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Table 5 Association (adjusted OR and 95% CI) between living in a community with an IYCF support group and breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices in mothers with children aged 0–23 monthsa

From: Community support model on breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices in remote areas in Vietnam: implementation, cost, and effectiveness

  Early initiation of breastfeedingb (n = 1110) Exclusive breastfeeding < 6 months (n = 446) Predominant breastfeeding < 6 months (n = 446) No bottle feeding (n = 1110) Complementary feeding aged 6–8 months (n = 137) Minimum meal frequency (n = 664) Minimum dietary diversity (n = 664) Minimum acceptable diet (n = 664)
Living in communes with an IYCF support group (ref. communes without an IYCF support group) 1.72* (1.08,2.74) 12.52*** (6.69,23.44) 9.64*** (5.07,18.33) 2.69*** (1.82,3.99) 1.03 (0.30,3.55) 1.22 (0.65,2.30) 1.33 (0.82,2.16) 1.51 (0.98,2.33)
Mother characteristics:
 Age (y) 1.01 (0.99,1.04) 1.02 (0.99,1.05) 0.99 (0.96,1.02) 1.01 (0.98,1.03) 1.00 (0.91,1.11) 0.95** (0.91,0.99) 1.00 (0.97,1.04) 1.01 (0.98,1.04)
 Kinh ethnicity (vs. other ethnicities) 1.39 (0.90,2.16) 1.00 (0.57,1.74) 1.46 (0.69,3.10) 0.78 (0.51,1.21) 4.61 (0.91,23.26) 1.71 (0.74,3.93) 2.55** (1.30,4.99) 1.44 (0.87,2.40)
 With ≥9 y of education (vs. <  9 y) 0.87 (0.62,1.23) 1.47 (0.85,2.56) 0.54 (0.27,1.07) 0.95 (0.72,1.26) 2.71 (0.61,12.09) 3.73** (1.46,9.51) 2.46* (1.21,5.01) 2.05** (1.25,3.39)
 Being a farmer (vs. other occupations) 1.17 (0.78,1.75) 1.06 (0.61,1.84) 0.84 (0.48,1.45) 1.33 (0.93,1.91) 2.95 (0.56,15.37) 1.04 (0.52,2.09) 0.91 (0.57,1.43) 1.24 (0.76,2.02)
 Household food secured (vs. unsecured) 1.07 (0.74,1.54) 0.93 (0.44,2.00) 1.29 (0.80,2.09) 0.94 (0.68,1.29) 0.78 (0.28,2.17) 1.66 (0.93,2.93) 1.69* (1.05,2.73) 1.4 (0.98,1.98)
Child characteristics:
 Male (vs. female) 1.13 (0.84,1.53) 1.01 (0.69,1.49) 0.85 (0.59,1.22) 0.96 (0.72,1.26) 3.84* (1.02,14.43) 1.56 (0.85,2.85) 0.84 (0.55,1.27) 1.05 (0.73,1.49)
 Age (mo)   0.82* (0.70,0.97) 0.59*** (0.48,0.73) 0.98* (0.96,1.00) 4.40*** (1.94,9.96) 1.17** (1.05,1.30) 1.24*** (1.17,1.31) 1.07*** (1.03,1.11)
  1. aData from A&T IYCF support group assessment survey in 2014. Values are adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% CIs, using survey commands to account for clustering. Significantly different from the null value (OR = 1; two-sided t tests): * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001. bModel also controlled the mode of birth and breastfeeding counseling during pregnancy and at birth)