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Table 4 Multivariable analysis between health needs and gender

From: Health need assessment in an indigenous high-altitude population living on an island in Lake Titicaca, Perú

Characteristic Crude PR (95% CI) Adjusteda PR (95% CI)
Female Male Female Male
Adults
 Non-communicable diseases and risk factors
  Blood pressure measurement in the last year Ref. 0.86 (0.59–1.24) Ref. 0.83 (0.58–1.18)
  Self-report of a diagnosis of high blood pressure Ref. 0.75 (0.23–2.45) Ref. 0.73 (0.22–2.35)
  Smoking in the last year Ref. 7.04 (2.83–17.53) Ref. 6.75 (2.66–17.10)
  Smoking in the last month Ref. 4.89 (1.51–15.86) Ref. 4.70 (1.41–15.63)
  Lifetime prevalence of alcohol use Ref. 1.67 (1.25–2.23) Ref. 1.69 (1.27–2.25)
  Alcohol use in the last month Ref. 1.60 (0.83–3.09) Ref. 1.56 (0.81–2.99)
  Fruit consumption in the last week Ref. 0.96 (0.88–1.05) Ref. 0.97 (0.88–1.06)
 Eye health
  Lifetime prevalence of visual acuity testing Ref. 1.67 (1.06–2.62) Ref. 1.76 (1.09–2.83)
  Difficulty seeing/recognising a face within 6 m in the last year Ref. 1.02 (0.78–1.32) Ref. 0.95 (0.75–1.19)
 Communicable diseases
  Heard about tuberculosis Ref. 1.17 (0.94–1.45) Ref. 1.23 (1.00–1.52)
  Heard about HIV/AIDS Ref. 1.00 (0.69–1.44) Ref. 1.27 (0.91–1.78)
 Depression
  Self-report of anhedonia or sadness Ref. 0.75 (0.53–1.05) Ref. 0.84 (0.62–1.13)
Children
 Eye health
  Lifetime prevalence of visual acuity testing Ref. 0.91 (0.60–1.39) Ref. N/A
  Self-report of a diagnosis of visual impairment or prescription of glasses Ref. 2.92 (0.57–14.88) Ref. N/A
  1. a Adjusted by age