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Table 5 Contextual factors associated with ‘between’ and ‘within’ municipal inequality for three categories of PHWs in China, 2012

From: Measuring inequalities in the public health workforce at county-level Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in China

 StaffsHealth professionalsField epidemiological investigators
BetweenWithinBetweenWithinBetweenWithin
contextual factorsParameter estimates
B(95%CI)
PbParameter estimates
B(95%CI)
PbParameter estimates
B(95%CI)
PbParameter estimates
B(95%CI)
PbParameter estimates
B(95%CI)
PbParameter estimates
B(95%CI)
Pb
Per capita GDP0.0000 (0.000–0.000)0.0000.0000 (0.000–0.000)0.0010.0000 (0.000–0.000)0.6060.0000 (0.000–0.000)0.0120.0000 (0.000–0.000)0.0000.0000 (0.000–0.000)0.122
Numbers of kindergartens and primary schools per 10,000 capita0.0002 (0.000–0.001)0.3140.0005 (0.000–0.001)0.1400.0002 (0.000–0.001)0.5240.0004 (0.000–0.001)0.1820.0000 (0.000–0.000)0.9780.0000(−0.001–0.001)0.986
Agency government financial allocation per employee−0.0023(− 0.004--0.001)0.012− 0.0005(− 0.004–0.003)0.748−0.0024(− 0.005–0.001)0.105−0.0007(− 0.003–0.002)0.6220.0002(− 0.002–0.002)0.811− 0.0010(− 0.005–0.003)0.570
Agency building area per employee− 0.0015(− 0.002--0.001)0.000−0.0014(− 0.002--0.001)0.0010.0014 (0.001–0.002)0.000− 0.0011(− 0.002–0.000)0.001−0.0013(− 0.002--0.001)0.000−0.0016(− 0.002--0.001)0.000
Numbers of training days per employee per year0.0006(−0.002–0.003)0.6360.0035(− 0.001–0.008)0.144−0.0021(− 0.006–0.002)0.3480.0035 (0.000–0.007)0.0850.0016(− 0.001–0.005)0.3030.0000(− 0.005–0.005)0.990
R-square0.2470.1120.0990.0880.1630.061
F-value17.856.8695.9585.22610.5933.519
P0.0000.0000.0000.0000.0000.002
  1. a Data source: National cross-sectional survey of the CDC system for 2012, Division of Disease Control and Prevention, Ministry of Health
  2. b All the regression estimates are adjusted for the effect of region (East, Central, West)