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Table 1 Key demographic and health indicators in the study counties

From: “We are called the et cetera”: experiences of the poor with health financing reforms that target them in Kenya

Indicator Nairobi County (urban) Siaya County (rural) Kenya
Population in 2015/16 [37]  
 Total 4,463,000 985,000 45,371,000
 Male 2,237,000 (50.1%) 466,000 (47.3%) 22,393,000 (49.4%)
 Female 2,226,000 (49.9%) 519,000 (52.7%) 22,977,000 (50.6%)
 Poverty rate in 2015/16 [38] 16.7% 33.8% 36.1%
HDSS [33, 35, 39,40,41,42,43,44]
 Population 70,000 255,000 > 868,472
 Households 25,793 63,943 > 173,220
Health facilities in 2015 [45, 46]
 Public 161 123 4929
 Non-governmental 118 7 347
 Faith-based 100 16 1081
 Private 543 28 3797
 Utilization of traditional/faith healers/herbalists 0.9% 0.9% 0.8%
Health personnel in public facilities in 2015 [45, 46]
 Nurses (per 100,000 people) 53 33 55
 Doctors (per 100,000 people) 14 2 10
 Clinical Officers (per 100,000 people) 6 25 21
Access to health services [37]
 Utilization of curative services 17.3% 30.6% 18.0%
 Utilization of promotive/preventive services 2.4% 7.3% 4.2%
 Health facility deliveries 90.8% 83.9% 67.2%
 Measles I & II immunization coverage (0–59 months) 77.7% 83.4% 77.4%
Health financing
 Total government health spending, 2014/15 (per capita in US$) [47] 34.9 76.8 66.7
 Health insurance coverage (2015/2016) [37] 40.7% 7.6% 19.0%