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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics of transgender women who had and who had no access to community-based HIV programs

From: Access to community-based HIV services among transgender women in Cambodia: findings from a national survey

Characteristics Total (n = 1375) Access to community-based HIV programs in the past 3 months*
No (n = 756) Yes (n = 619) P-value*
Living in urban setting 1146 (83.3) 644 (85.2) 502 (81.1) 0.04
Age group     0.07
18–24 729 (53.0) 418 (55.3) 311 (50.2)  
25–34 503 (36.6) 256 (33.9) 247 (39.9)  
≥ 35 143 (10.4) 82 (10.8) 61 (9.9)  
Marital status     0.79
Married 7 (0.5) 4 (0.5) 3 (0.5)  
Widowed/divorced 18 (1.3) 11 (1.5) 7 (1.1)  
Not married/not living with a partner 1070 (78.1) 590 (78.0) 484 (78.2)  
Not married/living with a partner 260 (18.9) 140 (18.5) 120 (18.9)  
Level of formal education attained     0.16
Primary or lower (0–6 years) 307 (22.3) 172 (22.8) 135 (21.8)  
Lower secondary (7–9 years) 440 (32.0) 255 (33.7) 185 (29.9)  
Higher secondary (10–12 years) 503 (36.6) 270 (35.7) 233 (37.6)  
University or higher 125 (9.1) 59 (7.8) 66 (10.7)  
Living in current city ≥16 months 810 (58.9) 430 (56.9) 380 (61.4) 0.09
Average income in the past 6 months ≥US$186 499 (36.3) 259 (34.3) 240 (38.8) 0.08
Current occupation (main source of income) < 0.001
Unemployed 64 (4.7) 39 (5.2) 25 (4.0)  
Hairdresser/beautician 282 (35.1) 242 (32.0) 240 (38.8)  
Government officer 16 (1.2) 8 (1.1) 8 (1.3)  
Laborer 222 (16.1) 146 (19.3) 76 (12.3)  
Seller 149 (10.8) 80 (10.6) 69 (11.1)  
Entertainment worker 140 (10.2) 78 (10.3) 62 (10.0)  
Sex worker 27 (2.0) 18 (2.4) 9 (1.5)  
Student 108 (7.9) 72 (9.5) 36 (5.8)  
NGO staff 34 (2.5) 4 (0.5) 30 (4.8)  
Private company staff 34 (2.5) 24 (3.2) 10 (1.6)  
Farmer/fisherman 19 (1.4) 9 (1.2) 10 (1.6)  
Artist 36 (2.6) 15 (2.0) 21 (3.4)  
Others 44 (3.2) 21 (2.8) 23 (3.7)  
Frequency of expression as female     < 0.001
All the time 661 (48.1) 331 (43.8) 330 (53.3)  
Not all the time 714 (51.9) 415 (56.1) 289 (46.7)  
Average number of transgender women they knew 23.9 ± 44.6 20.9 ± 36.4 27.7 ± 52.7 0.005
Used gender affirming hormones 619 (45.0) 292 (38.6) 327 (52.8) < 0.001
Had gender-affirming surgeries 128 (9.3) 57 (7.5) 71 (11.5) 0.01
  1. Values are numbers of subjects (%) for categorical variables and means ± standard deviation (SD) for continuous variables
  2. *Defined by having been reached by a community-based HIV program with any one of the services
  3. Chi-square test (or Fisher’s exact test when a cell count was smaller than 5) was used for categorical variables and independent Student’s t-test for continuous variables