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Table.4 Direct effects between SEP, the mediators and physical performance (PF) that were different between cohorts

From: Changes in the role of explanatory factors for socioeconomic inequalities in physical performance: a comparative study of three birth cohorts

  28/37-cohort 38/47-cohort 48/57-cohort
  Beta 95% CI   Beta 95% CI   Beta 95% CI  
Behavioural factors          
Smoking          
C’: SEP on PF 0.173 0.110 0.236 0.209  0.146 0.273 0.158 0.098 0.217
B: Smoking on PF -0.082  -0.142 -0.023 -0.031 -0.087 0.026 -0.083 -0.140 -0.025
A: SEP on Smoking -0.026C -0.089 0.036 -0.128C -0.193 -0.064 -0.231A,B -0.291 -0.172
Binge alcohol use          
C’: SEP on PF 0.176 0.113 0.239 0.213  0.148 0.277 0.163 0.105 0.221
B: Alcohol on PF 0.009C -0.048 0.066 -0.005C -0.063 0.053 -0.102 -0.159 -0.045
A: SEP on Alcohol -0.103 -0.166 -0.041 -0.128 0.053 -0.066 -0.132 -0.192 -0.072
Physical activity          
C’: SEP on PF 0.177 0.114 0.239 0.212 0.149 0.274 0.179 0.122 0.236
B: Physical activity on PF 0.080 0.020 0.141 0.135 0.075 0.195 0.099 0.045 0.153
A: SEP on Physical activity -0.012 -0.071 0.047 0.054 -0.005 0.113 -0.017 -0.074 0.039
BMI          
C’: SEP on PF 0.157 0.092 0.221 0.200  0.136 0.264 0.150 0.091 0.208
B: BMI on PF -0.087 -0.146 -0.027 -0.090 -0.146 -0.033 -0.121 -0.179 -0.063
A: SEP on BMI -0.201 -0.265 -0.136 -0.151 -0.216 -0.085 -0.228 -0.288 -0.169
Social factors          
Divorce*          
C’: SEP on PF 0.174 0.111 0.237 0.217 0.154 0.280 0.182 0.125 0.238
B: Divorce on PF -0.005 -0.064 0.055 0.037 -0.027 0.102 -0.061 -0.119 -0.003
A: SEP on Divorce 0.052 -0.005 0.109 -0.034 -0.088 0.019 -0.055 -0.106 -0.003
Social factors          
Network size          
C’: SEP on PF 0.161 0.098 0.225 0.205 0.141 0.270 0.162 0.106 0.219
B: Network size on PF 0.099 0.045 0.153 0.042C -0.012 0.096 0.195B 0.145 0.246
A: SEP on Network size 0.142 0.080 0.204 0.191C 0.131 0.252 0.063B 0.005 0.120
Network composition          
C’: SEP on PF 0.174 0.111 0.236 0.211 0.148 0.274 0.182 0.126 0.239
B: Network composition on PF 0.116 0.063 0.170 0.069 0.015 0.122 0.157 0.105 0.208
A: SEP on Network composition 0.011 -0.052 0.074 0.018 -0.044 0.081 -0.055 -0.137 0.002
Instrumental support          
C’: SEP on PF 0.175 0.113 0.238 0.211 0.132 0.253 0.181 0.123 0.238
B: Instrumental support on PF 0.019B -0.035 0.073 -0.080A,C -0.137 -0.029 0.057B 0.005 0.109
A: SEP on Instrumental support -0.017 -0.080 0.047 -0.050C -0.100 0.021 -0.068 -0.126 -0.010
Emotional support          
C’: SEP on PF 0.164 0.100 0.227 0.202 0.137 0.267 0.145 0.086 0.204
B: Emotional support on PF 0.084 0.028 0.140 0.051C -0.008 0.110 0.141B 0.083 0.198
A: SEP on Emotional support 0.133 0.073 0.193 0.217 0.161 0.273 0.220 0.169 0.272
Psychological factors          
Crystallized intelligence (CI)          
C’: SEP on PF 0.133 0.047 0.219 0.178 0.083 0.272 0.174 0.099 0.249
B: CI on PF 0.073 0.021 0.130 0.050 -0.038 0.138 0.004 -0.074 0.082
A: SEP on CI 0.610C 0.565 0.656 0.663C 0.621 0.705 0.539A,B 0.488 0.589
Mastery          
C’: SEP on PF 0.163 0.100 0.226 0.161 0.096 0.226 0.140 0.081 0.200
B: Mastery on PF 0.147 0.093 0.202 0.213 0.160 0.267 0.147 0.092 0.201
A: SEP on Mastery 0.096B 0.033 0.159 0.250A 0.189 0.311 0.262 0.207 0.318
Self-efficacy          
C’: SEP on PF 0.154 0.090 0.219 0.172 0.106 0.239 0.125 0.062 0.187
B: Self-efficacy on PF 0.095 0.039 0.151 0.142 0.085 0.199 0.145 0.089 0.201
A: SEP on Self-efficacy 0.239B,C 0.179 0.299 0.293A 0.235 0.352 0.360A 0.308 0.413
Neuroticism          
C’: SEP on PF 0.161 0.097 0.225 0.183 0.118 0.248 0.151 0.094 0.209
B: Neuroticism on PF -0.096 -0.157 -0.035 -0.149 -0.205 -0.093 -0.154 -0.211 -0.098
A: SEP on Neuroticism -0.162 -0.233 -0.092 -0.203 -0.266 -0.140 -0.168 -0.230 -0.107
  1. Note. Adjusted for age and sex, A = different from 28/37-cohort, B = different from 38/47-cohort, C = different from 48/57-cohort