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Table 1 Distribution of Peruvian households according to their socioeconomic characteristics and city size, ENAHO 2008–2018

From: Inequalities in access to safe drinking water in Peruvian households according to city size: an analysis from 2008 to 2018

  Overall (excluding rural areas) Natural region City size (number of households) Household size (members) Household per capita expenditure, measured in Peruvian soles (S/) Poverty level in the household
Year   Lima Metropolitan Rest of the Coast Highlands Jungle 401 to 10,000 10,001 to 100,000 ≥ 101,001 1–3 4–6 > 6 Median (Q1-Q3) Extreme poor Non extreme poor Non poor
2008
 n (%) 26,010 (100.0) 3279 (31.4) 6579 (22.9) 10,724 (34.1) 5428 (11.6) 14,952 (42.8) 6737 (20.1) 4321 (37.0) 8759 (33.4) 9990 (39.0) 7261 (27.6) 4270.6 (2451.6–6915.8) 2594 (8.8) 5128 (22.4) 13,780 (68.7)
2009
 n (%) 26,598 (100.0) 3333 (32.2) 6616 (22.3) 11,116 (34.1) 5533 (11.4) 15,399 (42.4) 6843 (19.8) 4356 (37.8) 8852 (33.0) 10,278 (38.7) 7468 (28.2) 4443.1 (2574.9–7349.7) 2396 (8.0) 4926 (20.3) 14,431 (71.7)
2010
 n (%) 27,176 (100.0) 3353 (32.4) 6684 (21.8) 11,424 (34.4) 5715 (11.4) 15,814 (41.9) 6961 (19.9) 4401 (38.1) 9000 (32.9) 9997 (36.9) 8179 (30.2) 4815.3 (2851.0–7700.4) 1804 (6.2) 4583 (19.4) 15,109 (74.3)
2011
 n (%) 32,519 (100.0) 3796 (31.2) 8510 (22.0) 13,510 (34.8) 6852 (11.9) 19,137 (43.4) 8277 (19.5) 5105 (37.1) 10,767 (32.8) 11,322 (35.4) 10,430 (31.9) 5182.8 (3121.7–8114.3) 1751 (5.2) 4841 (17.9) 18,217 (76.9)
2012
 n (%) 32,546 (100.0) 3815 (31.5) 8467 (21.3) 13,425 (35.0) 6839 (12.1) 19,034 (43.3) 8422 (19.7) 5090 (37.0) 11,235 (33.9) 11,302 (34.4) 10,009 (31.7) 5559.0 (3393.2–8733.2) 1580 (4.7) 4588 (16.7) 18,923 (78.7)
2013
 n (%) 39,676 (100.0) 5113 (31.4) 10,263 (21.7) 16,101 (34.7) 8199 (12.2) 22,986 (43.5) 10,042 (19.7) 6648 (36.8) 14,009 (34.5) 13,511 (34.9) 12,156 (30.6) 5851.9 (3615.1–9140.6) 1571 (3.8) 5230 (15.7) 23,652 (80.4)
2014
 n (%) 40,125 (100.0) 5267 (31.4) 10,204 (21.9) 16,418 (34.9) 8236 (11.8) 22,900 (43.7) 10,396 (19.2) 6829 (37.1) 14,636 (35.3) 13,554 (35.1) 11,935 (29.6) 6078.9 (3799.4–9531.5) 1378 (3.4) 5056 (15.0) 24,414 (81.6)
2015
 n (%) 39,863 (100.0) 5101 (32.4) 10,692 (22.3) 15,745 (33.9) 8325 (11.4) 23,016 (42.6) 10,204 (18.8) 6643 (38.6) 15,763 (38.4) 13,916 (35.0) 10,184 (26.6) 6333.3 (3971.9–9959.0) 1329 (3.2) 5153 (14.6) 25,706 (82.2)
2016
 n (%) 44,949 (100.0) 5306 (31.9) 13,579 (21.5) 17,249 (34.7) 8785 (11.9) 25,608 (44.0) 12,406 (18.7) 6905 (37.3) 17,716 (38.4) 15,472 (35.8) 11,731 (25.9) 6685.8 (4256.3–10,547.0) 1275 (2.9) 5221 (13.8) 29,289 (83.3)
2017
 n (%) 43,545 (100.0) 5434 (32.4) 12,237 (21.0) 17,047 (34.8) 8827 (11.7) 25,147 (43.5) 11,317 (18.8) 7081 (37.6) 17,676 (39.1) 14,479 (34.1) 11,390 (26.8) 6866.6 (4295.5–10,813.3) 1212 (2.9) 5246 (14.5) 28,126 (82.6)
2018
 n (%) 47,700 (100.0) 5458 (32.4) 12,842 (21.1) 19,791 (34.5) 9609 (12.0) 28,327 (43.9) 12,013 (18.8) 7360 (37.3) 19,856 (40.0) 15,106 (33.0) 12,738 (30.0) 7061.2 (4435.4–11,218.2) 1069 (2.2) 5680 (14.4) 30,713 (83.4)
  1. % Proportions include the factor expansion and the complex survey design for each year of the ENAHO surveys
  2. Q1-Q3: Quartile 1 - Quartile 3