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Table 6 Multilevel modelling estimates of the association between conflict and maternal care usage by household wealth quintile

From: Associations of acute conflict with equity in maternal healthcare: an uncontrolled before-and-after analysis of Egypt demographic and health survey data

Period Poorest
(n = 1032)
Less poor
(n = 1079)
Middle
(n = 1084)
Richer
(n = 1100)
Richest
(n = 1147)
Wald
p value#
ORa (95%CI) ORa (95%CI) ORa (95%CI) ORa (95%CI) ORa (95%CI)
4+ ANC visits
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) < 0.001
 Peri 1.00 (0.98–1.02) 1.01***(1.01–1.02) 1.01 (0.98–1.04) 1.01 (0.99–1.04) 1.01 (0.99–1.02)  
ANC from a government provider
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00(Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.004
 Peri 0.99 (0.94–1.03) 1.00 (0.98–1.03) 1.01 (0.94–1.08) 0.99 (0.94–1.03) 0.97***(0.95–0.98)  
ANC from a doctor
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.12
 Peri 1.02 (0.95–1.10) 0.95 (0.84–1.06) 1.01 (0.98–1.04) 1.02 (0.98–1.07) 1.01 (0.99–1.03)  
Delivery by skilled provider
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00(Reference) 1.00 (Reference) < 0.001
 Peri 1.01 (0.99–1.04) 1.03***(1.02–1.05) 1.02***(1.01–1.04) 1.00 (0.98–1.02 1.00 (0.99–1.02)  
Delivery by doctor
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) < 0.001
 Peri 1.01(0.98–1.03) 1.03***(1.01–1.05) 1.03***(1.01–1.05) 1.02 (0.99–1.07) 1.02* (1.00–1.03)  
Delivery in public institution
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.28
 Peri 0.99(0.94–1.05) 1.00 (0.96–1.05) 0.98 (0.93–1.03) 1.04 (0.97–1.10) 0.96 (0.90–1.01)  
Any PNC
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.08
 Peri 1.04 (1.00–1.08) 1.00 (0.98–1.03) 0.99 (0.93–1.06) 1.01 (0.97–1.05) 0.99 (0.93–1.05)  
  1. a Multilevel modelling estimates adjusted for education, residence, child gender, household wealth status, currently working status and birth order; * < 0.05; ** < 0.01; *** < 0.001; sample size is pre-conflict 2569 and peri-conflict 4641;# joint interaction term explaining the effect of conflict on outcome variable between strata
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