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Table 1 HIV prevalence and socio-demographic characteristics stratified by gender and race

From: HIV prevalence in South Africa through gender and racial lenses: results from the 2012 population-based national household survey

Variables Males Females
Black African Other racesa Black African Other racesa
n HIV % 95% CI p-values n HIV % 95% CI p-value n HIV % 95% CI p-value n HIV % 95% CI p-value
Total 5202 16.6 15.0–18.4   3549 1.7 1.1–2.5   7348 24.1 22.4–26.0   4596 2.3 1.5–3.5  
Age (years)
 15 to 24 1940 3.3 2.5–4.5 < 0.001 854 0.6 0.3–1.5 < 0.001 2130 13.5 11.6–15.7 < 0.001 959 0.8 0.4–1.7 < 0.001
 25 to 49 2120 25.7 22.8–28.8   1548 2.7 1.7–4.4   3173 36.0 33.0–39.2   1985 4.2 2.8–6.4  
 50+ 1140 12.2 9.4–15.7   1146 0.8 0.4–1.4   2043 10.1 8.5–12.1   1651 0.6 0.2–1.9  
Marital status
 Not Married 3773 17.2 15.2–19.4 0.248 1827 2.7 1.9–4.0 0.021 5512 26.9 24.8–29.1 < 0.001 2499 3.4 2.3–5.2 < 0.001
 Married 1304 14.9 12.0–18.3   1676 0.9 0.4–2.3   1710 16.4 13.3–19.9   2046 0.7 0.3–1.7  
Education level
 No education/Primary 1148 17.4 14.4–20.9 0.078 439 4.8 2.8–8.1 < 0.001 1536 24.2 21.1–27.5 < 0.001 665 6.1 3.0–12.2 < 0.001
 Secondary 2953 16.8 14.8–19.1   2392 1.5 0.9–2.5   4040 27.2 24.8–29.8   3043 2.2 1.4–3.5  
 Tertiary 238 9.5 5.2–16.6   372 0.1 0.0–0.2   352 13.1 8.9–19.0   416 0.3 0.1–0.8  
Employment status
 Unemployed 2907 13.7 11.4–16.4 0.003 1207 2.5 1.5–4.2 < 0.001 5041 24.6 22.7–26.7 < 0.001 2623 3.7 2.3–5.9 < 0.001
 Employed 1860 21.9 19.0–25.1   1930 1.6 0.9–2.8   1691 26.2 22.4–30.5   1540 1.2 0.7–2.0  
Asset based SES scores
 Low SES 3163 17.7 15.7–20.0 0.003 366 6.3 3.6–10.9 < 0.001 4327 27.3 25.1–29.6 < 0.001 395 8.0 4.6–13.4 < 0.001
 Middle SES 1571 17.8 14.2–22.0   1215 3.6 2.0–6.4   2338 22.9 19.4–26.8   1710 4.3 2.5–7.3  
 High SES 414 6.4 3.9–10.5   1922 0.5 0.3–1.0   590 9.6 6.8–13.6   2435 1.0 0.4–2.0  
Locality type
 Urban formal 1767 17 14.2–20.2 0.040 3016 1.5 1.0–2.4 < 0.001 2558 21.1 18.1–24.5 < 0.001 4010 2.3 1.5–3.7 < 0.001
 urban informal 920 20.3 15.6–26.1   60 12.5 4.4–31.0   1192 34.4 30.1–39.0   79 11.5 6.7–19.1  
 rural informal 1861 14.6 12.6–16.8   10 29.9 5.7–75.0   2987 24.3 22.0–26.9   5 22.7 4.3–66.1  
 rural formal 654 23.8 16.7–32.8   463 1.3 0.6–3.0   611 31.3 26.9–36.2   502 1.6 0.8–3.2  
  1. aOther races include White, Coloured and Indians/Asians