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Table 3 Median MPR for essential medicines in China from 2011 to 2016

From: A survey of availability, price and affordability of essential medicines from 2011 to 2016 in Chinese secondary and tertiary hospitals

Year Nationwide Eastern Middle Western P
MPR Product specific ΔMPR MPR Product specific ΔMPR MPR Product specific ΔMPR MPR Product specific ΔMPR
2011 4.48   6.58   4.22   3.36   0.001
2012 4.20 −0.16 10.34 −0.08 3.64 −0.10 4.73 0.04 0.001
2013 4.70 −0.10 9.90 −0.20 4.58 −0.02 4.62 0.08 0.000
2014 5.42 −1.01 9.48 −0.24* 4.46 −0.10* 4.48 −0.06* 0.001
2015 4.58 −0.22* 8.76 −0.14* 4.43 −0.09* 4.40 −0.06 0.003
2016 11.68 0.04 12.97 −0.08 5.06 −0.04 5.01 0.05 0.001
  1. *P < 0.05
  2. Product specific Δ MPR: first calculated the differences of MPR of each product between adjacent years and then chose the median value of these differences as Product specific Δ MPR