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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria for the empirical paper review

From: The use of legal empowerment to improve access to quality health services: a scoping review

Inclusion Exclusion
The paper describes a legal empowerment programme addressing – but not necessarily exclusively—proximate determinants of health, such as health service access or quality, or social determinants of health that have an immediate impact on health and that are framed as a health determinant in the paper, such as water/sanitation The paper describes a legal empowerment programme addressing distal determinants of health (e.g. interaction with the criminal justice system or housing), and is not framed in terms of health
As per our definition of legal empowerment, the paper describes a programme that starts from entitlements that are formally enshrined in domestic law or widely understood in customary law, has an element of grievance redress for individuals, is part of a collective effort to mobilize people to raise awareness and challenge violations, and is embedded in communities Irrespective of whether the paper refers to the programme described as “legal empowerment,” the programme described does not meet the definition of legal empowerment we are applying in this review
Paper describes a legal empowerment programme addressing health in a low- or middle-income country Paper describes a legal empowerment programme addressing health in a high-income country
Paper is in the English, Arabic, or French languages Paper is in a language other than English, French, or Arabic