Skip to main content

Table 2 Description of selected study variables

From: Socio-economic inequality in anthropometric failure among children aged under 5 years in India: evidence from the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey 2016–18

Variable Description Constructed variable
Outcome Variable
 Composite variable of anthropometric failure Composite anthropometric failure calculated using all combinations of (HAZ, WHZ and HAZ) 0 = No Failure; 1 = Failure
Covariates
 Mother’s BMI (kg/m2) Body Mass Index (Continuous, calculated using measured height and weight) 1 = Underweight (< 18.5 kg/m2);
2 = Normal (18.5–24.5 kg/m2);
3 = Overweight or Obese (> = 25.0 kg/m2)
 Mother’s Education Respondent educational level (0 = No education,1 = Educated) Same variable used
 Mother’s Employment Status Respondent currently working (0 = Non-working, 1 = Working) Same variable used
 Mother’s Age Current age of mother in completed years 1 = < 25 years; 2 = 25 years or more
 Mother’s Mass Media Exposure 1. Frequency of reading newspaper or magazine
2. Frequency of listening to radio
3. Frequency of watching television (0 = Not at all, 1 = Occasionally, 2 = Atleast once a week, 3 = Daily)
0 = No (No Access);
1, 2 & 3 as 1 = Yes (Access to at least one of the information source)
 Mother’s Parity Total children ever born (Continuous) 1 = 1–2;
2 = 3 or more
 Age of Child (in years) Current age of child in completed years 1 = 0–2 year;
2 = 3–4 year
 Sex of Child Sex of child (1 = Male, 2 = Female) Same variable used
 Morbidity in past 2 weeks 1. Child suffered from diarrhoea in last 2 weeks; 2. Child suffered from acute respiratory infection in last 2 weeks; 3. Child suffered from fever in last 2 weeks (0 = No, 1 = Yes) 0 = No;
1, 2 & 3 as 1 = Yes (Suffered from atleast one ailment)
 Wealth Index Wealth index (1 = poorest, 2 = poorer, 3 = middle, 4 = richer, 5 = richest) Same variable used
 Place of Residence Type of place of residence (1 = Rural, 2 = Urban) Same variable used
 Caste 1 = Scheduled Caste, 2 = Scheduled Tribe, 3 = Other Backward Caste (OBC), 4 = Others 1 = 1 & 2 (Scheduled caste/tribe);
2 = 3 & 4 (OBC/Others)