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Table 2 Wealth-based inequities in utilization of selected maternal and child health services

From: Wealth-based equity in maternal, neonatal, and child health services utilization: a cross-sectional study from Ethiopia

Type of child health servicesNo of subjectsOverall utilizationQ1 utilizationQ5 utilizationDifference (Q5-Q1; % points)Slope index of inequity /SII (% points)Ratio (Q5: Q1)Concentration index/CIX (X100)
n%%%%%SEPvalue%SEP
Maternal health services
 Antenatal care (4 or more visits)7143020442422.05.8< 0.0012.213.23.3< 0.001
 Skilled birth attendance7144829714246.05.4< 0.0012.517.52.1< 0.001
 Postnatal care (within two days)71412818109.04.20 .0422.214.16.00.020
Child health services
 BCG immunization567666965−4−9.56.80.1630.94−2.41.70.170
 Polio 3 immunization567646663−3−6.16.90.3800.95−1.81.80.338
 Pentavalent 3 immunization567545657−1− 1.77.20.8101.02−0.32.20.911
  Measles immunization567616057−3−7.07.20.3260.95−2.11.90.286
 Full immunization567414244−2−5.07.20.4881.05−1.83.00.548
 Vitamin A supplementation924576057−3− 5.15.60.3610.95−0.71.60.662
  1. Immunization coverage was computed for children aged 12–23 months and vitamin A supplementation for 6–23 months old. CIX- concentration index, SII-slope index of inequity. SE-standard error, Q1-wealth quintile 1 (20% poorest), Q5-wealth quintile 5 (20% better-off), 95%CI- 95% confidence interval. “Difference” (Q5-Q1) is a measure of an absolute difference in utilization of the services between the better-off (Q5) and poorest (Q1); “Ratio” is a measure of relative inequity of Q5 divided by Q1. The SII is an estimate of absolute inequity that takes the whole population into account and interpreted as the percentage point difference. The CIX is an estimate of relative inequity which takes the whole population into account. For all equity indices, the results are presented in percentages.