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Table 4 Association of personal protection behaviours with workplace policy among different occupation groups

From: Unequal availability of workplace policy for prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 across occupations and its relationship with personal protection behaviours: a cross-sectional survey

   Availability of workplace guideline and measures
Adjusted OR1 (95% CI)
Hand Hygiene Hand wash before meals  
Manager 4.56** (1.64, 12.63)
Professional 1.13 (0.52, 2.48)
Associate professional 0.33 (0.06, 1.70)
Clerical workers 6.09 (0.84, 44.40)
Manual labourer2 4.76* (1.10, 20.69)
Hand wash after toileting  
Manager 9.35 (0.40, 216.31)
Professional 1.41 (0.11, 17.90)
Associate professional ---3
Clerical workers ---3
Manual labourer ---3
Use of alcohol hand rub  
Manager 1.53 (0.60, 3.91)
Professional 1.09 (0.55, 2.17)
Associate professional 0.77 (0.26, 2.24)
Clerical workers 0.36 (0.08, 1.75)
Manual labourer 6.21* (1.54, 25.12)
Face Mask Wear Mask  
Manager 9.52** (1.79, 50.53)
Professional 2.00 (0.47, 8.55)
Associate professional ---3
Clerical workers ---3
Manual labourer 3.49 (0.24, 51.32)
Household Hygiene Put disinfectants into toilets  
Manager 0.68 (0.28, 1.65)
Professional 1.03 (0.55, 1.95)
Associate professional 0.71 (0.27, 1.86)
Clerical workers 2.39 (0.70, 8.10)
Manual labourer 3.46 (0.86, 14.00)
Put disinfectants into drain-pipe  
Manager 0.69 (0.29, 1.63)
Professional 0.85 (0.45, 1.60)
Associate professional 0.47 (0.19, 1.21)
Clerical workers 2.42 (0.62, 9.50)
Manual labourer 2.91 (0.76, 11.17)
Social Distancing Avoid leaving home  
Manager 2.73* (1.04, 7.16)
Professional 1.37 (0.72, 2.58)
Associate professional 0.63 (0.22, 1.77)
Clerical workers 1.57 (0.33, 7.40)
Manual labourer 9.42** (2.14, 41.56)
Avoid contacting neighbour  
Manager 4.98** (1.81, 13.72)
Professional 1.21 (0.59, 2.51)
Associate professional 0.55 (0.18, 1.71)
Clerical workers 2.34 (0.45, 12.21)
Manual labourer 4.58* (1.09, 19.22)
  1. Note: 1. Adjusted ORs in this table were estimated in separate ordinal logistic regression models of personal protection behaviours with adjustment of covariates for corresponding occupation group, i.e. the estimates and confidence interval presented in this table all came from different models for different occupation groups where behaviour was dependent variable and workplace policy and other factors were independent variables. 2. Manual labourer: service/sales workers and craft workers, plant/machine operators and assemblers, elementary workers, and farm workers, animal husbandry workers and fishermen, occupations unidentifiable or inadequately described. 3. These estimates and confidence intervals were omitted in their regression models due to non-convergence
  2. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01