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Table 2 Representative statements for each cluster in the Australia concept map with statement ID and bridging values

From: Strategies to support culturally safe health and wellbeing evaluations in Indigenous settings in Australia and New Zealand: a concept mapping study

Cluster StatementBridging
1. Integrity of evaluators 
 13 Be humble, empathic, open, and honest.0.00
 1 Observe with both eyes, listen with both ears and speak little.0.02
 15 Talk the walk and walk the talk’ i.e., evaluators need to say what they are going to do, do what they say.0.11
2. Building and maintaining relationships with community 
 32 Consider and address gender roles and responsibilities prior to starting the evaluation.0.23
 49 Reflect on the connection of the evaluator/s with the community/iwi/hap? and the kaupapa or reason for the evaluation/project. How strong is the connection and how “good” is the fit? Is there someone else who should be here?0.25
 80 Make time for evaluator/s and the community to “get to know each other”, make relationship connections and build trust early before the evaluation can move forward.0.25
3. Community-driven evaluation methodology 
 106 The methods used to collect data are life affirming and meaningful for Indigenous evaluators and/or participants.0.17
 104 The evaluation plan and approach build on the strengths of Indigenous people and culture.0.21
 53 Capture the diversity of Indigenous peoples within and between communities.0.23
4. Strengths-based approach to evaluation 
 45 Consider and address the power dynamics and relationships between the evaluators and participants.0.20
 18 Ensure that integrity is at the forefront of the evaluation process.0.22
 69 Conduct evaluation activities in a manner that enhances the standing of the Indigenous community including accommodating conflicting views and looking for ways forward.0.23
5. Respecting language protocols 
 17 Correctly pronounce the Indigenous language of respective Indigenous communities.0.38
 29 Pay attention to Indigenous people’s preference for language i.e., know when it is appropriate to use Indigenous language or not.0.38
 62 Where necessary, ensure that an interpreter who is trusted and well regarded by the community is available.0.38
6. Cultural capability of evaluators 
 34 Have a respected cultural advisor on the team.0.20
 105 Non-Indigenous evaluators need to take responsibility and recognise the impact of their ‘whiteness’ including the increased opportunities this confers to exercise power and control.0.24
 64 Those undertaking the evaluation have received cultural safety training, if non-Indigenous.0.25
7. Reciprocity 
 103 Think about how to present unpalatable, difficult or challenging data - or even missing data - how can this be done so it doesn’t cause further harm?0.71
 77 Include opportunities for Indigenous capacity building in the program and the evaluation.0.71
 82 Train local Indigenous people to work on the evaluation.0.80
8. Respectful communication 
 24 Ensure that the evaluator is able to inform the project and impact on the credibility of the evaluation findings and the integrity of all those involved.0.58
 23 The language used to share evaluation information with the community is easy to follow so the community understands what is being done, and how they can be involved, if appropriate.0.74
 56 Maintain confidentiality regardless of how minor the issue may be - keeping it confidential is critical.0.77
9. Translating and honouring evaluation results for Aboriginal community benefit 
 7 Evaluation findings are adequately communicated to policy makers in the interests of effecting positive change.0.38
 41 Consider and address how evaluation results may be translated into longer term benefits for the Indigenous community.0.42
 95 Secure community endorsement for publication and reports0.49
10. Aboriginal voice and representation 
 72 Engage community in planning and co-creation of the evaluation framework/model.0.21
 92 Identify who the “community” is - ensure the community identified by the commissioner is actually the right community.0.23
 5 Work with Indigenous people in the planning stages to find out what they want to know to ensure that the evaluation questions reflect their needs, issues and concerns.0.28
11. Community-engaged evaluation planning 
 87 What Indigenous people value about the program/initiative is reflected in the evaluation questions and plan.0.18
 43 That program objectives and targets have been defined by the community and not by an external party such as a funding body.0.23
 84 Outcome measures are defined with the community to capture what is important to the community as well as the funding body.0.28
12. Funding that is responsive to Aboriginal community needs and priorities 
 78 The evaluation terms of reference or activity plan is balanced so it meets the requirements/needs of the community and the agenda of the evaluation commissioner.0.17
 71 Clearly and overtly define the power dynamics of all stakeholders and use this to assist in defining the purpose and audiences of the evaluation in the evaluation design.0.30
 65 Ensure from the outset of planning that commissioners engage and consult with Indigenous people.0.33