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Table 1 Socio-economic characteristics of 1300 participants of nationally representative of Jordanian men and women older than 18 years-old according to their age group

From: Gender-based disparities on health indices during COVID-19 crisis: a nationwide cross-sectional study in Jordan

Variables   Total (%) Males (Age group) Female (Age Group) Gender differences (p-value) c
Total (%) < 30 30–50 > 50 p-value a Total (%) < 30 30–50 > 50 p-value b
  Total 1300 (100) 656 166 (25.30) 281 (42.84) 209 (31.86)   644 147 (22.83) 324 (50.31) 173 (26.86)   
Marital status              < 0.01
  Married 927 (71.31) 509 (77.59) 40 (7.9) 262 (51.5) 207 (40.6) < 0.01 540 (83.85) 80 (14.8) 293 (64.3) 167 (30.9) < 0.01  
  Unmarried 373 (28.7) 147 (22.41) 126 (85.7) 19 (12.9) 2 (1.4)   104 (16.15) 67 (64.4) 31 (29.8) 6 (5.8)   
Age at marriage              < 0.01
  ≤18 142 (13.54) 13 (2.6) 1 (7.7) 5 (38.5) 7 (53.8) 0.6 129 (23.9) 14 (10.85) 51 (39.53) 64 (94.61) < 0.01  
Region              0.04
  Capital 315 (24.23) 147 (22.4) 40 (27.2) 56 (38.1) 51 (34.7) 0.59 168 (26.1) 29 (17.26) 82 (48.81) 57 (33.93) < 0.01  
  North 417 (32.08) 228 (34.8) 54 (23.7) 97 (42.5) 77 (33.8)   189 (29.3) 52 (27.5) 88 (46.6) 49 (25.9)   
  Central 300 (23.08) 141 (22.4) 37 (26.2) 64 (45.4) 40 (28.4)   159 (24.7) 31 (19.5) 84 (52.83) 44 (27.67)   
  Southern 268 (20.62) 140 (21.4) 35 (25) 64 (45.7) 41 (29.3)   128 (19.9) 35 (27.3) 70 (54.7) 23 (18)   
Income (JOD)d              < 0.01
  ≤350 701 (53.92) 314 (47.87) 81 (25.8) 128 (40.76) 105 (33.44) 0.83 387 (60.1) 75 (19.4) 197 (50.9) 115 (29.7) 0.03  
  350–700 493 (37.92) 277 (42.23) 64 (23.10) 131 (47.29) 82 (29.60)   216 (33.5) 63 (29.2) 105 (48.6) 48 (22.2)   
  ≥700 106 (8.15) 65 (9.91) 21 (32.31) 22 (33.85) 22 (33.85)   41 (6.4) 9 (22) 22 (53.6) 10 (24.4)   
Level of education              0.63
  Illiterate 44 (3.38) 17 (2.6) 1 (5.9) 6 (35.3) 10 (58.8) 0.01 27 (4.2) 1 (3.7) 8 (29.6) 18 (66.7) < 0.01  
  Less than secondary 425 (32.69) 223 (34) 43 (19.3) 95 (42.6) 85 (38.1)   202 (31.4) 22 (10.9) 97 (48) 83 (41.1)   
  Secondary 422 (32.46) 217 (33.1) 63 (29) 107 (49.3) 47 (21.7)   205 (31.8) 56 (27.3) 111 (54.2) 38 (18.5)   
  Above secondary 409 (31.46) 199 (30.3) 59 (29.6) 73 (36.7) 67 (33.7)   210 (32.6) 68 (32.4) 108 (51.4) 34 (16.2)   
Household member              0.02
  ≤3 280 (21.54) 125 (19.05) 33 (26.4) 37 (29.6) 55 (44) 0.09 155 (24.07) 31 (20) 40 (25.8) 84 (54.2) < 0.01  
  4–6 632 (48.62) 319 (48.63) 77 (24.1) 152 (47.7) 90 (2)   313 (48.60) 73 (23.3) 174 (55.6) 66 (21.1)   
  > 6 388 (29.85) 212 (32.32) 56 (26.4) 92 (43.4) 64 (30.2)   176 (27.33) 43 (24.4) 110 (62.5) 23 (13.1)   
  1. a Age-based differences among males: Marital status and Education differed significantly according to age in males
  2. b Age-based differences among females: Marital status, Age at marriage, region of residence, income, educational level and number of household members differed according to age in females
  3. c Gender-based differences: Marital status, Age at marriage, region of residence, income, and number of household members differed according to gender
  4. d Monthly household income in JOD = Jordanian Dinar; 1 JOD = 1.41 USD