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Table.3 Indirect effects between SEP, the mediators and physical performance in the total sample and across cohorts

From: Changes in the role of explanatory factors for socioeconomic inequalities in physical performance: a comparative study of three birth cohorts

  28/37-cohort 38/47-cohort 48/57-cohort
Behavioural factors Beta 95% CI Beta 95% CI   Beta 95% CI  
Via smoking 0.002C -0.003 0.008 0.004 -0.004 0.012 0.019A 0.004 0.034
Via binge alcohol use -0.001C -0.040 0.028 0.001 -0.027 0.036 0.044A 0.005 0.083
Via physical activity 0.001 -0.005 0.006 0.006 -0.004 0.016 0.001 -0.005 0.007
Via BMI 0.017 0.002 0.032 0.014 0.002 0.025 0.028 0.011 0.044
Social factors          
Via divorce 0.002 -0.017 0.022 -0.002 -0.013 0.010 0.007 -0.006 0.020
Via network size 0.014 0.004 0.024 0.008 -0.003 0.019 0.012 0.000 0.024
Via network complexity 0.001 -0.006 0.009 0.001 -0.004 0.006 -0.009 -0.019 0.001
Via instrumental support 0.000 -0.003 0.002 0.004 -0.002 0.010 -0.004 -0.010 0.002
Via emotional support 0.011C 0.002 0.021 0.011 -0.003 0.025 0.031A 0.016 0.046
Psychological factors          
Via crystallized intelligence 0.044 -0.006 0.095 0.033 -0.025 0.091 0.002 -0.050 0.054
Via mastery 0.014B,C 0.008 0.030 0.055A 0.034 0.075 0.039A 0.020 0.058
Via self-efficacy 0.023 0.008 0.038 0.042 0.022 0.062 0.052 0.030 0.074
Via neuroticism 0.016 0.003 0.028 0.030 0.014 0.046 0.026 0.012 0.040
  1. Note. Adjusted for age and sex, A = different from 28/37-cohort, B = different from 38/47-cohort, C = different from 48/57-cohort