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Table 4 Multilevel modelling estimates of the association between conflict and maternal care usage by maternal education level

From: Associations of acute conflict with equity in maternal healthcare: an uncontrolled before-and-after analysis of Egypt demographic and health survey data

Period No education
(n = 1109)
Primary
(n = 1123)
Secondary
(n = 3210)
Wald
p value#
ORa (95% CI) ORa (95% CI) ORa (95% CI)
4+ ANC visits
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.07
 Peri 0.99 (0.98–1.00) 1.00 (0.97–1.03) 1.02 (1.00–1.04)  
ANC received from a government provider
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.42
 Peri 1.00 (0.94–1.05) 0.98 (0.92–1.05) 0.98 (0.96–1.00)  
ANC received from a doctor
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.38
 Peri 1.01 (0.95–1.07) 0.96 (0.84–1.10) 1.01 (0.98–1.04)  
Delivery by skilled provider
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) < 0.001
 Peri 1.00 (0.96–1.05) 1.04* (1.01–1.07) 1.00 (0.99–1.01)  
Delivery by doctor
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) < 0.001
 Peri 1.00 (0.97–1.05) 1.05* (1.01–1.10) 1.01 (1.00–1.03)  
Delivery in a public institution
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.01
 Peri 1.01 (0.95–1.07) 1.02 (0.99–1.05) 0.97*** (0.96–0.99)  
Any PNC
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.12
 Peri 1.05 (0.99–1.12) 1.03 (0.97–1.10) 0.98 (0.94–1.03)  
  1. a Multilevel modelling estimates adjusted for education, residence, child gender, household wealth status, currently working status and birth order; * < 0.05; ** < 0.01; *** < 0.001; sample size is pre-conflict 2569 and peri-conflict 4641;# joint interaction term explaining the effect of conflict on outcome variable between strata