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Table 2 Sample data

From: The inequality of inpatient care net benefit under integration of urban-rural medical insurance systems in China

Variables NRCMS URBMI URRBMI sign
Mean (S.D.) Mean (S.D.) Mean (S.D.)
Dependent variable
 Net benefit of inpatient care 229.0460 (2106.3960) 285.0119 (1953.7150) 338.0393 (3185.9190)  
Independent variable
Gender ***
 Male 0.5005 (0.5) 0.3799 (0.4855) 0.4699 (0.4992)
 Female 0.4995 (0.5) 0.6201 (0.4855) 0.5301 (0.4992)
Age ***
  ≤ 44 0.4879 (0.4999) 0.5219 (0.4997) 0.4232 (0.4942)
 45–59 0.2791 (0.4486) 0.2506 (0.4335) 0.2946 (0.456)
  ≥ 60 0.233 (0.4228) 0.2275 (0.4194) 0.2821 (0.4501)
Marital status ***
 Married 0.791 (0.4066) 0.6669 (0.4715) 0.7855 (0.4106)
 Divorced/single/separated/other 0.209 (0.4066) 0.3331 (0.4715) 0.2145 (0.4106)
Employment/retirement status ***
 Employment 0.757 (0.4289) 0.4528 (0.498) 0.6058 (0.4888)
 Retirement 0.0085 (0.0918) 0.0862 (0.2808) 0.0121 (0.1095)
 Unemployment or student 0.2345 (0.4237) 0.461 (0.4987) 0.3821 (0.486)
Educational level ***
 Under primary school 0.4962 (0.5) 0.3011 (0.4589) 0.5665 (0.4956)
 Junior 0.3997 (0.4899) 0.3517 (0.4777) 0.3108 (0.4629)
 High school or above 0.1041 (0.3054) 0.3472 (0.4763) 0.1227 (0.3282)
Chronic *
 No chronic 0.9312 (0.2531) 0.913 (0.2819) 0.9342 (0.2479)
 One or multiple chronic 0.0688 (0.2531) 0.087 (0.2819) 0.0658 (0.2479)
Health status (EQ-VAS: self-reported) ***
 Excellent 0.5528 (0.4972) 0.5591 (0.4967) 0.6025 (0.4895)
 Good 0.3463 (0.4758) 0.345 (0.4755) 0.3185 (0.466)
 Medium 0.0887 (0.2843) 0.0855 (0.2797) 0.0632 (0.2433)
 Poor 0.0104 (0.1016) 0.0089 (0.0941) 0.0121 (0.1095)
 Very poor 0.0017 (0.0417) 0.0015 (0.0385) 0.0037 (0.0605)
Distance to the medical institution ***
  < 1 km 0.4742 (0.4994) 0.7182 (0.45) 0.4335 (0.4956)
  ≥ 1 km 0.5258 (0.4994) 0.2818 (0.45) 0.5665 (0.4956)
Willingness to seek inpatient care
 Primary care hospital 0.9581 (0.2004) 0.7331 (0.4425) 0.9556 (0.2061) ***
 General hospital or TCM hospital (Traditional Chinese Medicine) 0.0419 (0.1972) 0.2669 (0.4467) 0.0444 (0.271)
 Per capita income 12,450.55 (13,065.36) 13,735.92 (10,404.71) 14,473.30 (18,066.56) ***
  1. Note: Primary care hospital refers to village / private clinics, community health service stations, township hospitals or community health service centers; general hospital refers to general hospitals at the municipal / county level; TCM hospital refers to traditional Chinese medicine hospitals at the municipal /county level. Calculations were weighted using individual sampling weights and adjusted for individual responses
  2. ***implies p-value < 0.001, *implies p-value< 0.05