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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of variables used in the regression

From: Socioeconomic inequality in exclusive breastfeeding behavior and ideation factors for social behavioral change in three north-western Nigerian states: a cross-sectional study

Ideational Dimension Domain Questions/probes Variables Response category n %
    Exclusive breastfeeding six months after birth Yes 297 9.9
    No 2710 90.1
Cognitive Knowledge aIn your opinion, what are the benefits, if any, for mothers who exclusively breastfeed their infant for the first six months of life? aSpontaneously reports any benefits of EBF practice (first six months of infants’ life) for the mother YES 1480 49.2
No 1527 50.8
bWhat can a mother do to protect the health of her newborn baby immediately after delivery? Spontaneously mentions immediate breastfeeding as a method to protect the health of the newborn after delivery YES 1903 63.3
No 1104 36.7
Belief A mother’s breastmilk immediately after birth is bad milk. Agreed (strongly or somewhat) that mother’s breastmilk after birth is bad milk Agree 741 24.6
Disagree 2266 75.4
Social Injunctive norm It is important for mothers to only give their child breastmilk during the first 6 months after birth. Agreed on the importance of mothers to give their child only breastmilk in the first six months of infant’s life Agree 1760 58.5
Disagree 1247 41.5
Descriptive norms Most women in my community only give their infants breastmilk, and no water, for the first six months after birth Agreed that most women in the community give infants only breastmilk in the first six months of life. Agree 1176 39.1
Disagree 1831 60.9
Social influence Besides yourself, who else may influence your decision about whether to breastfeed or not? Who influences mothers’ decision to breastfeed? Partner 1444 48.0
  Friend and family or no one else 1563 52.0
    Maternal regular attendance at community meetings yes 183 6.2
no 2775 93.8
Emotional Self-efficacy How confident are you that you could exclusively breastfeed your child for the first six months of life? Confident to exclusively breastfeed a child in the first six month Confident 1500 49.9
uncertain 1507 50.2
Sociodemographic /Socioeconomic variables.   ANC attendance (4+ visits) yes 705 23.6
No 2289 76.6
   Number of equivalent adults in a household Mean 3007 2.9
    Maternal Age 15–19 370 12.3
    20–24 895 29.8
    25–29 811 27.0
    30–34 548 18.2
    35–39 268 8.9
    40–44 90 3.0
    45–49 25 0.8
    Maternal education None or Islamic
Primary and higher education
2510
497
83.4
16.5
Socioeconomic status   Household possessions Household wealth index. Mean
Range
Standard deviation
3007 0.369
0–1
0.483
  1. N = 3007
  2. a In your opinion, what are the benefits, if any, for mothers who exclusively breastfeed their infant for the first six months of life? Yes responses: “As soon as she thinks she is pregnant”; 15.96%, “In the 1st trimester”, 11.42%; “At the beginning of the 2nd trimester”, 20.49%; “At the beginning of the 3rd trimester”, 9.37%; “Any time during pregnancy”, 15.65%. No responses: “Other”, 1.57%; and “Don’t know”, 25.54%
  3. b What can a mother do to protect the health of her newborn baby immediately after delivery? Reports no benefits or don’t know, 36.7%; Reports any benefit, 63.3%