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Table 3 Reasons for asking patients about their socioeconomic circumstances

From: A systematic review of reasons for and against asking patients about their socioeconomic contexts

Reasons Citations
Reasons relating to individual healthcare encounters
 Clinicians can refer patients to social resources [10, 16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38]
 Clinicians can engage directly with patients’ social needs [18, 34, 39, 40]
 Clinicians can acknowledge patients’ socially-determined risk of disease (specifically cardiovascular disease risk) [41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49] ( [16, 23, 35, 50,51,52])
 More clinical resources can be allocated to patients facing adverse social conditions [26, 42, 53,54,55,56,57]
 Clinical management plans can be adapted to patients’ socioeconomic context [11, 16, 32, 38, 58,59,60,61,62,63,64,65,66,67,68,69,70]
 Clinicians can better understand non-adherence to management plans [26, 58, 66, 71, 72]
 Communication and relationships can be improved between patients and clinicians [54, 73,74,75,76]
 Patient preferences [27, 77, 78]
Reasons relating to health service provision and organisation
 Healthcare use by different socioeconomic groups can be better monitored [26, 31, 43, 79,80,81,82,83,84,85,86,87,88,89]
 More healthcare resources can be allocated to populations with greater need [35, 90,91,92,93]
 Healthcare services can be better adapted to population needs [10, 16, 23, 26, 32, 42, 43, 60, 68, 87, 92, 94]
 Deprivation payments can be more accurately allocated [55, 82, 90, 95,96,97]
Reasons relating to population-level research and policies
 Health research can be improved [13, 16, 35, 45, 46, 60, 73, 82, 89, 98,99,100,101,102,103,104]
 Public health policies can be better-informed [10, 23, 32, 42, 44, 57, 66, 81, 105,106,107]
 Health and social care can be better integrated [29, 31, 101]