be closely related to the mothers’ age, ethnicity and social class. Whilst...

    Authors: Erica Jane Cook, Faye Powell, Nasreen Ali, Catrin Penn-Jones, Bertha Ochieng and Gurch Randhawa

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:92

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. COVID-19 has an inevitable burden on public health, potentially widening the gender gap in healthcare and the economy. We aimed to assess gender-based desparities during COVID-19 in Jordan in terms of health i...

    Authors: Mohammad Abufaraj, Zaid Eyadat, Mohammed Qussay Al-sabbagh, Abdullah Nimer, Immanuel Azaad Moonesar, Lin Yang, Walid Al Khatib and Ra’eda Al-Qutob

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:91

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. This study aims to assess the COVID-19 response preparedness of the Mozambican health system by 1) determining the location of oxygen-ready public health facilities, 2) estimating the oxygen treatment capacity...

    Authors: Langan Denhard, Parisa Kaviany, Sérgio Chicumbe, Cláudio Muianga, Guitunga Laisse, Kyle Aune and Ashley Sheffel

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:90

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Parents of children following traumatic medical events (TMEs) are known to be at high risk for developing severe post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Findings on the negative impact of TMEs on parents’ PTSS ...

    Authors: Sewar Hussein, Yaara Sadeh, Rachel Dekel, Efrat Shadmi, Amichai Brezner, Jana Landa and Tamar Silberg

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:89

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Nearly 90,000 under-five children die from diarrhoea annually in Nigeria. Over 90% of the deaths can be prevented with oral rehydration salt (ORS) and zinc treatment but coverage nationally was less than 34% f...

    Authors: Tiwadayo Braimoh, Isaac Danat, Mohammed Abubakar, Obinna Ajeroh, Melinda Stanley, Owens Wiwa, Marta Rose Prescott and Felix Lam

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:88

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Sex and gender have been shown to influence health literacy, health seeking behaviour, and health outcomes. However, research examining the links between gender and health has mainly focused on women’s health,...

    Authors: Thierry Beia, Karina Kielmann and Karin Diaconu

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:87

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  43. Our research summarized policy disparities in response to the first wave of COVID-19 between China and Germany. We look forward to providing policy experience for other countries still in severe epidemics.

    Authors: Yuyao Zhang, Leiyu Shi, Haiqian Chen, Xiaohan Wang and Gang Sun

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:86

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Estimates of catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) are counterintuitive to researchers, policy makers, and developmental partners due to data and methodological limitation. While inferences drawn from use of c...

    Authors: Sanjay K. Mohanty and Laxmi Kant Dwivedi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:85

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. In Spain, homeless individuals have lower perceived quality of health than the rest of the population and their life expectancy is 30 years lower than the national average. While the Spanish health system prov...

    Authors: Andrés Cernadas and Ángela Fernández

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:84

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. There are inequalities in breastfeeding initiation and continuation rates, whereby socio-economically disadvantaged mothers are least likely to breastfeed. Breastfeeding peer support (BPS) interventions are re...

    Authors: Louise Hunt, Gill Thomson, Karen Whittaker and Fiona Dykes

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:83

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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