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Table 3 Standardized direct effects on key outcomes from the Structural Equation Model (SEM)

From: Time spent on work-related activities, social activities and time pressure as intermediary determinants of health disparities among elderly women and men in 5 European countries: a structural equation model

Path Men Women
Direct effects on Stress
 Age 0.003 (0.009) − 0.060 (0.009)***
 Married/Cohabitation 0.021 (0.010)** 0.024 (0.009)**
 SES 0.182 (0.027)*** 0.028 (0.021)
 Housework 0.040 (0.009)*** 0.049 (0.009)***
 Paid work −0.069 (0.025)** − 0.003 (0.017)
 Social activities −0.001 (0.009) 0.001 (0.009)
Direct effects on Self-reported health
 Age −0.118 (0.009)*** −0.125 (0.008)***
 Married/Cohabitation 0.033 (0.009)*** −0.009 (0.008)
 SES 0.237 (0.036)*** 0.328 (0.054)***
 Stress −0.176 (0.009)*** −0.181 (0.007)***
 Housework 0.182 (0.009)*** 0.162 (0.008)***
 Paid work 0.108 (0.009)*** 0.065 (0.008)***
 Social activities 0.103 (0.009)*** 0.119 (0.008)***
  1. Notes: Significance level: *** p < 0.001; ** p < 0.01; * p < 0.05. Observed Information Matrix (OIM) standard errors in parentheses. Model fit: (CFI = 0.92; RMSEA = 0.056, with 90% C.I. = 0.054–0.059), and women (CFI = 0.89; RMSEA = 0.064, with 90% C.I. = 0.062–0.068)