Skip to main content

Table 3 Regression coefficients (b), Absolute contribution and Relative contribution of determinants to income related inequality in Self-reported morbidity in India over the years

From: Horizontal inequity in self-reported morbidity and untreated morbidity in India: Evidence from National Sample Survey Data

   2017–18 2014 2004
REPORTED MORBIDITY   Coeff EI Abs. % Con Coeff EI Abs. % Con Coeff EI Abs. %Con
Individuals reporting ailment in last 15 days
Need Variables
Age & Sex Interaction 15–29 Maleb
0–14 Male 0.036*** −0.099 − 0.004 − 0.062 0.041*** − 0.109 − 0.004 − 0.059 0.040*** − 0.118 − 0.005 − 0.082
30–44 Male 0.014*** 0.005 0.000 0.001 0.023*** 0.011 0.000 0.003 0.014*** 0.014 0.000 0.003
45–59 Male 0.059*** 0.045 0.003 0.046 0.078*** 0.046 0.004 0.047 0.055*** 0.041 0.002 0.038
60+ Male 0.230*** 0.024 0.006 0.097 0.023*** 0.031 0.007 0.095 0.234*** 0.028 0.007 0.112
0–14 Female 0.030*** − 0.099 − 0.003 − 0.052 0.030*** − 0.117 − 0.004 − 0.047 0.032*** − 0.134 − 0.004 − 0.074
15–29 Female 0.011*** 0.007 0.000 0.001 0.022*** 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.009*** 0.024 0.000 0.004
30–44 Female 0.038*** 0.007 0.000 0.005 0.057*** 0.013 0.001 0.010 0.035*** 0.017 0.001 0.010
45–59 Female 0.092*** 0.054 0.005 0.086 0.124*** 0.058 0.007 0.095 0.071*** 0.045 0.003 0.054
60+ Female 0.216*** 0.025 0.005 0.092 0.226*** 0.028 0.006 0.085 0.220*** 0.027 0.006 0.101
SUBTOTAL (NEED)    0.012 0.214    0.017 0.230    0.009 0.165
Non-Need Variables
Marital Status Never Marriedb
Currently Married −0.002 0.112 0.000 −0.004 0.003 0.130 0.000 0.006 0.012*** 0.121 0.001 0.024
Widowed/Divorced 0.040*** 0.032 0.001 0.022 0.034*** 0.034 0.001 0.015 0.040*** 0.033 0.001 0.022
Location Urbanb
Rural − 0.004* − 0.512 0.002 0.036 − 0.007* − 0.407 0.003 0.039 0.008** −0.425 − 0.003 − 0.057
Social Group Othersb
Scheduled Tribe −0.025*** − 0.102 0.003 0.045 −0.023*** −0.098 0.002 0.030 −0.030*** −0.095 0.003 0.049
Other Backward Caste −0.007* − 0.108 0.001 0.013 0.001 −0.108 0.000 −0.002 − 0.002 − 0.116 0.000 0.003
Scheduled Caste − 0.009*** − 0.046 0.000 0.007 0.004 −0.046 0.000 −0.003 −0.005 − 0.073 0.000 0.006
Health Insurance Insurance coverage including government schemesb
No coverage −0.028*** − 0.133 0.004 0.064 −0.040*** − 0.121 0.005 0.063 −0.039*** − 0.028 0.001 0.019
Education Formal schooling Secondary & aboveb
Schooling till middle 0.008 −0.019 0.000 −0.003 0.022*** 0.005 0.000 0.001 0.018*** 0.085 0.002 0.026
schooling till primary 0.006 −0.128 −0.001 − 0.013 0.019*** − 0.123 − 0.002 −0.030 0.015*** −0.052 − 0.001 − 0.013
Literate without schooling 0.012 −0.005 0.000 −0.001 0.045** −0.006 0.000 −0.004 0.030*** −0.002 0.000 −0.001
Illiterate 0.008** −0.157 −0.001 − 0.022 0.025*** − 0.187 − 0.005 − 0.061 0.033*** − 0.295 −0.010 − 0.168
Employment Wage workerb
Self-employed −0.002 − 0.102 0.000 0.003 −0.005 − 0.073 0.000 0.004 0.002 −0.026 0.000 −0.001
Casual laborer 0.000 −0.220 0.000 0.000 0.003 − 0.216 −0.001 − 0.008 0.010** − 0.276 − 0.003 − 0.049
Others 0.027*** 0.059 0.002 0.027 0.043*** 0.049 0.002 0.028 0.020*** 0.082 0.002 0.028
Religion Hinduismb
Islam 0.016*** −0.047 − 0.001 − 0.013 0.005 − 0.065 0.000 − 0.004 0.016*** − 0.050 − 0.001 − 0.013
Christianity 0.00*** 0.020 0.000 0.006 0.001*** 0.020 0.001 0.013 0.001*** 0.026 0.001 0.022
Others 0.015** 0.034 0.001 0.009 0.014** 0.031 0.000 0.006 −0.001 0.028 0.000 0.000
State Type More Developed(Non-EAG) Statesb
Least Dev. (EAG) States −0.011*** − 0.512 0.005 0.094 −0.033*** − 0.450 0.015 0.198 −0.012*** − 0.381 0.005 0.078
Housing Conditions Index Low-risk householdsb
Medium-risk households 0.018*** 0.026 0.000 0.008 0.006 0.168 0.001 −0.046 0.005 0.239 0.001 0.020
High-risk households 0.022*** −0.487 − 0.011 − 0.189 0.006 − 0.539 − 0.003 0.014 −0.005 − 0.516 0.003 0.046
Household Size Less than 10 membersb
More than 10 members −.0.009** − 0.067 0.001 0.011 −0.001 − 0.069 0.000 0.001 −0.003 − 0.124 0.000 0.007
Expenditure Quintiles Highest MPCE Quintileb
Fourth MPCE Quintile −0.022*** 0.336 −0.007 − 0.130 − 0.026*** 0.341 − 0.009 − 0.116 − 0.025*** 0.338 − 0.008 − 0.143
Middle MPCE Quintile − 0.033*** 0.079 −0.003 − 0.045 − 0.041*** 0.044 − 0.002 − 0.024 − 0.041*** 0.090 − 0.004 − 0.063
Second MPCE Quintile − 0.045*** − 0.270 0.012 0.211 −0.043*** − 0.275 0.012 0.158 −0.047*** − 0.264 0.012 0.211
First MPCE Quintile −0.050*** − 0.723 0.036 0.620 −0.049*** −0.706 0.035 0.460 −0.060*** − 0.729 0.044 0.745
SUBTOTAL (NON-NEED)    0.043 0.778    0.056 0.769    0.047 0.835
Residual   0.002*** 0.002 0.002 0.028 0.002*** 0.002 0.002 0.033 0.002*** 0.002 0.002 0.035
EI (Unstandardized)    0.058 1.000    0.075 1.000    0.058 1.000
  1. Standard error (S.E) in parentheses
  2. Level of significance: *** p<0.01, ** p<0.05, * p<0.1