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Table 1 Variable definitions and sample means or percent (standard deviations) with minimum and maximum value in India, 2015–16

From: Socio-economic inequality in malnutrition among children in India: an analysis of 640 districts from National Family Health Survey (2015–16)

VariablesDefinitionsMean or %Std. Dev.MinMax
StuntingDistrict’s with mean stunted children below age 5 years38.369.6913.0165.11
UnderweightDistrict’s with mean underweight children below age 5 years34.5011.587.0066.95
Female ChildPercent of female child in a district48.282.7036.1260.25
Birth size (> = normal)Percent of women reported to have birth size average and above in a district88.075.1770.5598.67
Birth orderDistrict’s average birth order2.270.421.373.60
Unwanted birthPercent of unwanted birth in a district4.172.960.0016.08
Height of motherAverage height of the women (aged 15–49) in a district152.782.94147.75170.34
Female literacyMean year of schooling of women (aged 15–49) in districts6.222.211.4513.25
Scheduled caste and tribesPercent of district’s female population belonging to scheduled caste and tribes40.5523.881.31100.00
MuslimPercent of district’s female population belonging to Muslim household15.7919.570.00100.00
Safe drinking facilityPercent of household in a district with access of safe drinking water35.3528.050.1598.92
Open defecationPercent of household in a district exposed to open defecate42.1027.430.0089.12
Rural PopulationPercent of district’s female population living in rural area76.2319.120.00100.00
NorthConsist of the states-Haryana, Himanchal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Chandigarh and Uttarakhand0.190.390.001.00
CentralConsist of the states- Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh0.290.460.001.00
EastConsist of the states- Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal0.210.410.001.00
NortheastConsist the states-Arunanchal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura0.140.350.001.00
WestConsist of the states- Goa, Gujrat, Maharashtra, Daman & Diu, Dadar & Nager Haveli A& N Island0.070.250.001.00
SouthConsist of the states-Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu and Telangana0.100.300.001.00