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Table 2 Trends in national and by wealth stunting prevalence in under five children in LAC countries

From: Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in stunting prevalence in Latin America and the Caribbean countries: differences between quintiles and deciles

Country Year National Deciles Quintiles
D1 (poorest 10%) D10 (wealthiest 10%) Q1 (poorest 20%) Q5 (wealthiest 20%)
Prevalence P-valuea Prevalence P-valuea Prevalence P-valuea Prevalence P-valuea Prevalence P-valuea
Belize 2006 22.5   51.0   4.0   38.8   7.8  
Belize 2011 19.3   42.6   9.8   32.9   9.0  
Belize 2015 14.9   34.5   2.1   26.1   5.4  
 Annual change   −0.89 < 0.001 −1.87 0.003 −0.30 0.504 −1.36 0.073 −0.74 0.029
Bolivia 1998 32.9   51.8   8.1   49.1   9.0  
Bolivia 2003 32.3   48.5   6.7   48.7   8.7  
Bolivia 2008 27.1   49.0   6.8   45.9   6.5  
 Annual change   −0.59 < 0.001 − 0.30 0.254 − 0.12 0.596 − 0.31 0.146 − 0.30 0.090
Colombia 1995 19.5   30.7   10.4   29.5   9.2  
Colombia 2000 18.2   29.9   8.9   26.3   8.9  
Colombia 2005 15.7   28.2   3.5   25.2   4.7  
Colombia 2010 13.2   22.9   7.5   19.4   6.8  
 Annual change   −0.44 < 0.001 − 0.55 < 0.001 − 0.08 0.676 − 0.68 < 0.001 − 0.20 0.057
Dominican Republic 1996 13.5   32.0   2.4   26.7   2.9  
Dominican Republic 2002 11.4   22.3   2.5   19.7   3.8  
Dominican Republic 2007 9.8   19.3   5.0   15.8   4.7  
Dominican Republic 2013 6.9   14.2   5.3   11.3   3.9  
 Annual change   −0.39 < 0.001 −0.99 < 0.001 0.20 0.135 −0.88 < 0.001 0.09 0.371
Guatemala 1995 55.6   71.5   12.7   70.5   15.8  
Guatemala 1998 54.0   70.0   11.9   71.3   15.0  
Guatemala 2008 48.0   66.9   12.0   67.9   14.3  
Guatemala 2014 46.7   67.7   13.3   66.3   17.4  
 Annual change   −0.47 < 0.001 −0.21 0.086 0.052 0.787 −0.23 0.014 0.10 0.369
Haiti 1994 36.8   51.0   10.6   50.1   15.3  
Haiti 2000 28.7   40.8   8.7   37.5   10.1  
Haiti 2005 29.4   46.6   5.6   41.0   8.0  
Haiti 2012 21.9   32.8   5.6   31.0   6.6  
Haiti 2016 21.8   33.8   5.6   33.9   9.1  
 Annual change   −0.66 < 0.001 −0.77 < 0.001 −0.20 0.073 −0.69 < 0.001 −0.23 0.009
Honduras 2005 30.0   52.7   4.9   50.4   6.7  
Honduras 2011 22.7   46.5   4.5   42.1   8.0  
 Annual change   −1.22 < 0.001 −1.04 0.003 −0.08 0.762 −1.38 < 0.001 0.21 0.325
Peru 1996 31.6   55.1   5.4   52.5   8.4  
Peru 2000 31.1   55.8   3.5   54.1   5.8  
Peru 2009 23.8   47.0   3.5   45.2   4.2  
Peru 2010 23.3   46.3   3.1   44.0   5.4  
Peru 2011 19.5   47.6   1.4   43.6   2.4  
Peru 2012 18.1   42.0   2.5   38.5   3.4  
Peru 2013 17.7   42.4   1.1   38.0   2.9  
Peru 2014 14.8   41.1   3.0   34.2   4.1  
Peru 2015 14.9   37.9   1.8   32.9   2.9  
Peru 2016 13.1   36.9   3.4   30.2   3.6  
 Annual change   −1.00 < 0.001 −0.94 < 0.001 −0.13 0.006 −1.20 < 0.001 −0.23 < 0.001
Suriname 2006 10.7   20.7   4.8   16.9   4.4  
Suriname 2010 8.8   17.5   8.0   13.4   5.5  
 Annual change   −0.47 0.116 −0.81 0.40 0.79 0.40 −0.85 0.163 0.28 0.622
  1. aVariance-weighted least squares regression was used to estimate the average of absolute annual change in prevalence of stunting for each country