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Table 3 Relative inequalities in mortality during the first COVID-19 wave among the Belgian population aged 65–84 years, by gender and care home

From: Are we really all in this together? The social patterning of mortality during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Belgium

  No care home Care home
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 1 Model 2
MRR 95% C.I. MRR 95% C.I. MRR 95% C.I. MRR 95% C.I. MRR 95% C.I.
Men
Age at census 1.10 1.10–1.11 1.10 1.09–1.10 1.10 1.10–1.11 1.05 1.04–1.06 1.05 1.04–1.06
Educational level
  Primary or less 1.19 1.14–1.25 1.13 1.08–1.19 1.12 1.07–1.18 1.05 0.96–1.15 1.06 0.96–1.17
  Lower secondary 1.02 0.97–1.07 1.00 0.96–1.05 1.02 0.97–1.07 1.05 0.94–1.16 1.04 0.93–1.16
  Upper secondary 0.91 0.86–0.96 0.93 0.88–0.98 0.95 0.90–1.00 1.00 0.88–1.13 0.99 0.87–1.12
  Higher education 0.73 0.69–0.77 0.82 0.77–0.87 0.84 0.79–0.89 0.84 0.73–0.97 0.82 0.71–0.96
  Missing 1.23 1.15–1.32 1.16 1.08–1.25 1.10 1.03–1.19 1.08 0.96–1.22 1.12 0.99–1.27
Income level
  Low    1.12 1.05–1.19 1.15 1.08–1.23    1.05 0.93–1.18
  Middle    0.95 0.89–1.01 1.00 0.94–1.06    1.12 0.99–1.27
  High    0.74 0.68–0.80 0.78 0.72–0.84    1.13 0.94–1.36
  Missing    1.28 1.10–1.49 1.12 0.96–1.31    0.75 0.58–0.98
Living situation
  With partner      0.51 0.47–0.55     
  Without partner      0.75 0.70–0.81     
  Other      0.73 0.65–0.82     
  Collective HH      3.57 3.00–4.24     
 Likelihood-ratio test 2142.58 89.10 331.71 78.51 5.32
 Prob > chi2 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.1499
Women
Age at census 1.11 1.10–1.11 1.11 1.10–1.11 1.10 1.10–1.11 1.03 1.01–1.04 1.02 1.01–1.04
Educational level
  Primary or less 1.20 1.14–1.26 1.18 1.12–1.25 1.17 1.10–1.23 1.04 0.96–1.13 1.04 0.95–1.14
  Lower secondary 1.04 0.98–1.10 1.03 0.97–1.09 1.04 0.98–1.11 1.06 0.96–1.16 1.05 0.95–1.15
  Upper secondary 0.85 0.79–0.91 0.85 0.79–0.91 0.86 0.81–0.93 1.02 0.91–1.15 1.01 0.90–1.14
  Higher education 0.76 0.70–0.82 0.79 0.73–0.86 0.83 0.76–0.90 0.84 0.72–0.96 0.83 0.71–0.97
  Missing 1.25 1.15–1.36 1.22 1.12–1.33 1.15 1.05–1.25 1.06 0.95–1.20 1.09 0.97–1.23
Income level
  Low    1.01 0.94–1.09 1.13 1.05–1.22    1.07 0.96–1.20
  Middle    1.02 0.94–1.10 1.03 0.95–1.11    1.16 1.02–1.31
  High    0.88 0.79–0.98 0.91 0.82–1.02    1.07 0.88–1.29
  Missing    1.11 0.94–1.31 0.95 0.79–1.13    0.76 0.58–0.99
Living situation
  With partner      0.48 0.44–0.53     
  Without partner      0.63 0.57–0.69     
  Other      0.87 0.77–0.99     
  Collective HH      3.76 2.96–4.79     
 Likelihood-ratio test 1625.45 5.41 179.05 27.50 6.45
 Prob > chi2 0.0000 0.1439 0.0000 0.0000 0.0916
  1. MRR Mortality rate ratio, C.I. Confidence interval