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Table 5 Factors associated with access to community-based HIV programs among transgender women in multivariate logistic regression model (n = 1375)

From: Access to community-based HIV services among transgender women in Cambodia: findings from a national survey

Variables in the final model* Access to community-based HIV programs
AOR (95% CI) P-value
Study setting
Rural Reference  
Urban 1.41 (1.01–1.96) 0.04
Level of formal education attained
Primary or lower (0–6 years) Reference  
Lower secondary (7–9 years) 0.96 (0.67–1.32) 0.80
Higher secondary (10–12 years) 1.19 (0.86–1.65) 0.29
University or higher 1.68 (1.02–2.75) 0.04
Use of gender-affirming hormones
No Reference  
Yes 1.50 (1.17–1.92) 0.002
Usual role in anal sex with men in past three months
Insertive Reference  
Receptive 0.33 (0.14–0.78) 0.01
Both 0.73 (0.31–5.87) 0.09
Always used condoms with men not in exchange for money or gifts
No Reference  
Yes 0.67 (0.51–0.87) 0.003
Always used condoms with men in exchange for money or gifts
No Reference  
Yes 1.81 (0.16–2.82) 0.009
Feeling that co-workers/classmates are supportive regarding transgender identity
Supportive Reference  
Not supportive 0.57 (0.44–0.98) 0.04
Having been arrested by police or authorities because of transgender identity
No Reference  
Yes 1.55 (1.03–2.33) 0.03
  1. Abbreviations: AOR, adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval
  2. *Variables in the table were the ones that were statistically significant in the multivariate logistic regression model. Full multivariate logistic regression model including all covariates can be found in Appendix
  3. Defined by having been reached by a community-based HIV program with any one of the services in the past 3 months