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Table 5 Comparing Individual Survey Data Questions at Baseline and Endline between and among Sites, N = 1202

From: Exploring change over time in community mobilization domains: results from a maternity waiting home intervention in rural Zambia

  ZaMS
286(51.72)
Comparison
267(48.28%)
  ZaMS
366(56.39%)
Comparison
283(43.61%)
  Comparing ZaMs sites baseline to endline Comparing Comparison sites baseline to endline
Survey items(n,%, missing) Baseline    Endline     
  n(%) n(%) P-value n(%) n(%) P-value P-value P-value
Self-efficacy
 I am often a leader in groups (5,0.4)    0.06    0.80 < 0.001 0.08
 Yes 169(59.3) 179(67.04)   273(74.79) 207(73.93)    
 No 116(40.7) 88(32.96)   92(25.21) 73(26.07)    
 I find it very easy to talk in front of groups (5,0.4)    0.58    0.29 < 0.001 0.09
 Yes 215(75.44) 206(77.44)   315(86.3) 234(83.27)    
 No 70(24.56) 60(22.56)   50(13.7) 47(16.73)    
 I can usually organize people to get things done(8,0.7)    0.02    0.20 < 0.001 0.21
 Yes 208(72.98) 214(81.37)   324(88.77) 240(85.41)    
 No 77(27.02) 49(18.63)   41(11.23) 41(14.59)    
Collective efficacy
 I believe that a community can talk about the issues that involve them freely among themselves(10, 0.8)    0.07    0.03 0.04 0.10
 Yes 262(92.25) 254(95.85)   317(87.33) 259(92.5)    
 No 22(7.75) 11(4.15)   46(12.67) 21(7.5)    
 I believe a community can hold group meetings to talk about issues that involve them(8, 0.7)    0.63    0.30 0.01 0.06
 Yes 271(95.42) 256(96.24)   328(90.11) 259(92.5)    
 No 13(4.58) 10(3.76)   36(9.89) 21(7.5)    
 I believe a community can work with current community groups to deal with issues that involve them(9, 0.7)    0.22    0.19 0.11 0.14
 Yes 264(92.63) 254(95.13)   344(95.56) 274(97.51)    
 No 21(7.37) 34(6.16)   16(4.44) 7(2.49)    
 I believe that a community can have a say in changing the conditions of their lives(16, 1.3)    0.03    0.09 0.10 0.36
 Yes 261(92.23) 253(96.56)   345(95.3) 273(97.85)    
 No 22(7.77) 9(3.44)   17(4.7) 6(2.15)    
Power in relationships
 Using a condom every time I have sex with my partner would make my partner angry(44,3.7)    0.03    0.44 0.12 0.98
 Yes 124(45.59) 137(54.8)   187(51.8) 151(54.91)    
 No 148(54.41) 113(45.2)   174(48.2) 124(45.09)    
 Using a condom every time I have sex with my partner would make my partner not trust me(25,2.1)    0.04    0.002 0.56 0.72
 Yes 147(54.24) 166(62.88)   189(51.92) 179(64.39)    
 No 124(45.76) 98(37.12)   175(48.08) 99(35.61)    
 Using a condom every time I have sex would make my partner think I don’t trust them(43,3.6)    < 0.001    0.02 0.01 0.84
 Yes 116(42.8) 157(62.8)   192(53.04) 171(61.96)    
 No 155(57.2) 93(37.2)   170(46.96) 105(38.04)    
Governance
 I can influence the decisions that this group makes(14,1.1)    0.07    0.07 < 0.001 < 0.001
 Yes 179(63.03) 147(55.47)   305(83.79) 245(88.77)    
 No 105(39.97) 118(44.53)   59(16.21) 31(11.23)    
 This group has control over decisions that involve my life(10, 0.8)    0.07    < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
 Yes 162(56.84) 171(64.29)   283(77.75) 253(91.34)    
 No 123(43.16) 95(35.71)   81(22.25) 24(8.66)    
 This group is successful in achieving its goals(14, 1.0)    0.03    0.01 < 0.001 0.002
 Yes 233(82.33) 199(74.81)   334(91.76) 237(89.08)    
 No 50(17.67) 67(25.19)   30(8.24) 70(10.92)    
  1. P-values calculated using chi squared