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Table 2 Logistic regression model for catastrophic expenditures, 2014 and 2018

From: Inequalities in catastrophic health expenditures in conflict-affected areas and the Colombian peace agreement: an oaxaca-blinder change decomposition analysis

Variable OR (2014) OR (2018)
Internal displacement
 No 1.00 1.00
 Yes 1.33* [1.01-1.75] 1.20 [0.91-1.59]
Age group
 Less than 18 years 1.77 [0.87-3.61] N. A
 18 – 44 years 1.00 1.00
 45 – 64 years 1.19 [0.86-1.65] 1.39* [1.01-1.92]
 65 years or more 1.99** [1.18-3.34] 1.68* [1.05-2.70]
Gender
 Male 1.00 1.00
 Female 0.99 [0.75-1.30] 1.21 [0.91-1.61]
Residence
 Urban 1.00 1.00
 Rural 1.54** [1.13-2.10] 1.47* [1.03-2.09]
Work
 Formal 1.00 1.00
 Informal 0.99 [0.67-1.46] 1.38 [0.88-2.18]
 Out of Labor Force 0.61 [0.33-1.11] 1.34 [0.75-2.41]
Conflict level
 Lived outside Meta 1.38 [0.86-2.22]  
 Capital city 1.00 1.00
 Highly affected 1.50 [0.90-2.51] 2.80** [1.74-4.49]
 No conflict 1.43 [0.91-2.26] 1.55 [0.99-2.42]
 Low conflict intensity 1.50* [1.02-2.20] 2.20** [1.45-3.36]
Ethnicity
 Majority 1.00 1.00
 Minority 0.90 [0.66-1.23] 1.03 [0.76-1.40]
Education
 None 1.00 1.00
 Primary School 1.32 [0.76-2.32] 0.83 [0.49-1.42]
 Secondary School 1.21 [0.65-2.26] 0.83 [0.46-1.51]
 Undergraduate 1.56 [0.78-3.13] 1.20 [0.62-2.32]
Marital status
 Married 1.00 1.00
 Consensual Union 0.98 [0.69-1.38] 0.83 [0.59-1.18]
 Divorced 0.90 [0.58-1.38] 0.77 [0.51 - 1.16]
 Widow/er 1.10 [0.60-2.03] 0.68 [0.38 -1.22]
 Single 0.73 [0.42-1.27] 0.51* [0.26-0.97]
Health insurance scheme
 Not affiliated 1.09 [0.59-2.02] 1.24 [0.66-2.33]
 Contributive 1.00 1.00
 Subsidized 0.74 [0.51-1.05] 0.77 [0.52-1.12]
 Other 1.52 [0.83-2.79] 1.83 [0.98-3.39]
Sick in the previous 12 months
 Yes 1.00 1.00
 No 0.61** [0.47-0.80] 0.63** [0.47-0.83]
Children under 5 years old 1.09 [0.84-1.42] 1.02 [0.77-1.33]
Household size 1.11 [0.84-1.46] 1.04 [0.77-1.38]
WHODAS 1.06** [1.03-1.09] 1.04** [1.01-1.06]
SRQ+
 No 1.00 1.00
 Yes 1.14 [0.78-1.67] 1.20 [0.88-1.65]
Poverty quintiles
 Quintile 1 1.00 1.00
 Quintile 2 0.98 [0.66-1.47] 0.94 [0.62-1.41]
 Quintile 3 0.75 [0.48-1.16] 0.91 [0.57-1.47]
 Quintile 4 1.13 [0.70-1.83] 0.60 [0.35-1.04]
 Quintile 5 0.78 [0.46-1.35] 0.82 [0.45-1.49]
  1. Source: Own elaboration based on CONPAS 2014 – 2018 (** p value<=0.01; * p value <=0.05)
  2. Abbreviations: SRQ+: person has a possible mental health disorder (i.e., a SRQ positive case), WHODAS Disability score in World Health Organization Dissability Assessment Schedule