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Table 6 Odds ratios for reporting poor health in relation to economic hardships and low social capital in rural areas

From: Does social capital interact with economic hardships in influencing older adults’ health? A study from China

  Poor SRH Poor mental health
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Rural (N = 1823)
 Economic hardships
  Yes 1.65 (1.32,2.06)c 1.51 (1.2,1.9)c 1.49 (1.18,1.88)c 1.58 (1.25,1.99)c 1.48 (1.16,1.89)b 1.42 (1.11,1.81)b
 Neighborhood cohesion
  Low 1.16 (0.94,1.43) 1.18 (0.95,1.47) 1.16 (0.93,1.44) 1.61 (1.31,1.98)c 1.63 (1.31,2.02)c 1.61 (1.29,2.00)c
 Bridging trust
  Low 0.79 (0.64,1.08) 0.81 (0.65,1.23) 0.8 (0.65,1.29) 1.09 (0.87,1.36) 1.11 (0.88,1.40) 1.1 (0.87,1.39)
 Bonding trust
  Low 1.08 (0.87,1.35) 1.08 (0.86,1.35) 1.09 (0.87,1.36) 1.22 (0.98,1.51) 1.21 (0.97,1.51) 1.16 (0.93,1.46)
 Social participation
  Low 1.45 (1.09,1.93)a 1.23 (0.92,1.67) 1.2 (0.89,1.62) 2.07 (1.50,2.85)c 1.84 (1.31,2.58)c 1.83 (1.30,2.57)c
  1. Model 1: Adjusted for previous health status. The four social capital components and economic hardships were separately included
  2. Model 2: Adjusted for previous health status, age, gender, educational attainment, marital status, smoking behavior, drinking behavior and family size. The four social capital components and economic hardships were separately included
  3. Model 3: Adjusted for previous health status, age, gender, educational attainment, marital status, smoking behavior, drinking behavior and family size. The four social capital components and economic hardships were simultaneously included  ap<0.05, bp<0.01, cp<0.001