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Table 1 Density and inter-county inequality (n = 2712) by regiona for three categories of PHWs in China, 2012b

From: Measuring inequalities in the public health workforce at county-level Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in China

Workforce Category EastCentralWestAll Regions
 (n = 865)(n = 860)(n = 987)(n = 2712) c
Staff dNumber45,98547,22440,616133,825
Mean density0.941.051.061.01
Min county density0.010.110.090.01
Max county density12.8917.8717.0317.87
Theil T0.05530.06470.07560.0657
Gini0.27260.29640.31250.2948
Health professionals dNumber36,63933,92233,296103,857
Mean density0.750.760.870.79
Min county density0.010.060.630.01
Max county density12.8913.6613.0813.66
Theil T0.05780.06860.08210.0703
Gini0.27720.30560.32630.3038
Field epidemiological investigators dNumber18,64317,93816,32052,901
Mean density0.380.400.430.40
Min county density0.000.000.000.00
Max county density1.787.368.728.72
Theil T0.08480.10250.14140.1089
Gini0.33850.37250.42790.3788
  1. Abbreviation: PHW, Public health workforce
  2. a According to the level of economic development, China is divided into eastern, central, and western regions. The eastern region is an economically developed region, including Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Liaoning, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, and Hainan, with a total of 11 provinces and independent municipalities; the central region is an economically developed region, including Shanxi, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan, with a total of 8 provinces. The western region is an economically underdeveloped region, including Inner Mongolia, Chongqing, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang, with a total of 12 provinces, autonomous regions, and independent municipalities under the Central Government
  3. b Data source: National cross-sectional survey of the CDC system for 2012, Division of Disease Control and Prevention, Ministry of Health
  4. c There was 2852 county-level CDCs in mainland China in 2012, we included 2712 counties for analysis due to some missing data
  5. d These categories are not discrete, as health professionals are a subset of staff, and field epidemiological investigators are a subset of health professionals