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  1. Although India has made significant progress in institutional delivery after the implementation of the National Rural Health Mission under which the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a sub-programme which played...

    Authors: Prem Shankar Mishra, Pradeep Kumar and Shobhit Srivastava

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:24

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has resulted in an enormous dislocation of society especially in South Africa. The South African government has imposed a number of measures aimed at controlling the pan...

    Authors: Chijioke O. Nwosu and Adeola Oyenubi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:21

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), low levels of formal maternal educational are positively associated with breastfeeding whereas the reverse is true among women with higher levels of formal educatio...

    Authors: Paulo A. R. Neves, Aluisio J. D. Barros, Giovanna Gatica-Domínguez, Juliana S. Vaz, Phillip Baker and Chessa K. Lutter

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  4. In many African settings, gender strongly influences household treatment-seeking and decision-making for childhood illnesses. While mothers are often the primary engagers with health facilities, their independ...

    Authors: Kui Muraya, Michael Ogutu, Mercy Mwadhi, Jennifer Mikusa, Maureen Okinyi, Charity Magawi, Scholastica Zakayo, Rita Njeru, Sarma Haribondhu, Md. Fakhar Uddin, Vicki Marsh, Judd L. Walson, James Berkley and Sassy Molyneux

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:17

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  5. Supply driven programs that are not closely connected to community demand and demand-driven programs that fail to ensure supply both risk worsening inequity. Understanding patterns of uptake of behaviors among...

    Authors: Sarker Masud Parvez, Musarrat Jabeen Rahman, Rashidul Azad, Mahbubur Rahman, Leanne Unicomb, Sania Ashraf, Momenul Haque Mondol, Farjana Jahan, Peter J. Winch and Stephen P. Luby

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  6. Family physician-contracted service (FPCs) has been recently implemented in Chinese primary care settings. This study was aimed at measuring the effects of FPCs on residents’ health-related quality of life (HR...

    Authors: Sha Lai, Li Lu, Zhongliang Zhou, Chi Shen, Xiaowei Yang, Yaxin Zhao and Xiaolong Zhang

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  7. It is well established that racism is a fundamental contributor to poor health and inequities. There is consistent evidence of high exposure to discrimination among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indig...

    Authors: Katherine A. Thurber, Jennie Walker, Philip J. Batterham, Gilbert C. Gee, Jan Chapman, Naomi Priest, Rubijayne Cohen, Roxanne Jones, Alice Richardson, Alison L. Calear, David R. Williams and Raymond Lovett

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:14

    Content type: Research

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  8. Help seeking behaviour amongst married women who experienced Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has received limited attention in Africa. This study examines the geographic variation and investigates determinants...

    Authors: Muluken Dessalegn Muluneh, Yeshemebet Worku Alemu and Maereg Wagnew Meazaw

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. Equity is a guiding principle of the Global Strategy for Women, Children and Adolescents’ Health (2016–2030) aimed at improving adolescent health and responding more effectively to adolescents’ needs. We inves...

    Authors: Mohamed M. Ali, Leena Merdad and Saverio Bellizzi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. Increasing the coverage of community-based treatment of childhood pneumonia (CCM) is part of the strategy to improve child survival, increase life-expectancy at birth and promote equity in Ethiopia. However, f...

    Authors: Maria Olsen, Ole F. Norheim and Solomon Tessema Memirie

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:9

    Content type: Research

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  11. Indigenous populations have remained strong and resilient in maintaining their unique culture and values, despite centuries of colonial oppression. Unfortunately, a consequential result of facing years of adve...

    Authors: Sahr Wali, Stefan Superina, Angela Mashford-Pringle, Heather Ross and Joseph A. Cafazzo

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:8

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  12. High out-of-pocket health expenditure is a common problem in developing countries. The employed population, rather than the general population, can be considered the main contributor to healthcare financing in...

    Authors: Ochirbat Batbold and Christy Pu

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  13. Korea’s health security system named the National Health Insurance and Medical Aid has revolutionized the nation’s mandatory health insurance and continues to reduce excessive copayments. However, few studies ...

    Authors: Sun Mi Shin and Hee Woo Lee

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. The aim of this study is to monitor the concept of ‘leaving no one behind’ in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to track the implications of the mobilization of health care resources by the National Hea...

    Authors: Ashraf Mansour, Nithat Sirichotiratana, Chukiat Viwatwongkasem, Mahmud Khan and Samrit Srithamrongsawat

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. This paper focuses on the particular challenges in cancer prevention and control (CPC) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In particular, this paper extrapolates challenges and opportunities in Armeni...

    Authors: Carla J. Berg, Arusyak Harutyunyan, Nino Paichadze, Adnan A. Hyder and Varduhi Petrosyan

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:4

    Content type: Commentary

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  16. Despite being the wealthiest and one of the most technologically advanced countries in the world, the United States has the greatest number of Covid-19 cases and deaths. What accounts for this failure? The dis...

    Authors: Neil A. (Tony) Holtzman

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:3

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  17. This paper aimed at estimating the resources required to implement a community Score Card by a typical rural district health team in Uganda, as a mechanism for fostering accountability, utilization and quality...

    Authors: Anthony Ssebagereka, Rebecca Racheal Apolot, Evelyne Baelvina Nyachwo and Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. Uterine fibroids, the most common cause of gynecologic surgery, have a reported cumulative incidence of 59% among Black women in the U.S. Uterine fibroids negatively impact the quality of women’s lives. No stu...

    Authors: Christophe Millien, Anatole Manzi, Arlene M. Katz, Hannah Gilbert, Mary C. Smith Fawzi, Paul E. Farmer and Joia Mukherjee

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2021 20:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. The COVID-19 crisis in India negatively impacted mental health due to both the disease and the harsh lockdown, yet there are almost no qualitative studies describing mental health impacts or the strategies of ...

    Authors: Kaaren Mathias, Meenal Rawat, Sharad Philip and Nathan Grills

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:224

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. We examined urban-rural differences in educational inequalities in mortality in the Baltic countries (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania) and Finland in the context of macroeconomic changes. Educational inequalities a...

    Authors: M. Leinsalu, A. Baburin, D. Jasilionis, J. Krumins, P. Martikainen and A. Stickley

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:223

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  21. It is well established that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations face considerable health inequities, exacerbated by poorer healthcare quality. Patient experience is recognised as a major contribu...

    Authors: Benjamin Jones, David Heslop and Reema Harrison

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:222

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  22. Persistent low rates of case notification and treatment coverage reflect that accessing diagnosis and treatment for drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) in Nigeria remains a challenge, even though it is provide...

    Authors: Charity Oga-Omenka, Florence Bada, Aderonke Agbaje, Patrick Dakum, Dick Menzies and Christina Zarowsky

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:221

    Content type: Research

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  23. This editorial provides an introduction to the special issue on “Lessons about intervening in accountability ecosystems: implementation of community scorecards in Bangladesh and Uganda”. We start by describing...

    Authors: Sara Bennett, Eizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Shehrin Shaila Mahmood, Ligia Paina and David H. Peters

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:220

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on:

  24. As a key part of the new round of health reform, the zero-markup drug policy (ZMDP) removed the profit margins of drug sales at public health care facilities, and had some effects to the operation of these ins...

    Authors: Xiaofeng Jiang, Ping He, Dawei Zhu, Xuefeng Shi and Qingyue Meng

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:219

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Residential segregation can foster health inequality mechanisms by increasing stress related to neighborhood violence and disorder.

    Authors: Nihaya Daoud, Samira Alfayumi-Zeadna, Aviad Tur-Sinai, Nabil Geraisy and Ilan Talmud

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:218

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. The National Health Mission (NHM), the largest ever publicly funded health programme worldwide, used over half of the national health budget in India and primarily aimed to improve maternal and child health in...

    Authors: Sanjay K. Mohanty, Radhe Shyam Mishra, Suyash Mishra and Soumendu Sen

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:217

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. While equity is a central concern in promoting Universal Health Coverage (UHC), the impact of social exclusion on equity in UHC remains underexplored. This paper examines challenges faced by socially excluded ...

    Authors: Jeannie Samuel, Walter Flores and Ariel Frisancho

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:216

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Increasing mortality among men from drugs, alcohol and suicides is a growing public health concern in many countries. Collectively known as “deaths of despair”, they are seen to stem from unprecedented economi...

    Authors: Mirjam Allik, Denise Brown, Ruth Dundas and Alastair H. Leyland

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:215

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Dying at home is the most frequent preference of patients with advanced chronic conditions, their caregivers, and the general population. However, most deaths continue to occur in hospitals. The objective of t...

    Authors: Andreu Nolasco, Manuel Fernández-Alcántara, Pamela Pereyra-Zamora, María José Cabañero-Martínez, José M. Copete, Adriana Oliva-Arocas and Julio Cabrero-García

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:214

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. One in four Kenyans aged 18–69 years have raised blood pressure. Despite this high prevalence of hypertension and known association between socioeconomic status and hypertension, there is limited understanding...

    Authors: Samwel Maina Gatimu and Thomas Wiswa John

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:213

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer in women in the developed world. In order to find developing cancers in an early stage, BC screening is commonly used. In Flanders, screening is performed in and ou...

    Authors: L. Ding, S. Jidkova, M. J. W. Greuter, K. Van Herck, M. Goossens, P. Martens, G. H. de Bock and G. Van Hal

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:212

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Jiangsu was one of the first four pilot provinces to engage in comprehensive health care reform in China, which has been on-going for the past 5 years. This study aims to evaluate the equity, efficiency and pr...

    Authors: Qian Li, Jianjun Wei, Fengchang Jiang, Guixiang Zhou, Rilei Jiang, Meijuan Chen, Xu Zhang and Wanjin Hu

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:211

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Culturally competent maternity care provision to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women was identified as a priority area by Australia’s National Maternity Services Plan in 2011. While midwifery programs ...

    Authors: Rosalie D. Thackrah, Jennifer Wood and Sandra C. Thompson

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:210

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. The province of Quebec (Canada) has implemented a breast cancer screening program to diagnose this cancer at an early stage. The strategy is to refer women 50 to 69 years old for a mammogram every two years by...

    Authors: Marie-France Raynault, Christelle Féthière and Dominique Côté

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:209

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Informal caregiving during hospitalization of older adults is significantly related to hospital processes and patient outcomes. Studies in home settings demonstrate that ethno-cultural background is related to...

    Authors: Ksenya Shulyaev, Nurit Gur-Yaish, Efrat Shadmi and Anna Zisberg

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:208

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Health-related stigma is a complex phenomenon, the experience of which intersects with those of other adversities arising from a diversity of social inequalities and oppressive identities like gender, sexualit...

    Authors: Sarju Sing Rai, Ruth M. H. Peters, Elena V. Syurina, Irwanto Irwanto, Denise Naniche and Marjolein B. M. Zweekhorst

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:206

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Although the Thai government has introduced policies to promote the health of migrants, it is still the case that urban refugees and asylum seekers (URAS) seem to be neglected. This study aimed to explore the ...

    Authors: Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Pigunkaew Sinam, Mathudara Phaiyarom, Nareerut Pudpong, Sataporn Julchoo, Watinee Kunpeuk and Panithee Thammawijaya

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:205

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. High price is a major challenge limiting access to essential medicines especially among the poorest families in developing countries. The study aims to compare the prices of medicines used in the management of...

    Authors: Rashid Bakari Kirua, Mary Justin Temu and Amani Thomas Mori

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:203

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. While in general a country’s life expectancy increases with national income, some countries “punch above their weight”, while some “punch below their weight” – achieving higher or lower life expectancy than wo...

    Authors: Toby Freeman, Hailay Abrha Gesesew, Clare Bambra, Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani, Jennie Popay, David Sanders, James Macinko, Connie Musolino and Fran Baum

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:202

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Mobile clinics have been used to deliver primary health care to populations that otherwise experience difficulty in accessing services. Indigenous populations in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United ...

    Authors: Hannah Beks, Geraldine Ewing, James A. Charles, Fiona Mitchell, Yin Paradies, Robyn A. Clark and Vincent L. Versace

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:201

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  41. Reproductive and child health interventions are essential to improving population health in Africa. In Mozambique, although some progress on reproductive and child health has been made, knowledge of social ine...

    Authors: Chanvo Daca, Miguel San Sebastian, Carlos Arnaldo and Barbara Schumann

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:200

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. While the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is an ongoing worldwide, including South Korea (hereinafter Korea), it is impossible to predict the duration of the pandemic. To stop the spread of COVID-...

    Authors: Ja Young Kim, Jin-Ok Han and Heeyoung Lee

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:198

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  43. Mental health in a context of international migration is a particularly pressing issue, as migration is recognised as a social determinant of physical and mental health. As Chile is increasingly becoming a rec...

    Authors: Alice Blukacz, Báltica Cabieses and Niina Markkula

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:197

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  44. Like many other Latin America- and Caribbean countries, Peru has introduced a tax-financed health insurance scheme called “Sistema Integral de Salud (SIS)” to foster progress towards Universal Health Coverage....

    Authors: Eduardo Ramos Rosas, Volker Winkler, Stephan Brenner and Manuela De Allegri

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:195

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. The government of Bangladesh initiated community clinics (CC) to extend the reach of public health services and these facilities were planned to be run through community participation. However, utilisation of ...

    Authors: S. M. A. Hanifi, Aazia Hossain, Asiful Haidar Chowdhury, Shahidul Hoque, Mohammad Abdus Selim, Shehrin Shaila Mahmood and Abbas Bhuiya

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2020 19:149

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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