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Table 1 Patient characteristics, number of deaths, and mean survival periods

From: Does low income effects 5-year mortality of hepatocellular carcinoma patients?

Variables N/Mean %/SD Number of deaths % p* Incidence
per person-years
Sex
 Male 4658 63.6 1491 32% <.001 0.768
 Female 2667 36.4 576 22%   0.819
Age group
 49 or younger 2903 39.6 391 13% <.001 0.726
 50–59 1772 24.2 395 22%   0.704
 60–69 1574 21.5 600 38%   0.769
 70 or older 1076 14.7 681 63%   0.888
Income (quintiles)
 The 5th (highest) 2197 30.0 549 25% <.001 0.810
 The 4th 1649 22.5 429 26%   0.720
 The 3rd 1310 17.9 371 28%   0.774
 The 2nd 1083 14.8 339 31%   0.821
 The 1st (lowest) 1086 14.8 379 35%   0.789
Disability
 None 6751 92.2 1824 27% <.001 0.791
 Mild 459 6.3 189 41%   0.725
 Severe 115 1.6 54 47%   0.673
New cases by year
 2004 1478 20.2 450 30% 0.033 0.822
 2005 1493 20.4 433 29%   0.776
 2006 1324 18.1 387 29%   0.773
 2007 1352 18.5 362 27%   0.819
 2008 1678 22.9 435 26%   0.727
Hepatitis B
 No 4749 64.8 1397 29% 0.002 0.822
 Yes 2576 35.2 670 26%   0.708
Hepatitis C
 No 5897 82.2 1730 29% 0.036 0.815
 Yes 1304 17.8 337 26%   0.643
Alcoholic liver cirrhosis
 No 6820 93.1 1786 26% <.001 0.810
 Yes 505 6.9 281 56%   0.637
Other (non-viral, non-alcoholic) liver cirrhosis
 No 6895 94.1 1901 28% <.001 0.801
 Yes 430 5.9 166 39%   0.610
Regional Level
 Current smoking rate 23.6 3.0     
 High-risk drinking rate 16.4 3.7     
 Walking exercise practice rate 51.8 12.2     
 Obesity rate 21.5 2.9     
 Percentage of college graduates 34.2 12.6     
  1. *Chisq-test Mean/SD