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Table 5 Sensitivity analysis: association of personal protection behaviours with workplace policy and socio-demographic factors in a weighted sample

From: Unequal availability of workplace policy for prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 across occupations and its relationship with personal protection behaviours: a cross-sectional survey

  Hand Hygiene Face Mask Household Hygiene Social distancing
Hand wash before meals Hand wash after toileting Use alcohol hand rub Wear mask Put disinfectants in toilets Put disinfectants in drain pipe Avoid leaving home Avoid contact neighbours
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
Workplace guideline and measures
 Not available Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Available 4.25* (1.29, 14.06) 18.79* (1.65, 213.54) 1.53 (0.53, 4.43) 4.40 (0.75, 25.84) 0.63 (0.22, 1.82) 0.49 (0.18, 1.32) 1.80 (0.63, 5.09) 3.04 (0.98, 9.41)
Occupation
 Manager and administrator Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Professional 2.47 (0.35, 17.57) 4.23 (0.02, 880.55) 1.04 (0.17, 6.22) 1.39 (0.05, 37.31) 0.39 (0.07, 2.20) 0.34 (0.06, 1.88) 1.27 (0.24, 6.78) 1.97 (0.29, 13.27)
 Associate professional 7.67* (1.08, 54.32) 1.36 (0.32, 5.75) 1.02 (0.25, 4.19) 0.92 (0.23, 3.69) 2.70 (0.65, 11.21) 5.64* (1.17, 27.08)
 Clerical support worker 2.11 (0.45, 9.89) 0.44 (0.03, 6.53) 1.35 (0.33, 5.53) 0.49 (0.04, 5.72) 0.22* (0.06, 0.82) 0.20* (0.05, 0.78) 2.58 (0.59, 11.28) 2.10 (0.46, 9.63)
 Manual labourer1 0.75 (0.23, 2.39) 0.76 (0.12, 5.07) 0.42 (0.14, 1.21) 0.45 (0.09, 2.22) 0.27* (0.09, 0.79) 0.20** (0.07, 0.56) 0.30* (0.10, 0.86) 0.64 (0.21, 1.99)
Interaction: workplace guideline x occupation
 Available x. Professional 0.36 (0.04, 2.90) 0.08 (0, 28.5) 0.68 (0.10, 4.44) 0.49 (0.01, 18.44) 2.41 (0.39, 14.85) 2.50 (0.42, 14.91) 0.79 (0.13, 4.60) 0.43 (0.06, 3.17)
 Available x Associate Professional 0.12* (0.02, 0.92) 0.61 (0.13, 2.80) 1.30 (0.29, 5.74) 0.90 (0.21, 3.85) 0.35 (0.08, 1.54) 0.15 (0.03, 0.79)
 Available x Clerical support Workers 0.45 (0.08, 2.44) 1.35 (0.04, 49.05) 0.55 (0.12, 2.47) 4.66 (0.19, 113.82) 4.26* (1.06, 17.18) 5.20* (1.20, 22.42) 0.40 (0.08, 1.88) 0.42 (0.08, 2.10)
 Available x Manual labourer 1.17 (0.32, 4.20) 0.09 (0.01, 1.14) 1.95 (0.62, 6.10) 0.76 (0.11, 5.22) 3.69* (1.17, 11.58) 4.36* (1.47, 12.93) 4.11* (1.33, 12.76) 1.23 (0.37, 4.13)
Age group
 18–29 Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 30–39 1.61 (0.98, 2.63) 2.61 (0.24, 28.37) 1.32 (0.86, 2.02) 0.74 (0.21, 2.55) 2.18** (1.46, 3.26) 1.75** (1.19, 2.58) 1.27 (0.84, 1.91) 0.76 (0.49, 1.16)
 40–49 1.37 (0.79, 2.36) 0.80 (0.11, 5.77) 1.14 (0.72, 1.81) 1.43 (0.38, 5.35) 2.90** (1.87, 4.49) 1.52 (1.00, 2.32) 1.15 (0.74, 1.81) 1.24 (0.76, 2.03)
 50–59 1.11 (0.62, 1.99) 0.05** (0.01, 0.39) 0.76 (0.47, 1.25) 0.27* (0.08, 0.93) 2.55** (1.59, 4.09) 1.13 (0.71, 1.80) 0.71 (0.44, 1.15) 0.49** (0.29, 0.82)
 60+ 2.30 (0.94, 5.61) 0.04** (0.01, 0.37) 1.26 (0.62, 2.56) 0.12* (0.03, 0.51) 2.53** (1.36, 4.69) 0.98 (0.52, 1.83) 2.02 (1.00, 4.09) 1.84 (0.83, 4.08)
Gender
 Female Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Male 0.73* (0.53, 1.02) 3.56** (1.37, 9.25) 0.49** (0.37, 0.64) 0.98 (0.53, 1.80) 0.64** (0.50, 0.83) 0.77* (0.60, 0.99) 0.59** (0.45, 0.77) 0.49** (0.37, 0.64)
Marital status
 Never married Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Married 1.91** (1.22, 2.98) 0.28 (0.07, 1.15) 1.94** (1.35, 2.79) 0.58 (0.23, 1.49) 0.94 (0.67, 1.31) 1.05 (0.76, 1.45) 1.37 (0.97, 1.93) 1.18 (0.82, 1.70)
 Cohabited 0.43 (0.16, 1.15) 0.21 (0, 32.37) 0.32* (0.13, 0.81) 1.12 (0.07, 19.07) 1.07 (0.47, 2.43) 1.23 (0.54, 2.80) 2.00 (0.70, 5.67) 0.34* (0.14, 0.84)
 Divorced/ separated 2.57** (1.27, 5.21) 0.22 (0.05, 1.02) 0.68 (0.40, 1.17) 0.55 (0.17, 1.81) 1.93* (1.15, 3.24) 2.09** (1.27, 3.45) 1.66 (0.97, 2.86) 1.37 (0.79, 2.38)
 Widowed 1.44 (0.21, 9.88) 0.26 (0.01, 6.22) 1.05 (0.23, 4.70) 0.37 (0.03, 5.18) 1.76 (0.38, 8.11) 2.98 (0.60, 14.73) 0.72 (0.19, 2.76) 0.19* (0.04, 0.86)
Living arrangement
 Alone Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 With family 1.14 (0.53, 2.46) 6.17* (1.29, 29.54) 2.17* (1.15, 4.11) 2.93* (0.86, 9.93) 2.67** (1.46, 4.91) 2.87** (1.53, 5.40) 1.43 (0.78, 2.64) 1.02 (0.51, 2.05)
 With others 1.56 (0.43, 5.69) 8.28** (2.67, 25.68) 0.58 (0.05, 6.74) 5.31** (1.99, 14.15) 2.06 (0.81, 5.26) 1.47 (0.50, 4.31) 1.60 (0.49, 5.20)
Education attainment
 Lower secondary school Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Higher secondary school 4.60** (2.36, 8.98) 31.33** (7.83, 125.38) 1.84 (0.99, 3.41) 8.53** (2.48, 29.37) 1.45 (0.76, 2.79) 3.16** (1.64, 6.07) 2.84** (1.53, 5.29) 2.52** (1.29, 4.92)
 Preparatory course 7.80** (3.80, 16.05) 21.24** (3.88, 116.13) 2.95** (1.53, 5.67) 4.97** (1.53, 16.14) 0.54 (0.27, 1.06) 3.52** (1.8, 6.87) 3.13** (1.63, 6.01) 1.90 (0.96, 3.73)
 Undergraduate or above 5.02** (2.54, 9.90) 3.28* (1.02, 10.63) 2.38** (1.25, 4.51) 2.68 (0.89, 8.13) 0.92 (0.47, 1.79) 2.80** (1.45, 5.43) 2.47** (1.31, 4.66) 2.91** (1.49, 5.71)
Work status
 Full-time Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Part-time 1.08 (0.69, 1.68) 3.32* (1.06, 10.43) 1.73** (1.17, 2.55) 4.32** (1.53, 12.17) 2.91** (2.06, 4.12) 1.41* (1.01, 1.99) 1.51* (1.04, 2.20) 2.97** (1.91, 4.62)
  1. Note: 1. Manual labourer: service/sales workers and craft workers, plant/machine operators and assemblers, elementary workers, and farm workers, animal husbandry workers and fishermen, occupations unidentifiable or inadequately described
  2. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01; The values reported in the table are adjusted odds ratios and their 95% Confidence intervals (CI)