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Table 4 Decomposition of income-related inequalities in cardiovascular risk factors in men aged 40- and 50-years old in 2008–2010 in Northern Sweden (N = 5350)

From: Decomposition of gendered income-related inequalities in multiple biological cardiovascular risk factors in a middle-aged population

  BMI Abdominal Obesity Cholesterol Triglycerides Hyperglycemia Blood pressure HDL levels LDL levels
Cont to C Adj % Cont to C Adj % Cont to C Adj % Cont to C Adj % Cont to C Adj % Cont to C Adj % Cont to C Adj % Cont to C Adj %
Demographic variables
 Age -0.0011 0.7 0.0019 0.0 0.0068 0.0 0.0006 0.0 0.0080 0.0 0.0119 0.0 -0.0034 2.7 0.0070 0.0
  40 yrs                 
  50 yrs -0.0011 0.7 0.0019   0.0068   0.0006   0.0080   0.0119   -0.0034 2.7 0.0070  
 Year of participation 0.0018 0.5 0.0033 0.4 0.0089 0.8 0.0005 1.7 0.0011 0.0 0.0054 0.1 -0.0192 20.1 0.0070 0.5
  2008                 
  2009 -0.0008 0.5 -0.0006 0.4 -0.0008 0.8 -0.0016 1.7 0.0004   -0.0001 0.1 0.0067   -0.0005 0.5
  2010 0.0026   0.0039   0.0097   0.0021   0.0007   0.0055   -0.0259 20.1 0.0075  
 Subtotal 0.0007 1.2 0.0052 0.4 0.0157 0.8 0.0011 1.7 0.0090 0.0 0.0173 0.1 -0.0226 22.8 0.0141 0.5
Socioeconomic conditions
 Total earned income -0.0430 27.4 -0.0354 26.8 -0.0101 12.4 -0.0162 23.2 -0.0998 50.0 -0.0368 26.2 -0.0140 14.5 -0.0062 13.1
  Lowest quintile -0.0330 21.0 -0.0282 21.2 -0.0035 3.4 -0.0214 23.2 -0.0809 37.5 -0.0275 17.5 -0.0077 6.0 0.0029  
  2 -0.0031 2.0 -0.0034 2.5 0.0026   0.0024   -0.0268 12.4 -0.0136 8.7 0.0047   0.0041  
  3 0.0000 0.0 0.0000   0.0000 0.0 0.0000   -0.0002 0.1 0.0000 0.0 0.0000   0.0002  
  4 -0.0069 4.4 -0.0039 3.0 -0.0092 9.0 0.0027   0.0082   0.0044   -0.0110 8.5 -0.0135 13.1
  Highest quintile                 
 Education level -0.0310 25.6 -0.0256 24.6 -0.0161 21.2 -0.0178 22.2 -0.0187 13.7 -0.0310 23.9 -0.0205 15.9 -0.0116 16.0
  Compulsory education up to 9 yrs -0.0100 6.4 -0.0065 4.9 -0.0015 1.5 -0.0059 6.3 -0.0083 3.8 -0.0096 6.1 -0.0050 3.9 -0.0050 4.9
  Secondary education up to 2 yrs -0.0281 17.9 -0.0246 18.5 -0.0202 19.8 -0.0137 14.9 -0.0201 9.3 -0.0266 16.9 -0.0138 10.7 -0.0115 11.1
  Secondary education 3 yrs -0.0020 1.3 -0.0015 1.1 0.0000 0.0 -0.0010 1.0 -0.0011 0.5 -0.0013 0.8 -0.0014 1.1 0.0000 0.0
  Post-secondary less than 3 yrs 0.0091   0.0070   0.0056   0.0027   0.0108   0.0065   -0.0004 0.3 0.0049  
  Post-secondary 3 yrs or more and postgraduate                 
 Occupation -0.0069 4.5 -0.0052 4.4 0.0181 0.4 -0.0032 3.5 -0.0147 6.9 -0.0116 13.2 0.0208 4.2 -0.0016 12.2
  Managers & Upper professionals                 
  Middle non-manual -0.0040 2.5 -0.0045 3.4 0.0062   0.0000   -0.0009 0.4 0.0091   -0.0054 4.2 0.0110  
  Lower non-manual -0.0006 0.4 -0.0001 0.0 -0.0004 0.4 -0.0009 1.0 0.0002   -0.0024 1.5 0.0019   -0.0002 0.2
  Skilled manual -0.0024 1.5 0.0006   0.0115   -0.0007 0.8 -0.0041 1.9 -0.0175 11.1 0.0209   -0.0105 10.2
  Unskilled manual 0.0000   -0.0012 0.9 0.0008   -0.0015 1.7 -0.0099 4.6 -0.0009 0.6 0.0033   -0.0018 1.8
 Immigrant status 0.0013   0.0006   0.0015   -0.0018 1.9 -0.0043 2.0 0.0027   -0.0049 3.8 0.0025  
 Subtotal -0.0796 57.5 -0.0656 55.7 -0.0065 34.0 -0.0390 50.8 -0.1374 72.6 -0.0767 63.3 -0.0187 38.5 -0.0169 41.3
Family conditions
 Civil status -0.0069 5.0 -0.0098 8.0 -0.0088 10.4 -0.0020 2.3 -0.0144 7.2 -0.0023 2.1 -0.0052 4.3 -0.0025 4.6
  Unmarried                 
  Married -0.0078 5.0 -0.0106 8.0 -0.0106 10.4 -0.0020 2.2 -0.0156 7.2 -0.0032 2.0 -0.0056 4.3 -0.0048 4.6
  Divorced 0.0005   0.0004   0.0012   -0.0001 0.1 0.0012   0.0010   0.0002   0.0017  
  Widowed 0.0004   0.0004   0.0006   0.0001   0.0000 0.0 -0.0001 0.1 0.0001   0.0005  
 Children in household -0.0098 6.2 -0.0086 6.5 -0.0140 13.7 -0.0094 10.2 -0.0090 4.2 -0.0165 10.5 -0.0026 2.0 -0.0128 12.4
 Subtotal -0.0167 11.2 -0.0184 14.5 -0.0227 24.1 -0.0114 12.4 -0.0234 11.4 -0.0188 12.6 -0.0078 6.3 -0.0153 17.0
 Geographical area                 
  Coastal with hospital                 
  Coastal without hospital -0.0029 1.9 -0.0040 3.0 -0.0068 6.7 -0.0004 0.5 0.0031   -0.0063 4.0 -0.0023 1.8 -0.0045 4.4
  Inland with hospital -0.0009 0.6 -0.0003 0.3 -0.0016 1.5 0.0002   -0.0004 0.2 -0.0023 1.5 -0.0001 0.1 -0.0011 1.1
  Inland without hospital -0.0047 3.0 -0.0010 0.7 -0.0087 8.5 -0.0016 1.8 0.0050   -0.0112 7.1 -0.0056 4.4 -0.0107 10.4
  Other -0.0001 0.1 -0.0002 0.1 0.0001   -0.0003 0.3 0.0000 0.0 0.0000   -0.0014 1.1 0.0001  
 Subtotal -0.0086 5.5 -0.0055 4.2 -0.0170 16.8 -0.0022 2.6 0.0076 0.2 -0.0198 12.6 -0.0094 7.3 -0.0162 15.8
Behavioural factors
 Physical activity -0.0224 14.3 -0.0192 14.5 -0.0079 7.7 -0.0150 16.3 -0.0140 6.5 -0.0140 8.9 -0.0250 19.4 -0.0098 9.5
  Sedentary -0.0166 10.6 -0.0136 10.3 -0.0051 5.0 -0.0105 11.4 -0.0096 4.5 -0.0129 8.2 -0.0147 11.4 -0.0053 5.1
  Moderate activity -0.0058 3.7 -0.0056 4.2 -0.0028 2.8 -0.0045 4.9 -0.0043 2.0 -0.0011 0.7 -0.0103 8.0 -0.0045 4.4
  Physically active                 
 Smoking -0.0068 4.4 -0.0058 4.3 -0.0051 5.0 -0.0074 8.0 -0.0044 2.0 0.0043 0.0 -0.0049 3.8 0.0000 0.2
  Never smoked                 
  Former smokers -0.0032 2.0 -0.0016 1.2 -0.0012 1.2 -0.0008 0.8 -0.0022 1.0 0.0015   -0.0004 0.3 -0.0002 0.2
  Current smokers -0.0037 2.4 -0.0041 3.1 -0.0039 3.8 -0.0066 7.2 -0.0022 1.0 0.0028   -0.0046 3.6 0.0002  
 Snus -0.0007 0.5 -0.0005 0.8 -0.0006 2.1 -0.0015 1.8 0.0003 0.0 0.0003 0.0 -0.0001 0.5 -0.0003 1.2
  Never used                 
  Former users 0.0001   0.0006   0.0015   0.0002   0.0000   0.0001   -0.0007 0.5 0.0009  
  Current users -0.0008 0.5 -0.0010 0.8 -0.0021 2.1 -0.0016 1.8 0.0002   0.0002   0.0006   -0.0013 1.2
 Alcohol disorder test -0.0008 0.5 -0.0009 0.7 -0.0021 2.0 -0.0005 0.8 -0.0015 0.7 -0.0015 0.9 0.0029 0.0 -0.0027 2.6
  Not at risk                 
  Probably risk alcohol consumption -0.0007 0.5 -0.0009 0.7 -0.0009 0.9 -0.0008 0.8 -0.0001 0.0 -0.0008 0.5 0.0014   -0.0007 0.7
  Probably alcohol dependence 0.0000 0.0 0.0000   -0.0012 1.1 0.0002   -0.0014 0.7 -0.0006 0.4 0.0014   -0.0020 2.0
 Subtotal -0.0308 19.7 -0.0263 20.3 -0.0157 16.9 -0.0245 26.9 -0.0196 9.2 -0.0108 9.8 -0.0272 23.8 -0.0129 13.6
Psychosocial factors
 Availability of social interaction 0.0106   -0.0031 2.3 -0.0004 0.4 0.0078   0.0046   0.0093   0.0042   -0.0042 4.0
 Availability of attachment -0.0018 1.2 -0.0010 0.7 -0.0006 0.6 -0.0010 1.1 -0.0008 0.4 0.0022   -0.0006 0.5 -0.0003 0.3
 Job strain 0.0048 3.8 0.0047 1.8 0.0063 6.6 0.0037 4.5 0.0011 6.2 0.0111 1.6 -0.0007 0.7 0.0149 7.6
  Low strain                 
  Passive -0.0020 1.3 0.0011   -0.0047 4.6 -0.0019 2.1 -0.0090 4.2 0.0027   -0.0009 0.7 -0.0039 3.8
  Active 0.0107   0.0060   0.0130   0.0079   0.0146   0.0110   0.0000 0.0 0.0227  
  High strain -0.0039 2.5 -0.0024 1.8 -0.0020 2.0 -0.0023 2.5 -0.0045 2.1 -0.0025 1.6 0.0002   -0.0039 3.7
 Subtotal 0.0135 5.0 0.0006 4.9 0.0053 7.5 0.0105 5.6 0.0050 6.6 0.0227 1.6 0.0028 1.2 0.0104 11.9
 Inequality (total) -0.1259   -0.1172   -0.0333   -0.0850   -0.1661   -0.0531   -0.0828   -0.0272  
  Standard error 0.0187   0.0164   0.0214   0.0159   0.0213   0.0194   0.0230   0.0253  
  Residual -0.0043   -0.0071   0.0077   -0.0195   -0.0074   0.0330   0.0004   0.0096  
  1. BMI Body Mass Index, LDL Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, HDL High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, Cont to C Contribution to C, Adj % Adjusted percentage. Bold numbers indicate relative contribution per variable; relative contribution per group of variables (Subtotal); and significant (p<0.05) concentration indices (Inequality (total)