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Table 4 Regression results for targeting of CCT programs among women and children in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. SES rank represents each subregion’s relative rank from richest to poorest in the country, prevalence is specific to each health outcome (underweight, stunting, DPT vaccine coverage, and child deaths), and inequality is measured by the concentration index for each health outcome

From: Geographic Targeting and Normative Frames: Revisiting the Equity of Conditional Cash Transfer Program Distribution in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru

   Women’s coverage Children’s coverage
Under-weight Stunting DPT Child Deaths Under-weight Stunting DPT Child Deaths
Bolivia Prevalence 0.344*** 0.0576 0.0773 0.123 1.868*** 0.447*** −0.121 1.006**
  (0.0970) (0.0460) (0.0545) (0.114) (0.142) (0.0754) (0.242) (0.412)
SES Rank 0.000528 0.00171 0.00426*** 0.00437*** −0.00442 −0.000325 0.0161** 0.0101*
  (0.00109) (0.00133) (0.00115) (0.000663) (0.00411) (0.00318) (0.00635) (0.00474)
Inequality −0.00656 0.00259 0.0333** 0.00886 −0.0112 0.00116 −0.115 −0.102
  (0.0112) (0.0153) (0.0133) (0.0346) (0.0235) (0.0514) (0.183) (0.156)
Constant 0.0199** 0.0215** −0.0342 0.0204* 0.0817** 0.0652** 0.206 0.0444
  (0.00659) (0.00728) (0.0410) (0.00980) (0.0249) (0.0257) (0.169) (0.0418)
Obs. 18 18 9 9 18 18 9 9
R-squared 0.568 0.359 0.877 0.843 0.753 0.490 0.590 0.720
Colombia Prevalence 0.534 −0.858 0.262 −1.918 0.583 −1.326 0.256 −2.541
  (0.966) (0.594) (0.457) (1.403) (1.513) (0.900) (0.731) (2.110)
SES Rank 0.00209 0.00559** 0.00541* 0.00532** −0.000488 0.00422 0.00392 0.00462
  (0.00270) (0.00270) (0.00267) (0.00207) (0.00408) (0.00400) (0.00400) (0.00298)
Inequality 0.0914 0.0459 −0.333 −0.0214 0.0366 −0.0996 − 0.488 −0.0164
  (0.127) (0.191) (0.230) (0.118) (0.195) (0.301) (0.366) (0.162)
Constant 0.192*** 0.239*** −0.0346 0.198*** 0.342*** 0.395*** 0.131 0.320***
  (0.0469) (0.0460) (0.378) (0.0434) (0.0671) (0.0689) (0.609) (0.0607)
Obs. 33 33 33 66 33 33 33 66
R-squared 0.084 0.173 0.125 0.163 0.007 0.103 0.065 0.064
Ecuadora Prevalence −0.0941 0.0126 0.147 0.598
  (0.315) (0.156) (0.136) (0.904)
SES Rank 0.0131*** 0.0124*** 0.0109*** 0.0128***
  (0.00318) (0.00243) (0.00317) (0.00238)
Inequality 0.0242 −0.0974 0.0548 0.118
  (0.0825) (0.143) (0.0946) (0.0735)
Constant 0.165*** 0.134* 0.0444 0.152***
  (0.0382) (0.0690) (0.0935) (0.0520)
Obs. 40 42 21 42
R-squared 0.511 0.521 0.506 0.556
Peru Prevalence 0.00353 0.00582 0.0112*** −0.0177 −0.117 0.0936 0.152*** −0.383
  (0.0120) (0.00409) (0.00355) (0.0231) (0.171) (0.0806) (0.0452) (0.284)
SES Rank 0.000313*** 0.000257*** 0.000316*** 0.000345*** 0.00710*** 0.00539*** 0.00634*** 0.00696***
  (5.69e-05) (5.81e-05) (2.91e-05) (3.73e-05) (0.000866) (0.00126) (0.000495) (0.000514)
Inequality −0.00106 −0.000407 0.000488 −0.00217 −0.0259* − 0.0143 0.00127 − 0.0499
  (0.000837) (0.00116) (0.00314) (0.00203) (0.0144) (0.0194) (0.0415) (0.0397)
Constant −0.00215*** − 0.00205*** −0.00924*** − 0.00164* −0.0428*** − 0.0419*** −0.138*** − 0.0340**
  (0.000516) (0.000493) (0.00255) (0.000809) (0.00891) (0.00937) (0.0330) (0.0148)
Obs. 92 96 96 100 69 72 72 75
R-squared 0.527 0.545 0.588 0.550 0.701 0.709 0.733 0.719
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses
  2. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1
  3. a Data for children’s CCT program coverage was not available for Ecuador