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Table 3 Association between selected socio-geographic and health system factors and the geographical distribution of maternal and child health care utilization in 46 districts of Ethiopia, December 2016–February 2017

From: Geographic differences in maternal and child health care utilization in four Ethiopian regions; a cross-sectional study

Explanatory variablesaEstimateStandard errort-valuep valueVifb
Antenatal care visits four times or more
 Intercept0.283    
 Mean age of the women0.0130.0152.1570.037**1.652
 Mean education level of the women−0.0180.024−0.7980.4291.672
 The proportion of households with a mobile phone−0.0020.0000.9110.3681.606
 Proportion of households with a radio0.0000.0001.0830.2851.799
 Proportion of women’s ownership of households−0.0020.004− 0.5440.5891.157
 Proportion of women having a family health card0.0030.0021.4370.1591.240
 Mean parity−0.1110.039−2.8820.006**1.724
Health facility delivery
 Intercept−0.195    
 Mean age of the women0.010.0160.5910.5582.578
 Mean number of pregnancies−0.1060.162− 0.6520.5181.812
 Mean number of antenatal care visits0.0070.0023.0130.004**1.721
 The proportion of women participating in women’s development groups0.0010.0020.6460.5221.167
 Proportion of women having a family health card0.0030.0021.4840.1451.196
 Mean parity−0.0060.055−0.1210.9044.207
Full immunization
 Intercept0.309    
 Mean distance to the health post−0.0010.001− 0.910.3681.406
 Family size−0.050.048−1.050.2991.515
 Mean radio availability in the household−0.170.172−0.9870.3301.154
 Mean mobile phone availability in the household0.2060.1091.8960.046**1.274
 Mean elevation−0.0000.000−0.650.5191.273
 Mean age of the child (in month)0.0460.0311.4980.1431.209
 The proportion of male children−0.1950.225−0.8670.3921.705
 Proportion of household with health post in their kebele0.1790.2290.7850.4371.265
Sick child care utilization
 Intercept−0.221    
 The proportion of household with health post in their kebele0.0070.0051.3370.1891.15
 The proportion of male children0.0040.0080.5300.5991.153
 Mean distance to health post (reported)−0.0040.004−1.2120.2321.055
  1. ** Significance at p-value < 0.05
  2. aThe estimation was done at district level
  3. bVariance inflation factor