Skip to main content


Table 2 Quality variables for selected empirical studies that assess the impact of health care judicialization on equity

From: Is the judicialization of health care bad for equity? A scoping review

Variables Objective
Equity Equity approach Whether the study takes a horizontal or a vertical approach to equity
Procedural justice Whether it incorporates procedural justice concerns
Quality Fit How good is the fit between the research question and the methodological design
Generalizability Whether the findings are generalizable to other cases
Data reliability Whether the data used is reliable
Data representativity Whether the data used is representative of the case
Replicability Whether the study can be replicated (i.e. it has a clear methodological strategy and the data is available)
Intercoder reliability test Whether it has an IRT protocol or not
Type of litigant indicators Location Whether it incorporates and elaborates on the litigants’ place of residence
Litigants’ relationship with health system Public, private, contributory, subsidized, etc.
Individual demographics Age, education, income, etc.
Intermediaries Whether the litigant was represented by Attorney, patients’ organization, NGO, public attorney, physician
Type of claim indicators Health benefits package (HBP) Whether the claim is included in the HBP or not
Prices How much the claim costs
Cost-effectiveness Whether there is scientific evidence of the effectiveness of the treatment and/or whether it is cost-effective
Policy impacts New policies The creation of new public policies
Effectiveness of current policies The improvement of current policies
Symbolic impacts Participation, deliberation, legitimacy, reframing Whether judicialization of health care empowers, democratizes, etc.