Skip to main content

Table. 1 Absolute and relative differences by education level in life expectancy at ages 25, 45, 65 and 85 years for Australian men and women, 2016

From: Inequalities in life expectancy in Australia according to education level: a whole-of-population record linkage study

  Life expectancy for men (95% CI) Difference in years (95% CI) Ratio Life expectancy for women (95% CI) Difference in years (95% CI) Ratio
Life expectancy by education level
 At age 25 years
 University qualification (highest) 61.2 (61.0, 61.4 ) 0.0 1.00 63.6 (63.4, 63.9) 0.0 1.00
 Other post-secondary & Yr12 59.5 (59.3, 59.7) 1.7 (1.4, 2.0) 0.97 63.3 (63.0, 63.5) 0.3 (-0.1, 0.7) 1.00
 Other post-secondary, no Yr12 57.6 (57.4, 57.7) 3.6 (3.3, 3.9) 0.94 61.9 (61.6, 62.1) 1.7 (1.3, 2.1) 0.97
 No post-secondary & Yr12 57.2 (56.9, 57.4) 4.0 (3.6, 4.4) 0.93 61.3 (61.1, 61.6 ) 2.3 (1.9, 2.7) 0.96
 No post-secondary, no Yr12 (lowest) 52.1 (51.9, 52.3) 9.1 (8.8, 9.4) 0.85 58.1 (58.0, 58.3) 5.5 (5.1, 5.9) 0.91
At age 45 years
 University qualification (highest) 41.6 (41.4, 41.8) 0.0 1.00 44.0 (43.7, 44.2) 0.0 1.00
 Other post-secondary & Yr12 40.3 (40.1, 40.5) 1.3 (1.0, 1.6) 0.97 43.8 (43.5, 44.0) 0.2 (-0.2, 0.6) 1.00
 Other post-secondary, no Yr12 38.6 (38.5, 38.8) 3.0 (2.7, 3.3) 0.93 42.7 (42.5, 42.9) 1.3 (0.9, 1.7) 0.97
 No post-secondary & Yr12 38.3 (38.0, 38.5) 3.3 (2.9, 3.7) 0.92 42.0 (41.8, 42.2) 2.0 (1.6, 2.4) 0.95
 No post-secondary, no Yr12 (lowest) 34.3 (34.2, 34.4) 7.3 (7.1, 7.5) 0.82 39.3 (39.2, 39.4) 4.7 (4.4, 5.0) 0.89
At age 65 years
 University qualification (highest) 22.9 (22.8, 23.1) 0.0 1.00 25.0 (24.8, 25.2) 0.0 1.00
 Other post-secondary & Yr12 22.1 (22.0, 22.3) 0.8 (0.6, 1.0) 0.97 25.0 (24.8, 25.3) 0.0 (-0.4, 0.4) 1.00
 Other post-secondary, no Yr12 20.9 (20.8, 21.0) 2.0 (1.8, 2.2) 0.91 24.2 (24.0, 24.4) 0.8 (0.5, 1.1) 0.97
 No post-secondary & Yr12 20.7 (20.5, 20.9) 2.2 (1.9, 2.5) 0.90 23.6 (23.4, 23.8) 1.4 (1.1, 1.7) 0.95
 No post-secondary, no Yr12 (lowest) 18.0 (17.9, 18.1) 4.9 (4.7, 5.1) 0.79 21.7 (21.6, 21.8) 3.3 (3.1, 3.5) 0.89
At age 85 years
 University qualification (highest) 7.64 (7.46, 7.83) 0.0 1.00 8.67 (8.46, 8.88) 0.0 1.00
 Other post-secondary & Yr12 7.87 (7.68, 8.07) -0.2 (-0.5, 0.0) 1.03 8.76 (8.52, 9.00) -0.1 (-0.4, 0.2) 1.01
 Other post-secondary, no Yr12 6.83 (6.72, 6.94) 0.8 (0.6, 1.0) 0.89 8.39 (8.21, 8.59) 0.3 (0.0, 0.6) 0.97
 No post-secondary & Yr12 7.40 (7.21, 7.60) 0.2 (0.0, 0.5) 0.97 8.45 (8.29, 8.60) 0.2 (0.0, 0.5) 0.97
 No post-secondary, no Yr12 (lowest) 5.70 (5.64, 5.76) 1.9 (1.8, 2.1) 0.75 7.06 (7.02, 7.11) 1.6 (1.4, 1.8) 0.81
  1. Note: Difference in life expectancy, in years, is between each education group and the highest education level (university qualification). Life expectancy ratios is the ratio of life expectancy relative to the highest education level (university qualification). 95 % confidence intervals for life expectancy estimates were estimated using 1000 Monte Carlo simulations. Confidence intervals for absolute gaps in life expectancy were estimated using standard errors for each life expectancy estimate