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Table 2 Association of women’s knowledge of cervical cancer and utilisation of cervical cancer screening across participants characteristics

From: Wealth-related inequalities of women’s knowledge of cervical cancer screening and service utilisation in 18 resource-constrained countries: evidence from a pooled decomposition analysis

Characteristics Number of observation Women’s knowledge of cervical cancer Utilisation of cervical cancer screening services
n (%) n (%) 95% CI P-value1 n (%) 95% CI P-value1
Age group
< 26 years 203,472 (11.75) 63,232 (31.08) (30.88–31.28)   47,559 (26.02) (25.82–26.22)  
26–35 years 629,486 (36.36) 217,696 (34.58) (34.47–34.70) < 0.001 175,494 (29.62) (29.50–29.74) < 0.001
36–45 years 674,297 (38.95) 241,054 (35.75) (35.63–35.86)   199,553 (31.06) (30.95–31.17)  
46 or more 223,878 (12.93) 79,957 (35.71) (35.52–35.91)   67,803 (32.00) (31.80–32.20)  
Educational level
no education 752,174 (41.05) 203,970 (26.74) (26.81–27.01)   148,425 (22.19) (22.09–22.29)  
primary 399,246 (21.79) 140,437 (39.40) (39.24–39.56) < 0.001 116,728 (35.72) (35.55–35.88) < 0.001
secondary 570,867 (31.15) 208,976 (39.93) (39.80–40.06)   182,532 (34.21) (34.08–34.33)  
higher 110,019 (6.00) 45,628 (47.35) (47.05–47.65)   42,724 (42.64) (42.33–42.94)  
Household head
male 1,527,282 (85.17) 558,890 (36.70) (36.62–36.77) < 0.001 414,864 (28.81) (28.73–28.88) < 0.001
female 265,922 (14.83) 104,376 (39.75) (39.56–39.94)   79,670 (31.34) (31.16–31.52)  
Household size
< 5 members 534,170 (29.64) 189,376 (38.17) (38.04–38.30)   16,4587 (32.61) (32.48–32.74)  
5–7 members 858,427 (47.63) 318,362 (36.53) (36.43–36.63) < 0.001 239,802 (29.20) (29.10–29.30) < 0.001
≥ 8 members 409,815 (22.74) 156,481 (36.45) (36.30–36.59)   90,147 (24.46) (24.32–24.60)  
Currently breastfeeding
no 1,341,835 (78.97) 463,050 (35.19) (35.11–35.27) < 0.001 403,083 (31.13) (31.05–31.21) < 0.001
yes 357,415 (21.03) 119,168 (31.63) (31.47–31.78)   77,186 (23.82) (23.67–23.96)  
Currently amenorrheic
no 1,569,088 (91.70) 539,226 (34.69) (34.61–34.76)   460,973 (30.57) (30.49–30.64) < 0.001
yes 141,967 (8.30) 51,881 (35.14) (34.89–35.39) 0.312 29,434 (24.23) (23.99–24.47)  
Currently abstaining
no 1,595,179 (93.23) 553,764 (34.71) (34.64–34.79) < 0.001 465,436 (30.40) (30.32–30.47) < 0.001
yes 115,876 (6.77) 40,415 (34.88) (34.60–35.15)   24,971 (25.40) (25.13–25.67)  
Marital status
married 1,529,410 (88.82) 517,451 (33.83) (33.76–33.91) < 0.001 408,194 (28.19) (45.00–45.46) < 0.001
others 192,514 (11.18) 83,854 (43.56) (43.34–43.78)   82,213 (45.23) (28.12–28.27)  
Employment status
no 333,605 (51.07) 149,712 (44.88) (44.71–45.05) < 0.001 110,798 (36.11) (35.94–36.28) 0.174
yes 319,666 (48.93) 165,495 (51.77) (51.60–51.94)   93,590 (36.83) (36.64–37.01)  
Access to health facility
no problem 437,869 (25.77) 136,530 (31.18) (31.04–31.32)   148,406 (32.60) (32.46–32.73) < 0.001
some problem 672,322 (39.57) 262,319 (39.02) (38.90–39.13) < 0.001 179,888 (29.45) (29.33–29.56)  
extreme problem 588,996 (34.66) 186,316 (31.63) (31.51–31.75)   151,967 (27.49) (27.37–27.61)  
Health insurance coverage
no 1,372,070 (79.75) 467,290 (34.06) (33.98–34.14) < 0.001 359,259 (27.86) (27.78–27.94) < 0.001
yes 348,436 (20.25) 147,864 (42.44) (42.27–42.60)   114,053 (33.28) (33.12–33.44)  
Mass media exposure
no 704,804 (39.94) 214,934 (30.50) (30.39–30.60) < 0.001 120,414 (19.33) (19.24–19.43) < 0.001
yes 1,059,673 (60.06) 439,673 (41.49) (41.40–41.59)   363,979 (35.13) (35.04–35.23)  
Wealth Index
poorest (Q1) 410,984 (22.92) 104,745 (25.49) (25.35–25.62) < 0.001 70,699 (18.76) (18.64–18.89)  
poorer (Q2) 385,984 (21.52) 123,850 (32.09) (31.94–32.23)   88,121 (24.39) (24.25–24.53) < 0.001
middle (Q3) 364,113 (20.31) 139,510 (38.32) (38.16–38.47)   104,965 (30.52) (30.36–30.67)  
richer (Q4) 341,052 (19.02) 149,721 (43.90) (43.73–44.07)   114,233 (35.07) (34.90–35.23)  
richest (Q5) 299,854 (16.64) 148,328 (48.68) (44.52–55.29)   116,516 (40.19) (35.16–42.92)  
Place of residence
urban 600,094 (33.30) 271,061 (45.17) (45.04–45.30) < 0.001 206,979 (36.11) (35.99–36.23) < 0.001
rural 1,201,893 (66.70) 395,695 (32.92) (32.84–33.01)   287,558 (25.65) (25.56–25.73)  
Total 1,801,987 (100.00) 666,789 (36.99) (36.92–37.06)   494,537 (29.19) (29.12–29.25)  
  1. 1P-values were derived using chi-square test, CI confidence interval