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Table 2 Indicators used in Web-Delphi round 1, by area of concern of the EURO-HEALTHY Population Health Index

From: Scenarios for population health inequalities in 2030 in Europe: the EURO-HEALTHY project experience

Area of concern Indicator
Economic conditions, social protection and security Unemployment rate (%)
Long-term unemployment rate – 12 months and more (%)
Disposable income of private households per capita (Euro per inhabitant)
People at risk of poverty or social exclusion (%)
Disposable income ratio – S80/S20 (ratio)
Expenditure on care for elderly (% of GDP)
Crimes recorded by the police per 100 000 inhabitants
Education Population aged 25-64 with upper secondary or tertiary education attainment (%)
Early leavers from education and training (%)
Demographic change At risk of poverty rate of older people – aged 65 years or over (%)
Ageing index (ratio)
Lifestyle and Health behaviours Adults who are obese (%)
Daily smokers – aged 15 and over (%)
Pure alcohol consumption – aged 15 and over (Liters per capita)
Live births by mothers under age of 20 (%)
Physical environment Annual mean of the daily PM2.5 concentrations (μg/m3)
Annual mean of the daily PM10 concentrations (μg/m3)
Greenhouse Gas (GHG), total tonnes of CO2 eq. emissions per annum per capita
Population exposed to traffic noise – Lden 55-59db, during day (%)
Population affected by flooding, per 1 000 000 inhabitants
Built environment Average number of rooms per person
Households without indoor flushing toilet (%)
Households without central heating (%)
Population density (inhabitants/km2)
Population connected to public water supply (%)
Population connected to wastewater treatment plants (%)
Recycling rate of municipal waste (%)
Road safety Victims in road accidents – injured and killed, per 100 000 inhabitants
Fatality rate due to road traffic accidents, per 1000 victims
Healthcare resources and expenditure Medical doctors, per 100 000 inhabitants
Health personnel (nurses and midwives, dentists, pharmacists and physiotherapists), per 100 000 inhabitants
Total health expenditure (THE), PPP$ per capita, World Health Organization (WHO) estimates
Private households’ out-of-pocket on health as percentage of total health expenditure (THE)
Public expenditure on health, PPP$ per capita, WHO estimates
Healthcare performance Hospital discharges due to diabetes, hypertension and asthma, per 100 000 inhabitants
Amenable deaths to health care – standardised death rate, per 100 000 inhabitants
  1. Source: Santana P, Costa C, Freitas A, Stefanik I et al. (2017) Atlas of population health in European Union regions (Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra: Coimbra).