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Table 3 Descriptive statistics of the main variables

From: Does the separating of hospital revenue from drug sales reduce the burden on patients? Evidence from China

Variable name Full sample SHRDS hospitals Non-SHRDS hospitals
Mean Std.Dev. Mean Std.Dev. Mean Std.Dev.
A: In 2013
 Total healthcare expenditure 5165.50 5713.70 5669.82 6254.44 3839.95 3634.74
 Drug expenditure 2224.51 2688.40 2436.06 2950.43 1668.49 1708.03
 Examination expenditure 1230.62 1321.01 1419.08 1430.05 735.29 786.07
 Material expenditure 370.54 1511.02 413.99 1652.62 256.35 1042.95
 Nursing expenditure 140.55 311.15 140.56 340.41 140.53 216.10
 Bed expenditure 245.11 273.38 249.21 289.31 234.31 225.90
 Blood expenditure 32.75 293.91 41.43 335.10 9.93 132.56
 Surgery expenditure 204.13 586.29 220.15 620.77 162.01 481.57
 Reimbursement ratio (%) 69.38 0.17 70.03 0.17 67.65 0.16
 Deductible line 259.34 99.57 278.24 95.79 209.67 91.92
 Actual reimbursement expenditure 3861.68 4533.19 4261.11 4989.29 2811.82 2759.18
B: In 2014
 Total healthcare expenditure 5639.81 6188.36 6030.62 6499.67 3805.52 3959.32
 Drug expenditure 2154.91 2735.83 2314.13 2888.58 1407.61 1665.87
 Examination expenditure 1494.39 1529.00 1624.83 1594.05 882.18 964.24
 Material expenditure 501.65 1787.69 518.08 1874.33 424.55 1303.64
 Nursing expenditure 175.09 252.29 182.08 265.58 142.28 173.33
 Bed expenditure 226.63 233.72 234.53 245.93 189.59 159.59
 Blood expenditure 32.83 306.89 37.44 329.44 11.21 162.17
 Surgery expenditure 234.44 640.03 239.46 655.69 210.87 560.15
 Reimbursement ratio (%) 69.92 0.16 71.51 0.16 62.43 0.15
 Deductible line 268.70 93.59 274.52 94.41 241.42 84.44
 Actual reimbursement expenditure 4212.72 4850.74 4562.13 5103.83 2572.81 2905.62
C: In 2015
 Total healthcare expenditures 5914.81 6380.34 6132.23 6541.76 3850.99 4025.03
 Drug expenditures 2017.82 2571.89 2106.76 2650.19 1173.57 1394.98
 Examination expenditure 1790.27 1853.52 1870.22 1906.39 1031.39 954.99
 Material expenditure 532.32 1877.55 537.36 1916.37 484.50 1457.71
 Nursing expenditure 176.92 239.73 178.30 242.21 163.78 214.32
 Bed expenditure 211.40 216.52 215.12 221.54 176.16 156.97
 Blood expenditure 32.84 295.46 34.87 306.19 13.54 159.97
 Surgery expenditure 243.05 654.83 245.23 664.19 222.28 556.42
 Reimbursement ratio (%) 70.87 0.16 71.69 0.16 63.05 0.14
 Deductible line 269.42 96.11 272.42 96.79 240.88 84.17
 Actual reimbursement expenditure 4452.12 5055.21 4650.66 5197.99 2567.60 2781.08
  1. The unit of all expenditure variables is Yuan (CNY), and the unit of reimbursement is %. All expenditure variables in the study are converted to 2014 price level using the Consumer Price Index (CPI)