|Sector of health care||No. of studies [references]||Inequality (trend)||Description of trend|
|Outpatient care (unspecific)||5 [17,18,19,20,21]||+||▪ Higher probability of utilization especially among migrant children and adolescents.|
|Outpatient care (general practitioner or paediatrician)||5 [22,23,24,25,26]||O||
▪ No striking differences, but lower probability of utilization among migrant children and adolescents.|
▪ Higher utilization among 1st generation migrants.
|Outpatient care (specialists)||14 [22, 23, 25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36]||–||
▪ Lower frequency and probability of utilization especially among 1st generation migrants.|
▪ Inequality varies with the type of specialist.
|Inpatient care||10 [17, 18, 23, 25, 26, 29, 30, 37,38,39]||O||▪ Inconsistent results, differences in terms of type of disease.|
|Emergency care||3 [26, 40, 41]||O||▪ Inconsistent results: Higher probability of utilization among migrant adults, but no difference among children and adolescents.|
|Rehabilitation||4 [26, 42,43,44]||–||
▪ Results tend to lower usage among migrants.|
▪ Two multivariate analyses indicate lower probability of utilization among people with migrant background.
|Therapists and counselling services||8 [22, 26, 28, 45,46,47,48,49]||–||
▪ Lower probability of utilization among 1st generation migrants (physical therapy) and migrant children of lower age groups (physical and occupational therapy).|
▪ In terms of (psychosocial) counselling slightly higher frequency of uptake among natives, but no differences in the probability for cancer survivors.
|Medication and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)||13 [24, 26, 50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59]||–||
▪ Lower frequency and probability of utilization among people with migrant background, especially for CAM and in case of self-medication (e.g. over-the-counter drugs).|
▪ Unclear pattern in terms of prescribed drugs, but trend to higher use among migrants.
|Early detection (cancer)||7 [17, 26, 60,61,62,63,64]||–||▪ Lower frequency and probability of participation especially among migrant women and migrants of the 1st generation or with two-sided background (any cancer sites).|
|Early detection (children)||5 [25, 65,66,67,68]||–||▪ Consistently lower frequency and probability of participation in the preventive health care program for children with migrant background.|
|Vaccination||13 [41, 61, 66, 67, 69,70,71,72,73,74,75,76,77]||O||
▪ Inequality varies with the type of vaccination.|
▪ In some cases, lower frequency and probability of utilization notably among 1st generation migrants, in other cases, lower uptake among natives.
|General health check-up||2 [26, 61]||–||▪ Lower frequency of utilization among migrants, but small number of studies.|
|Oral health check-up||7 [24, 26, 27, 58, 61, 78, 79]||–||▪ Lower frequency and probability of utilization in all age groups of migrants.|